A plenum (pronounced PLEH-nuhm, from the Latin word for "full") is a separate space provided for air circulation for heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (sometimes referred to as HVAC) and is typically provided in the space between the structural ceiling and a drop-down ceiling, or between floors. Heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning systems use air flowing through these spaces to remove heat from or provide cool air to different parts of a building.
The term "plenum" comes from the early American gold rush days when these spaces were used to transport ore by steam pipe from mine shafts to mills. The word "plenum" means "full volume" or "to the maximum capacity". Since then they have become necessary in large buildings where there is no access to outside air.
They are also found in older buildings and can be seen inside many church ceilings. A plenum is required in any building where there is a live ceiling fan because the fans need to be able to move air through the space below.
There are two main types of plenums: open and closed-ceiling. Open plenums allow for easy maintenance and are preferred by landlords because they do not require additional plumbing work before you move in. However, they are more vulnerable to damage from water leaks and must be regularly inspected by a professional inspector.
A plinth is thus defined as the piece of the construction that lies directly above the ground between the level of the surrounding ground and the surface of the floor. Plinth is a vital architectural component that keeps crawling creatures, water, and other insects out of the structure. The plinth should be of sufficient height to accommodate any plumbing or heating systems that may need to be installed behind it.
The word comes from the Greek ploutos meaning "a base" or "foundation". In architecture, a plinth is the lower portion of a wall or column which extends below grade level. It provides support for a floor or platform and may include decorative features or information about its purpose. The term can also refer to the entire base area of a building, including the ground beneath it.
In engineering, the plinth is the bottom plate of a tank or vessel used for containing fluids at high pressures. The word takes its origin from the fact that such tanks had to be built of strong material, since they were filled with fluid under considerable pressure.
The top of the plinth is called the capstone. It may be decorative or functional in nature. Decorative capstones are often carved or shaped to match the design of the rest of the building or to provide additional lightness and elegance to the structure. Functional capstones are used to keep out animals or prevent soil erosion.
That's referred to as a "cove junction" in a basement. If the room in issue isn't a basement, it's a wall-floor or a floor-wall junction.
A room in a building is any space enclosed within a number of walls to which entry is only possible through a door or other dividing structure that connects it to a passageway, another room, or the outdoors, and which is large enough for several people to move around and whose size, fixtures, furnishings, and ambiance are generally intended to provide comfort by controlling temperature and humidity and providing privacy.
There are many different types of rooms including libraries, theaters, churches, and laboratories. Rooms are also categorized according to use: living rooms, dining rooms, kitchens, bedrooms, and bathrooms.
Living rooms are used for relaxing after a hard day's work or playing with your children. Living rooms usually have furniture that allows you to relax after a long day, such as couches and chairs. You may also find a television here for unwinding after a busy day. Eating areas include kitchen tables, bars, and cafes. These are necessary for family life; without them, there would be no time or energy for anything else! Bedrooms are where we go to sleep; they are the most important room in the house because without sleep we cannot function properly the next day. Beds can be single or double, depending on how much space you have. Some people like having a third bed in their bedroom for guests, but this is not necessary. Bathrooms are vital for health reasons! They contain toilets, showers, and bathtubs.
The regions between walls (typically excluding a garage) are referred to as "living areas," sometimes known as square footage. Square footage is extremely important for estimating a property's usable/livable space, value, and so on. Living areas include closets, storage rooms, and other amenities that provide comfort or convenience to the home's occupants.
The living area includes rooms such as kitchens, dining rooms, family rooms, libraries, music rooms, etc. That is, any room used regularly by one or more household members. Rooms not used regularly by anyone are considered storage spaces, even if they have doors that would close them off from view. These storage spaces may contain items such as furniture in them that are not visible from outside the house unless you know what's inside them.
Storage spaces include but are not limited to: attics, basement, garages, and sheds. Attics and basements can be used as storage spaces only if they are safe and secure. Garages and sheds must be used responsibly to avoid creating a hazard for drivers or damaging valuables. All storage spaces should be kept clean at all times to help keep its contents safe and accessible.
The term "living area" has become somewhat of a standard measurement in the real estate industry.
The floor area of a building is a measurement of the amount of usable space in a structure (including its attachments) after the end of its construction, and it is measured in square metres (m2). The external perimeter of the building's outside walls delineates the boundaries of the recorded floor space. The number of meters per square meter is called the density of the building material. The term "floor area" can be used as a unit of volume when referring to the interior of a building.
Generally, the total floor area of a building is the sum of the areas of all floors above ground level. In buildings with more than one floor below ground level, such as warehouses and cell blocks, the total floor area includes a partial height allowance for structural elements such as beams and columns. Above-ground floor areas include living spaces such as offices, apartments, or stores, while subterranean floor areas are used for storage or other purposes.
In planning applications, surveyors must estimate the floor area of a building based on information provided by the applicant about the dimensions of the building footprint and the type of construction used. If these estimates are inaccurate, the plan will not be accepted by local authorities who have the power to do so.