Victorian Country Houses While many upper-class homeowners used brick and stone to build Queen Anne homes, many of the middle class used inexpensive dimensional lumber, including design aspects from Queen Anne homes, Gothic Revival, and even Eastlake-style gingerbread embellishments. These houses were commonly called "two-story shacks" or "picnic cottages."
The term "Queen Anne style" was first used by English writer and architect Henry James who, in 1871, included a description of this type of house in his book French Homes: "The prevailing style in these houses is known as 'Queen Anne,' after their principal feature, which is a gable with cross-timbers and pierced parapets." Although James did not invent the term "Queen Anne style," it became popular because of his description of these houses.
In America, the term "Queen Anne style" was first used in print in 1872 when William A. White wrote an article for Scribner's Magazine titled "American Country Seats: Their Origin and Development." In this article, he describes the style as being "characterized by its gables and cross-beams." He also mentions the lack of centralization of weight in American country houses compared with their British counterparts.
There are two main types of Queen Anne houses: those with single gables and those with double gables.
Wood, particularly shingles, is an excellent material that is frequently seen in these sorts of structures. The Folk Victorian architectural style is distinguished by an enthralling blend of Victorian romanticism, classic English cottage, and, in an excellent contribution, the American homestead style. This last influence can be seen in the use of natural materials such as wood and stone for exterior and interior decoration.
The Victorian era saw a huge increase in wealth, which led to a surge in construction projects around the world. One of the main features of the Folk Victorian style is its emphasis on quality and craftsmanship. These buildings tend to be larger and more elaborate than their 18th-century counterparts but also more affordable to build. They are known for their decorative elements including siding, window trim, and roofing material. In addition, they often include furniture, rugs, and other household items that would have been found in a wealthy family's home.
There are several types of Victorians including single-family houses, multi-unit dwellings (such as apartments or townhouses), and commercial buildings. Of these, the single-family house is by far the most common type. It tends to be built for either owner-occupants or families with small children. These houses are usually located in close-knit neighborhoods with many similar structures. They often have front gardens and carports/driveways.
Edwardian mansions From 1901 to 1910, the Edwardian era was brief and highly inspired by the Arts and Crafts Movement. In contrast to the smaller, darker Victorian residences, Edwardian dwellings were more squat, larger, and spacious, with wider halls and more windows. They also tended to be built of stone or brick instead of dark wood.
The term "Edwardian" has been applied to many different types of buildings across several different countries. Some examples are listed below:
England: this term is usually used to describe large country houses built between 1901 and 1910. Although some earlier houses may have had certain features in common with those built during this period, such as wide-spreading wings, it is possible to identify other characteristics that set them apart from their predecessors. For example, the new houses did not have upper floors nor did they have basement kitchens.
France: these are large luxury hotels built in the early 20th century in neighborhoods like Saint-Germain-des-Prés and Montmartre. They often feature fine art and antique furniture inside.
Germany: these are large department stores built around the same time as the English Edwardians. They tend to be very ornate with decorative paintings and gilded fixtures.
Italy: these are large public offices built during the reign of King Umberto I (1878-1907).
The Costs A Queen Anne cottage in need of repair sells for around $250,000, and a bigger Victorian-era house in need of repair may be had for as low as $260,000. In good condition, arts and crafts homes range in price from $240,000 to $500,000.
What is so great about Queen Anne style? It is the culmination of all that is best about America: its colonial heritage, its commitment to the Arts, and its love of nature. The Queen Anne style began in Boston around 1820 and spread from there, so most Queen Annes are found in Massachusetts or New York.
Even though they are called "colonial" houses, few Queen Annes were actually built before 1800. They seem old because they were built of wood, which grows more interesting with age. Wood is also very flexible and can be easily shaped to look like stone or brick. One of the earliest Queen Annes was built in 1765 in Braintree, Massachusetts.
There are three main features of a Queen Anne house: gables, overhangs, and shingles. Gables are triangular panels on the roof that come together at the peak, where a finial usually stands. They provide extra shade during hot summers and help keep out snow in winter. Overhangs are the curved parts of the roof that hang over the walls of the house.
Edwardian Fashion (1901–1918) Edwardian houses are clearly distinguished from Victorian and Georgian houses because they are often constructed on bigger, lush plots. Because the inhabitants of these mansions had less need for staff, Edwardian homes were frequently substantially shorter than corresponding Victorian homes. They also featured narrower windows and fewer interior doors; instead there were just one or two large openings called "ports". The exteriors of these houses were usually painted white, although other colors were available if the owner chose to pay more for them. In addition, they sometimes included decorative elements such as carved woodwork or even stained-glass windows.
Victorian Fashion (1837–1901) Houses built during this era tend to be larger and more sprawling than their Edwardian counterparts. There are several reasons why Victorian houses tended to be larger: first, as mentioned, they were built to accommodate a lot of servants; second, the owners of these houses often used up half their profits selling firewood to support the war effort; and third, the architects of these houses felt that a large house was better because it kept its occupants cooler in the summer and warmer in the winter.
Georgian Fashion (1714–1837) These days, most people think of Georgian houses as being very similar to each other. This is because there was only one style of house during this time period and so all of them look pretty much the same.
Elizabethan homes were built with massive vertical beams. These uprights were frequently supported by diagonal beams. The wattle walls between these timbers were painted with mortar. As a result, the familiar black and white half-timbered homes are possibly the most evocative of this era. Roofs were made of wood, not tile or concrete. They usually had thatch or wooden shingles.
There were no windows in early English buildings. Doors and windows would not appear until about 1550. Glass was expensive and fragile. Windows were mostly made out of wood, with some stone frames but even then they were rarely opened from the inside.
The great hall was the central living area of the home. It usually had a raised platform at one end for the lord and his guests to sit on. Carved oak benches lined the floor around the room. There might be a dais (raised platform) at one end where the lord could display his status and influence. A large fireplace was located here, too. In cold climates, it was common for doors off the great hall to lead to small foyers where coats and hats could be left with servants.
Other important rooms included the kitchen, which was probably located outside in the early days of building houses; the pantry, which was used to store food items such as grains and meats; and the buttery, which was used to store wine and other beverages.