The Qutb Shahi dynasty, commonly known as the Golconda Sultanate, established a particular style of Indo-Islamic architecture known as Qutb Shahi architecture. Qutb Shahi structures may be seen across Hyderabad and its environs. They include mosques, mausoleums, tombs, schools, hospitals, caravanserais, and tanks.
Golconda means 'land of gold' in Spanish. It was named after a large salt lake located near the former capital, Golconda. The lake has been converted into a small wetland today. The kingdom that existed here from 1347 until 1758 was one of the largest Muslim states in India. It was responsible for constructing many mosques, temples and fountains across its territory.
Key features of Qutb Shahi architecture include very elaborate plasterwork, wooden ceilings, latticed windows, floral motifs in stonework, and use of pietra dura (hard stone) in construction. This style evolved over time under several sultans, including Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah and Ibrahim Adil Shah I. Its final manifestation can be seen in buildings such as Golconda Fort.
People also refer to it as "Hyderabadi" style because of the use of blue and white plaster in many of its buildings.
Mughal style architecture Islamic style architecture
The fort was built between 1638 and 1665 under the orders of Shah Jahan, who wanted to build a great city at this site. It has been described as "the most ambitious project of its time in India or Asia". The design of the city was done by Italian architects who were working for the Mughals. They were probably inspired by the examples of Venice and Turin when they designed the capital of the Mughal Empire.
Agra has an unusually large number of buildings in Mughal style. This is because many of the structures used by Shah Jahan as a residence after he moved from Islamabad (now Islamabad, Pakistan) to Agra (1655) have survived until today. These include three beautiful palaces: Taj Mahal, Sheesh Mahal and Char Minar.
Also worth mentioning are two other important Mughal-style buildings: Jama Masjid (Friday Mosque) and Qutb Minar (Minaret of Justice).
This quadrangle's design combines local brick building traditions with modifications from the imperial style seen in Agra and Fatehpur Sikri. This quadrangle's iwans reflect the pinnacle of Akbari architecture in the region that is now Pakistan. The buildings have elaborate stonework, decorative panels, and large windows. The entrance to the fort is through a magnificent gateway called "the lion's gate" because of its massive size and shape. It stands more than 30 feet high and is made up of four enormous blocks of stone that weigh more than 20 tons each.
The interior of the fortress consists of several large courtyards surrounded by small rooms used as offices or storage space. There are also many small chambers called jharokhas that were used as prisons. The most important room in the fortress is the Diwan-i-Am, or Hall of Public Audience, which has impressive wooden ceiling beams decorated with gold leaf. The diwan faces east toward the rising sun and was used by the Mughal emperor as a place for official business. Today it houses a museum dedicated to the history of the fort and Punjab province.
Construction on the fort began in 1576 under Emperor Shah Jahan but wasn't completed until 1655 under Emperor Murad IV.
Hvaaitt haaus/vaastuklaakaa shailiihruu hvaaitt haaus/vaastuklaakaa shailiihruu hvaaitt haaus/vaastuklaakaa shailiihruu? The White House is located at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW in Washington, D.C. It is a government office building that has been the home of every U.S. president since 1792. The current building was constructed in 1814-1838 according to a design by American architect Benjamin Henry Latrobe.
The house and grounds that now make up the White House were originally part of a plantation owned by Colonel William Fitzhugh. In 1791, the colonel sold his property on which the house stands to John Tayloe II for $10,000 and permission to build on it. The Tayloes built their own house nearby and rented out rooms to farmers who worked the land.
In 1814, during the War of 1812, the federal government took over the house and land as compensation for losing ships to pirates. Since then, it has been used exclusively by each president as a residence while in office.
The current exterior of the White House was designed by British architect Sir Christopher Wren and is made of limestone from Maryland and Virginia.
Gobekli Tepe is a vast, ancient Turkish temple made up of pillars grouped into large stone rings. The pillars are adorned with complex carvings of lions, scorpions, and vultures that spiral around their sides, but they are more than simply pieces of art. They are functional: the pillars were probably used as bases to which to attach ropes so that animals could be driven in from outside.
The original function of these pillars is not known, but they may have been used for religious purposes. They are located near modern day Turkey's southern coast and are thought to date back to about 5,500 years ago. Although they are over 2,000 years older than Stonehenge, they are unique in that they represent the first large-scale architecture built without any metal tools. All the cutting tools used at Gobekli Tepe are made of hard stone.
There are several theories about why people might have built Gobekli Tepe. Some believe it was created as an altar to worship some unknown god, while others think it was designed for some kind of ritual ceremony. However, no one knows for sure what purpose the pillars were built for because there are no signs of destruction or damage around them.
In addition to being very old, Gobekli Tepe is also very unique.
Despite various architectural alterations, the mosque as a whole remains primarily an open room, often roofed over, with a mihrab and a minbar, and sometimes a minaret added to it. The mihrab is the niche in which the imam stands during prayers; it is usually located at the point on the wall opposite where the Ka'ba, the holiest shrine in Islam, is located. The minbar is a pulpit from which the Imam delivers speeches after Friday prayers.
The architecture of the mosque reflects the historical and cultural influences surrounding its construction. For example, medieval mosques tended to be very large, with many rooms for prayer spaces and congregational halls. Ottoman mosques were generally smaller but more elegant, with beautiful tile work and wooden beams. Modern mosques have used concrete and glass as building materials, which can be seen in places like the Great Mosque of Mecca (the largest mosque in the world by volume).
There are several different types of mosques. They are defined by what kind of religious function they perform: prayer space, community center, or memorial. Prayer spaces include mosques, churches, synagogues, and temples. These structures hold worship services and provide sanctuaries for prayer. Community centers include ummahs (Arab for "groups") where many mosques will be grouped together for social functions such as weddings or baptisms.