Terrazzo The Rotunda's floor, as well as the majority of the Capitol's flooring, are composed of terrazzo. Terrazzo is a form of mosaic flooring that is created by embedding tiny pieces of marble or granite in mortar and then polishing them to a brilliant and shining finish. The word "terrazzo" comes from the Latin for land covered with marble chips.
The rotunda was built between 1856 and 1861 by the Federal government as part of its new capital city, Washington D.C. It was designed by Thomas Jefferson Davis, who also designed the dome for the United States Capitol building. The rotunda is an octagonal room with a domed ceiling made of hand-hammered copper covered with gold leaf. Inside the dome are twenty-seven large panels painted by American artist John Quincy Adams Ward with scenes taken from U.S. history and public figures.
Outside the dome on the west side of the rotunda is another mosaic created by J.A. Woollcott entitled "Industry and Art." This mosaic illustrates various aspects of civilization including science, technology, literature, and politics before and after Jesus Christ's birth. At the end of each sentence in the mosaic, coins are placed to illustrate the progress of mankind.
Words can be seen engraved around the edge of the coin boxes: "Science, Technology, Industry, Commerce," etc.
The floors of the capitol's interior are built of Moravian tiles from Henry Chapman Mercer's Doylestown studio. Visitors who wish to see more can take a tour of the Capitol's interior as well as its grounds. The building is open daily from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.
The capitol's exterior is sheathed in Welsh dolomite, with sandstone used for trim work and window sills. The original cost of construction was estimated at $1 million ($ today). It was completed in 1857 after only seven years of work. The General Assembly then moved into its new home, renaming the city of Harrisburg "Harrisburg-Daisy."
Today, visitors can walk on the floor of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives during session days. The Senate chamber is not open to the public. However, an exhibit on the first floor examines the history of legislation and parliamentary procedure through photographs and other media.
The capitol's dome was designed by Thomas U. Walter and constructed by the Schuylkill Iron Company. It was finished in 1860 at a cost of $300,000 ($3.5 million $ today). The dome is actually made up of three shells that are all tied together at the top. Each shell is made of iron with wood framing inside.
Marble The State Capitol's exterior is built of white Georgia marble and St. Cloud granite. Within, the building is decorated with many examples of fine craftsmanship: marble floors, wood paneling, brass fixtures, and stained glass windows.
The Minnesota State Capitol was designed by William G. Preston and built between 1871 and 1875. It is a replica of the British Parliament in London, England. The state capitol was named after Isaac M. Skinner, who served as governor from 1872 to 1874.
In Minnesota, the official name of any person or thing that serves as a symbol of authority or power is called a "title". The people who built the Minnesota State Capitol believed that it should serve as a symbol of authority for the government they had adopted for their state. So, they chose to call it the "Capitol", like the one in Washington, D.C.
No, not every state has a capital.
The Rotunda is a massive, domed, circular space at the heart of the United States Capitol. The current appearance of the United States Capitol Rotunda is the product of two major construction operations. The first phase began in 1856 and was not completed until 1866. The second phase began in 1939 and was not finished until 2000.
The Rotunda is an impressive structure with walls that are over 27 feet high and a dome that is 90 feet in diameter. It is surrounded by a ring of columns that support a gallery running around the entire interior perimeter of the building. The ground floor consists of nine large chambers, each one dedicated to the enactment of federal legislation. The Senate meets in the East Room while the House meets in the West Room. Both rooms are open for public viewing but only members of Congress are allowed inside.
You can walk through both rooms in about five minutes. But if you want to see everything there is to see, plan on spending some time here!
The United States Capitol is one of Washington D.C's most popular attractions with over 5 million people visiting each year. There are several ways to get close up views of the Rotunda and its artwork; a tour guide is your best bet. However, if you want to see it all by yourself, don't worry about getting lost!