What is the purpose of the United States Capitol? The meeting chambers of the Senate (in the north wing) and the Host of Representatives (in the south wing) of the United States Capitol Building house the two entities that comprise the legislative arm of the American government. The Congressmen and -women are the voices of their constituents, voting on bills before them. The Speaker of the House is the political leader of the majority party and can make or break a president's agenda. The President, in turn, can influence Congress by making appointments or threatening to veto legislation.
The building is also home to many offices of the executive branch of the federal government, including that of the President. The President lives in the West Wing while his staff works in various rooms throughout the building. Other important offices include that of the Vice President, who serves as President of the Senate (but does not vote); the Secretary of State, who manages the day-to-day operations of the Department of State; and the Attorney General, who provides legal advice to the President and all other officers of the United States. There are also several independent agencies that do not report directly to the President, including the Federal Communications Commission, which regulates radio, television, and telecommunications services; the National Labor Relations Board, which governs labor relations for most private employers in the United States; and the Securities and Exchange Commission, which enforces federal securities laws.
Each has its own presiding officer who is elected by their colleagues.
The Capitol was built between 1792 and 1856. The House and Senate chambers were completed within eight years of each other. The exterior of both buildings is composed of white marble from Mount Vernon, Virginia. The interior walls of both houses are painted red, white, or blue to reflect the political affiliation of their occupants.
Each chamber has a speaker whose role is to lead discussions on the floor of the house or senate. Current speakers are not required to be members of the House or Senate; however, most speakers have some connection to politics or leadership within their parties. Some recent speakers include: John Boehner for the House, Paul Ryan for the House, and Charles Schumer and Harry Reid for the Senate.
Both chambers have several committees that deal with issues before them in committees. These committees may hold hearings, receive evidence, and issue reports on bills and resolutions. Their findings can also influence the direction of legislation through markup meetings where committee members can propose changes to bills.
House rules allow any member of Congress to bring up a motion to discharge a committee.
The United States Capitol is one of the most iconic and aesthetically significant structures in the country. For almost two centuries, it has held the meeting rooms of the House of Representatives and the Senate. The Capitol, which began construction in 1793, has gone through several phases. The current building was designed by American architect Henry Hobson Richardson and completed in 1855.
Its neoclassical design features large blocks of white Vermont marble and an imposing bronze statue of George Washington on his horse, Liberty. The interior of the Capitol is decorated with paintings by American artists including John James Audubon, Gilbert Stuart, and Emanuel Leutze.
The Capitol is a national landmark and a common symbol for democracy. It is also notable for its impressive grounds and gardens, which cover more than 40 acres (16 hectares). These include a tree-lined avenue called the Long Mall that runs for more than a mile between the Capitol and the President's House. The National Garden, located next to the President's House, contains memorials and monuments including the World War II Memorial and the Korean War Veterans' Memorial.
The Capitol's dome can be seen from many miles around, making it a popular spot for photographers. In addition, the grounds contain more than 9,000 plants, including 400 species of trees. The Congressional Gardens are open daily except when in use for a legislative session.
The Capitol Structure Washington, D.C.'s Capitol Hill The United States Capitol, often known as The Capitol or the Capitol Building, is the meeting location of the United States Congress and the seat of the United States federal government's legislative branch. It is located at 1 Constitution Avenue NW, in Washington, D.C.
The building is an architectural masterpiece by American architect Henry Hobson Richardson. Construction on the foundation for what would become America's national cathedral was begun in 1792 under President George Washington, but was not completed until 1856. The U.S. Senate has used its current home, a Gothic Revival structure designed by Thomas Jefferson, since March 3, 1800. The House of Representatives has used the Capitol since December 16, 1801.
The grounds of the Capitol are the largest in area of any congressional district in the country. They cover more than 2 million square feet (180,000 m²) and extend about a quarter of a mile (400 m) along Pennsylvania Avenue. In addition to the Capitol building, they contain many other important buildings such as the Library of Congress, the Supreme Court, and numerous administrative offices. Across from the Capitol building is the National Mall, which stretches for more than a mile between Independence Avenue and Constitution Avenue, NW. The mall is a popular site for protests, celebrations, and official events. A statue of Abraham Lincoln stands in front of the Lincoln Memorial on the mall.
The United States Capitol, often known as the Capitol Building, is the meeting location of the United States Congress and the seat of the United States federal government's legislative branch. It is located on Capitol Hill in Washington, D.C., near the eastern extremity of the National Mall. Though it is no longer located in the federal district's physical center, the Capitol serves as the starting point for the district's transportation system. The current capitol was built from 1792 to 1800 by Henry Hobson and John G. Skinner; it replaced an earlier capitol destroyed by fire in 1814. The current building was extensively remodeled between 1816 and 1824 in the Greek Revival style by Benjamin Henry Latrobe. In 2005, Congress authorized $140 million in repairs and renovations to the Capitol.
The United States Capitol is a large complex consisting of a number of buildings arranged on a rectangular plan around a central lawn. The largest single structure within the grounds is the U.S. Capitol Building itself, which measures 756 feet (230 m) long and 340 feet (105 m) wide. It is composed of three parts: the Senate Wing, the House Wing, and the Supreme Court Wing. Adjacent to the Capitol Building are two other major structures: the Congressional Office Buildings, which contain the offices of members of Congress and their staffs; and the Hart Senate Office Building, which houses the offices of senators. Farther east on Capitol Hill is the Library of Congress, one of the world's largest libraries.