Even the larger Georgian houses had a basic and boxy design. Apart from the basic worker's terrace house, modest Victorian dwellings became increasingly elaborate with amenities such as porches and bay windows. The more affluent also added on upper floors, usually with separate bedrooms and bathrooms.
Georgian houses had high-peaked roofs with flat or slightly sloping ceilings. The walls were made of wood or brick, with some stone used for decorative purposes. Floors were made of wood or carpet. There was usually only one bathroom per household. In wealthier homes, there might be another small room called a morning room or parlor that had a separate door to enter it by. This was used for sitting down after a night on the town or in court proceedings.
Victorian houses had similar designs to Georgian ones but with wider openings and more ornate millwork. They were also usually two stories high with an attic storeroom above. By adding on rooms, the Victorian homeowner could increase the amount of living space within his budget! Windows were often large and open, allowing in lots of light but also letting in bugs and heat during summer months. Some homes had glass walls instead! Doors were usually made of wood with a paneled interior. Windows were held shut by wooden latches or bolts.
Say it aloud: "Pause." Just before Victoria's reign, rolled plate glass debuted, making sash window panes substantially bigger. By 1837, nearly all houses in cities were built as detached houses on large parcels of land. In smaller towns and rural areas, townhouses and villas were also common.
Georgian architecture is known for its simplicity and practicality, while Victorian architecture is regarded as more ornamental and luxurious. But both these styles of house share several characteristics: they are usually single-story buildings with symmetrical façades, have a front door with sidelights and a fanlight, and include a basement or ground floor garage. The term "American Colonial" is often used to describe both Georgian and Victorian houses, but that term is also used for much more elaborate structures. American colonists brought with them many ideas about house styling from Europe, so these two types of houses are very similar to what you might see in England or France.
The Georgian style emerged around 1720 and quickly became popular across Britain. It was based on simple cubic forms with flat roofs, four square corners, and upright piano nobile (noble floor) rooms. Windows were typically made of glass, but wooden shutters were used instead. Ceilings were low and walls were unplastered.
Terraced housing was ubiquitous before the Victorian era, contrary to popular opinion, with many Georgian buildings in London built inside a terrace. The Victorians improved on this design by adding upper floors and new rooms within the existing houses, creating more spacious homes for their families.
They were also much cheaper to build than single-family homes, which is probably why they were used so widely. A terrace of four similar houses cost about the same as a house with a garden, but you could rent out the extra rooms if needed. In fact, some Victorian landlords even took advantage of this by listing their properties as terraces even though they were only one story high - it made them more attractive to potential tenants who might not want to pay for a basement suite.
In addition, people didn't worry as much about privacy in those days so houses were often built close together, with yards between each property. This is why most historic photographs show busy streets full of townhouses - that's what we can still find in cities around the world today. Even in London, where single-family homes are now the norm, you'll often still see groups of these smaller houses built up against each other under one roof.
Throughout the colonies, Georgian and Colonial mansions were constructed. They were symmetrical rectangle-shaped houses. They often featured windows that were positioned both vertically and horizontally across the front. The size of these houses varied but most were between 30 and 50 feet long and 15 to 20 feet wide. Some had larger rooms than others, but overall they were modest dwellings.
The location of these houses was important because they were used as models for new settlements. Builders copied the features they liked, modified them according to local conditions, and then built more homes like their original. These copies became known as "subsequent quarters."
Georgian and Colonial mansions were made out of brick or wood. The bricks or boards used for construction were obtained from building sites that were being developed by settlers during the early days of the colony. These materials were then used to build homes that would withstand the elements for many years to come.
These buildings could also be found painted white with black shutters or colored in other ways for aesthetic purposes. Sometimes even tents were used as housing during the early days of settlement when no else was around to complain about noise pollution or appearance.
Even though Georgian and Colonial mansions were relatively small, simple, and easy to build, they still required a lot of effort and time.
What are the distinguishing features of a Georgian home? Townhouses were built on three or four stories. Sash windows with smaller panes: tall windows on the first and second stories, and smaller windows on the third and fourth floors. The façade is symmetrical and flat, with a balanced internal arrangement. The roof is usually low-pitched and covered in shingles or tiles.
Georgian homes had large front yards with gardens. They were built around a central block that included a hall leading to the main rooms on the floor. There were no walls inside the house, only open spaces between the furniture. Ceiling heights were very high for this time period: 12 feet or more in most houses. Windows were mostly glass, with some wooden shutters for privacy. Floors were made of wood, usually oak, and often have scars from years of use because they were not replaced when they became worn out.
The style changed in the 18th century when French architects came to Georgia to work on the courts of King George II and III. They brought with them new ideas about architecture and interior design which influenced future generations of builders. By the 19th century, Georgian styles had become outdated and were being replaced by other trends such as Romanticism and Victorian Era decor. However, many old townhouses in historic districts across Georgia remain true to the original design because developers who bought these properties wanted to protect the appearance of the area.