By abandoning extremely intricate formal architecture and instead focusing on carving out the inner vacuum first, the shape becomes only a product of the internal volumes, similar to how a fossil fills in around its initial shell or bone....
"Form refers to the shape or configuration of a building. Form and its opposite, space, constitute the primary elements of architecture. The reciprocal relationship is essential, given the intention of architecture to provide internal sheltered space for human occupation... Forms are typically defined by walls or some other boundary element, although in modern architecture the term is also applied to free-standing structures." [Pieter Henjaars, form architecture on Wikipedia]
Form follows function. The function of a house is to protect humans from nature and the elements, so forms should be designed to this end. Houses should not be beautiful but rather they should be useful and functional.
There are many different types of houses with varying functions for different types of people. Here are just a few: single family homes, multifamily buildings (such as apartments or townhouses), mobile homes, commercial buildings such as shops or offices, industrial buildings, schools, churches, etc.
Each type of house has its own unique features that distinguish it from other house types. However, at its core, all houses have four common elements: roof, wall, floor, and door. These elements can be found in many different shapes and sizes depending on the type of house being built.
A building's shell is the component that divides the structure's inner space from its outside and surrounding locations. It may include a variety of characteristics, the most typical of which are the foundation, roofing, doors, windows, and footers. The shell of a building is responsible for preventing the elements from reaching the interior of the structure while at the same time providing visibility from the outside in case of emergency or security reasons.
The shell of a building consists of three primary components: the foundation, the walls, and the roof. The foundation is the layer of rock or other material on which the building rests. The walls are the external surfaces of the building that contain its rooms. The roof is the covering over the walls and floors of a building. There are several types of roofs including flat, sloped, gable, and tent.
Buildings are usually constructed with concrete or steel frames containing glass, plastic, or other materials used to create the exterior surface. The shells of buildings are typically divided into two main categories based on how they are constructed: load-bearing and non-load-bearing.
Load-bearing shells support the weight of those inside the building without assistance from any other part of the structure. These types of shells are typically made out of concrete or steel and are called "bones" of the building because they provide structural support for the building within.
A void is commonly used in double-story residences to remove the flooring between the lower and higher floors. As a result, a space or region where light may enter the free space is created, providing warmth and a sense of openness to an otherwise underutilized area. Void floors are typically made of wood, although other materials such as concrete or glass are also used.
The word "void" comes from the same source as the word "vault," which is why void floors are also called vaulted floors. Voids can be found in old buildings and even some new ones that were built without any thought of modern design principles. However, they are not required by law to be included in newly constructed homes.
Voids provide many benefits for homeowners and their families. First of all, they allow for more privacy than a house with no void floor would offer. If someone was to walk into your home's living room and see the floor-to-ceiling wall of windows, they might feel as if they were being watched or intruded upon. By including a void floor, your family's privacy is protected because people cannot see down into the room.
Secondly, void floors help reduce noise pollution in bedrooms by acting as soundproof dividers between rooms. If you share a house with anyone else, you know how difficult it can be to get a good night's sleep when someone else is constantly moving about the house.
Buildings constructed in the New Formalism style feature a highly arranged hierarchy of space, with an emphasis on the building's structural grid. A single-volume construction is desired, and buildings are frequently situated on a raised pedestal or foundation to divide them from nature. The scale of these structures is usually grand, and they often include many large public spaces.
New Formalist architects such as Richard Barnes, John Burgee, Jean Nouvel, and Peter Rice have all designed notable works in this style. The style was popular in the United States between 1980 and 1995 but has been revived recently. Examples can be found across Europe, Asia, and South America.
Formalism is based on geometry and mathematics. As such, it is related to other modern styles that share these interests including Bauhaus, Brutalism, and Functionalism. Like these others styles, New Formalism is characterized by its use of simple shapes and clear lines, often in monochromatic colors. It also tends to feature flat or slightly sloping roofs, which allow for much of the structure to be seen from outside the building.
New Formalism was first used to describe architectural projects by American practitioners in the early 1980s. The term was coined by architect John Burgee who wrote a book with that title in 1986.