Between the external material and the drywall on the inside of a house constructed on a frame are wooden studs. This is the most prevalent style of home building. A masonry home features brick or cement block between the external material and the inner drywall. These structures are used primarily in areas that get cold or have harsh weather conditions.
Masonry homes are more energy efficient than frame houses because there are no wood frames that need to be heated or cooled during winter or summer. The bricks or blocks used for construction should be able to retain heat in winter and not lose much if any heat in summer.
Frame houses rely on air flow through open spaces between the studs to keep them cool in summer and warm in winter. The fewer holes there are in the siding in order for the house to look nice, the smaller the airflow will be. Openings such as windows and doors allow heat to escape in summer and cold to enter in winter. If a frame house was made with 2-by-4's instead of 2-by-6's, it would take up less space and could be built into the side of a hill or mountain where there is little chance of snow drift blowing across the surface area of the roof that faces into the wind.
It is not known how walls are built. Wood is the most prevalent material used in house frame in the United States. Regionally, though, steel and concrete are used. Concrete barriers will be built in southern locations, owing to storms and termites. They are also used as a form of street furniture and for roadwork.
Concrete consists of water and cement, with various additives to improve its workability, durability, or other properties. It is estimated that it takes about 30 truckloads of sand and gravel, and 2 million gallons of water to make one yard of concrete. The cost of concrete is relatively low compared to other building materials because it is easy to mix in a portable mixer truck unit and it cures (or hardens) within an hour or two. However, this same advantage makes it difficult to remove from place to place during construction.
Walls can be constructed with concrete blocks, bricks, metal sheets, or wood panels. Block walls are generally constructed by stacking large rocks or cinder blocks with the appropriate mortar placed between each block. Bricks are laid out into a pattern and then stacked on a foundation. Metal sheet walls are manufactured in standard sizes and shapes and usually include multiple sheets separated by joints for air circulation. These walls can be painted to match any home's exterior color scheme. Finally, wood walls are constructed using wooden frames covered in panels made of fiberglass or vinyl.
Many homes feature stud-built wall frames. These are vertical pieces of wood or metal that are spaced tightly apart to create the framing of a wall. The spaces between the studs are then filled with padding and/'technical materials, such as insulation or drywall, to deaden sound.
The studs may be made of wood or metal. Metal studs are more commonly used in commercial construction because they're easier to install and provide better insulation than wooden studs can. However, wood studs are cheaper and less intrusive when you want to paint or otherwise decorate a room that contains them.
Metal stud walls are usually insulated with loose-fill fiberglass batting or spray-painted foam on the interior. Wood stud walls are often insulated with closed-cell spray polyurethane foam.
Both types of walls can be finished in plaster or drywall. If you want to add warmth to your home during the winter months, metal or wood framing allows for easy installation of fiber-optic cable or heat tape without having to cut any holes in the wall.
Wood is the most common material for stud walls because it's affordable and easy to work with. Wood also absorbs sound well if you plan to use it for closet doors or other hollow objects.
Figure 4.12: A home is constructed from solid pieces that are joined to form a frame. The walls and roof form a protective shell around the frame. Designers evaluate a structure's shape and purpose, as well as the forces that operate on it. They may also consider the material used to construct the building and any additional features, such as windows and doors.
The basic parts of a house include the foundation, beams, floors, ceilings, plumbing, heating, and air conditioning/electrical systems. The designer must take these elements into account when planning the layout of the house. She or he will also decide what materials should be used for construction and how they should be connected together.
House designs vary greatly depending on location, personal taste, and budget. Some houses have many identical rooms with just a different arrangement of furniture inside them; others have one large open space with several divisions for storing things. Many houses have more than one floor!
In conclusion, a house is a type of building that provides protection and shelter for people. It consists of a framework of beams and columns attached to a wall or a floor, with outer walls and a roof applied to it. Houses can be made of many different materials, but they usually consist of boards or bricks for their walls and frames for their roofs. They can also be made of stone, metal, or plastic.
The following are examples of several types of walls used in building construction: