The Great Pyramid of Giza is the only remaining "wonder." It is one of many architectural marvels that contribute to Egypt's allure. Stepped pyramids, like as this one erected for Pharaoh Djoser, are the world's earliest surviving memorial structures. The ancient Egyptians invented modern architecture and created some of the first skyscrapers with their lofty limestone towers.
Other important achievements include the creation of the Sphinx and the development of mathematics and science. The ancient Egyptians were the first people to measure the height of the Pyramids by counting the rows of stones inside each structure. They also used geometry to calculate the volume of a pyramid, which helped them design more efficient buildings. Science! The ancient Egyptians invented many tools, from syringes to telescopes, but their greatest invention is probably the microchip. They made the first computers about 5,000 years ago and these devices have been an essential part of our civilization ever since.
Finally, the ancient Egyptians were the first people to write down their history. All we know about the first kings of Egypt was passed on through oral tradition, but the Egyptians wrote it all down in beautiful books called "pyramids." These books contain pictures, stories, and even mathematical equations written in an alphabet developed by the Egyptians themselves.
So, the ancient Egyptians were experts in many fields including architecture, mathematics, science, and history.
The Great Pyramid, the oldest and largest of Giza's three pyramids, is the only remaining edifice of the legendary Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. It was constructed for Pharaoh Khufu (Cheops in Greek), Sneferu's successor and the second of the fourth dynasty's eight monarchs. The pyramid remains one of the most impressive architectural feats of the ancient world.
The Great Pyramid is larger than any other pyramid built before or since. Its base covers about 250,000 m2, while its height is 484 feet (147 m). It is also the highest structure on earth that can be constructed solely from stone without using any iron tools or machinery. The pyramid's interior chamber has a volume of 2.5 million cubic feet (70,000 m3), which is more than enough room for its occupants to rest comfortably for all eternity.
Each year, approximately two billion visitors come to see the Great Pyramid in Egypt. It is estimated that this makes it the most viewed monument in the world.
In addition to being one of the biggest attractions in Egypt, the Great Pyramid of Giza is important for its cultural significance as well. It was during this time that modern archaeology as we know it today came into existence with the work of men like Howard Carter who discovered King Tut's tomb in 1922. Before then, archaeologists just guessed what ancient civilizations had built based on pure speculation.
1. The Great Pyramid of Giza The Great Pyramid of Giza, one of the world's seven wonders, is the biggest of Egypt's remaining pyramids. At 470 feet (140 meters), it is more than twice as big as the next largest pyramid, which is also in Giza.
The Great Pyramid was built for King Khufu (Cheops to Greeks) around 2580 B.C. It was designed by King's architect Imhotep and actually built by workers under his supervision. The pyramid remains popular today because it is a huge structure: nearly half a mile from top to bottom (1,400 feet). Its height makes it visible miles away across the Egyptian desert. In addition to being impressive, the pyramid is interesting because it has been changed over time to make it taller.
Some people think that the Great Pyramid is an improvement on king Khufu's previous pyramid because it is bigger, better constructed, and uses larger stones than the earlier structure. But others say that it is not so much an improvement as a new type of construction. The original king's pyramid was made of limestone, but the Great Pyramid is made of granite. Also, its design is different from that of the earlier pyramid.
1. Giza's Great Pyramid (starting at USD 18.0). One of the most renowned ancient world relics is still as interesting today as it was when it was initially erected 5,000 years ago. The Great Pyramid of Giza consists of two large pyramids with seven smaller ones inserted between them. It is estimated that the original construction costed about 2 million pounds (USD 3 million in 2013 dollars).
2. Luxor's Karnak Temple Complex (starting at USD 19.5). Considered to be one of the largest religious buildings in the world, this huge temple complex is located near Luxor, Egypt. It was built over an area of 1,000,000 square feet and contains some 30,000 objects including statues, icons, and decorative elements. The complex first came into existence around 0 A.D. but was not completed until the 11th century AD.
3. Cairo's El-Azhar Mosque (starting at USD 20.8). This enormous mosque is one of the oldest in Cairo and one of the greatest centers of Islamic learning at the time it was constructed. It sits on the edge of the Nile River about halfway between downtown Cairo and Giza. The main structure covers about 40,000 square feet and has six hundred carved doors. It was built by the Fatimids who were rulers of Egypt from 969 to 1171.
The Great Pyramid of Giza is the final of the ancient Seven Wonders of the World and a defining icon of Egypt. It is located on the Giza plateau near the present city of Cairo and was constructed during a twenty-year period during the reign of the 4th Dynasty's ruler Khufu (2589–2566 BCE), also known as Cheops. The pyramid is perhaps the most famous example of ancient engineering technology. It is estimated to be the work of 20,000 to 30,000 men who used over 250,000 blocks to construct it.
In addition to being one of the largest structures ever built with such materials, the Great Pyramid of Giza is also notable for its innovative design and advanced construction techniques. The original height of the pyramid was about 481 feet (145 m), but now only about 470 feet (140 m) remains due to damage caused by weathering and human activity over time. It is the oldest monumental structure in Egypt and the largest single stone building in existence. The base of the pyramid is about 247 feet (77 m) long and 205 feet (62 m) wide.
Khufu was the eldest son of Khafre, who had also been king of Egypt. According to traditional stories told by later Egyptians, Khufu pursued knowledge of science and magic after his father's death and built the Great Pyramid as a memorial to him.