The United States Capitol is one of the most aesthetically significant and symbolically significant structures in the world. For almost two centuries, it has held the Senate and House of Representatives meeting rooms. The current Congress is in its fifth session in this building, which was completed in 1800.
It is a monumental three-story brick building with a basement, designed by Thomas Jefferson, who also designed the University of Virginia at Charlottesville where it is now located. The site was originally selected because it was expected that future states might join together to form a larger country called Americantown. But when no other countries joined America, the site became obsolete and was abandoned. The federal government took possession of the site and has maintained it as a place for important meetings and discussions about policies for our entire nation.
Inside the Capitol, you will find the Hall of Representatives, which is used for public hearings and debates on issues before the Congress; the Senate Chamber, which is the room where senators meet to vote on legislation and hear from ambassadors and other guests; and the Crypt, which is a large room below the floor of the Senate Chamber where George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, and other presidents are buried.
There are eight other buildings on the Capitol grounds, each unique in design and purpose.
The United States Capitol Building The United States Capitol, the world's most renowned emblem of democratic governance, has hosted Congress since 1800. The current Capitol, which was built from 1792 to 1856, is a National Historic Landmark. The U.S. Capitol is located at 1 Independence Ave. SE. It is accessible from 1st Street SE by free parking or with any form of public transportation. There are also tour options available for groups of 20 or more.
In addition to housing Congress, the Capitol is also the meeting place of the President of the United States and of other world leaders when they conduct business with Congress. The House and Senate chambers are located on different floors of the Capitol, with each chamber having its own lobby, gallery, and address. The Supreme Court of the United States also uses the Capitol as its main courthouse.
You can take a guided tour of the Capitol that includes the Senate Chamber, the House Chamber, and the Rotunda. Tour tickets include admission to all federal buildings on the tour, including the Library of Congress, the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of American History, and the National Portrait Gallery. The tour lasts approximately two hours and 15 minutes. Children under 12 years old are allowed on the tour without a paid adult companion.
What is the purpose of the United States Capitol? The meeting chambers of the Senate (in the north wing) and the Host of Representatives (in the south wing) of the United States Capitol Building house the two entities that comprise the legislative arm of the American government. The Congressmen and -women are the representatives of the people who live in their states. They vote on all laws and resolutions proposed by their state governments. The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the House, but he does not vote on any matters before the House. The President of the Senate is responsible for calling votes on issues before the Senate, but he does not vote himself. The Vice President serves as a tie-breaker if there is a deadlock between the Senate and the House on an issue before them.
The halls outside the chambers are decorated with portraits of former members of Congress from both sides of the aisle, while the walls inside the rooms are covered with paintings and statues honoring those who have served over the years.
The Capitol was built between 1792 and 1795 to a design by Thomas Jefferson, who also wrote most of the legislation used to pay for it. The original structure had only one floor, but this was later added. In 1856-1857, the second story was completely removed and the interior remodeled. The current appearance of the building dates from this renovation.
The United States Capitol, the world's most renowned emblem of democratic governance, has hosted Congress since 1800. The Capitol is where Congress gathers to establish our nation's laws, as well as where presidents are sworn in and make their yearly State of the Union addresses. The building also contains numerous museums and memorials that highlight different periods in U.S. history.
The current Capitol was built between 1792 and 1816. The architect was Thomas Jefferson who also designed the original Federal Hall in New York City where George Washington was inaugurated as the first president of the United States. The exterior of the Capitol is composed of white marble from Mount Vernon and Virginia Beach. Inside the Senate Chamber are two huge paintings by American artist John Trumbull that depict events from the Revolutionary War.
The House of Representatives meets in a similar chamber on the other side of the floor. This room too is decorated with large-scale paintings by Trumbull that show scenes from American history. One painting shows the signing of the Declaration of Independence while another depicts the Battle of New Orleans after it had been won by General Andrew Jackson.
In addition to these main chambers, the Capitol houses many other offices and rooms used for different purposes. There is a cloakroom for visitors located on the ground floor of the East Wing.