The cathedral of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Sao Paulo, Brazil (Portuguese: Catedral Metropolitana, or Catedral da Se de Sao Paulo) is the seat of ecclesiastical power of a bishop or archbishop. It is located on Rua do Catarinense at the top of Terreiro do Paissandu in the city's downtown and was built between 1872 and 1889 to neoclassical design by Italian architect Antonio Innocenti. The cathedral is an example of Italian-influenced architecture with elements of Brazilian colonial style.
It is the largest church in Latin America and one of the largest in the world by area. The tower is 310 feet high and the nave has 157 feet between pillars. The main altar was designed by Luciano Carrió and is made of green Brazilian marble. There are also two other altars in the cathedral: one is dedicated to the Sacred Heart of Jesus and another to the Assumption of Mary.
The construction of the cathedral was initiated by Bishop Sebastião Tonho Gomes but was completed more than a decade before his death in 1889. He is buried in the cathedral under a magnificent white stone sarcophagus designed by Antonino Lecca. In 2001, Pope John Paul II issued a decree making the cathedral a major basilica.
Catedral Nossa Senhora da Conceicao Peri in Abaetetuba is a Roman Catholic Church cathedral in Brazil. St. Paul the Apostle Co-Cathedral in Sao Paulo de Olivenca. It is also known as Christ Cathedral because it is the seat of the Metropolitan Archdiocese of São Paulo.
It was built between 1872 and 1889 to celebrate the country's birthday. The main altar was designed by Antonino Scilla and is made of green jasper with gold accents. It has images of Jesus, Mary, John the Baptist, Peter and Paul. There are also paintings by Brazilian artists Leopoldo Torrezzi and Pedro Amézaga.
The tower has 72 steps leading up to the top where there is an elevator for people with disabilities. You can take in view of the city from above. At night, the interior is illuminated by thousands of lights.
Location: 25 km (16 miles) south of Brasília, Federal District. Open daily 8am-6pm. $3 admission fee.
The Montevideo Metropolitan Cathedral (Spanish: Catedral Metropolitana de Montevideo) is the city's primary Roman Catholic cathedral and the seat of the archbishop of Montevideo. It is located directly in front of the Cabildo, across Constitution Square, in the Ciudad Vieja district. The current building dates from 1876-1877 after a design by Spanish architect Juan Martínez Montañés.
The cathedral is a large, white stone structure with green accents and features a tall spire. It is the most prominent building in the city and is visible for many miles around. The interior of the cathedral is decorated with paintings by Uruguayan artists Eusebio Gómez and Joaquín Torres García as well as scenes from Jesus' life and other religious topics. There are also two other chapels inside the cathedral: one dedicated to St. Francis de Sales and another to St. Joseph.
The cathedral is open daily from 8:30 am to 6:00 pm except during Mass times or special events. Free admission is allowed, but donations are welcome.
For those interested in learning more about Uruguay's Catholic history, there is a good museum located near the cathedral called the Museo del Arte Religioso (Religious Art Museum). It has exhibits on church painting, sculpture, and architecture from the 17th century to the present day.
Metropolitan Cathedral of Buenos Aires The Buenos Aires Metropolitan Cathedral (Spanish: Catedral Metropolitana de Buenos Aires) is the city's primary Catholic cathedral. It lies in the San Nicolas district, on the junction of San Martin and Rivadavia streets, facing Plaza de Mayo. The current building was constructed between 1869 and 1914 to a design by French architect Charles-Édouard Jeanneret-Gris.
The first church built on this site was destroyed by fire in 1595. This was followed by another church, which was also destroyed by fire in 1771. The third church, built in its present form, was consecrated in 1856. It has been declared a historic monument by the government of Argentina.
The current bishop of Buenos Aires is Mario Poli, who was appointed by Pope Francis in 2014. He previously served as auxiliary bishop of Milan from 2001 to 2014. Before that, he was archbishop of Turin from 1995 to 2001.
Buenos Aires has several other important cathedrals: Basilica Menor de Santa María del Rosario (1726), Basílica Menor de Nuestra Señora de Luján (1810), and Basílica Menor de Santo Domingo (1820).
The Metropolitan Cathedral, or Catedral Metropolitana, is one of Mexico City's most stunning churches and took more than 150 years to build. While the outside of this 17th-century building is stunning, the interior is much more so. Inside, visitors may view a collection of artworks going back to the colonial era. There are also several other museums inside the cathedral compound.
The exterior of the cathedral is an example of Mexican baroque architecture, while the interior features examples of Churrigueresque and Plateresque style. The main altar was designed by Francisco de Mora y Aragón and made from silver and gold wood inlay. It has images of the Virgen de Guadalupe, Christ on the cross and John Paul II among others.
The cathedral is located in Mexico City's central plaza, which is surrounded by some of the city's most important buildings. This church is one of the largest in Mexico City and can hold up to 5,000 people.
It is popularly believed that this cathedral was built as a replacement for a previous structure that was destroyed during the Spanish invasion of Mexico. In fact, there were two cathedrals previously built in Mexico City: One at the site where the current cathedral is now and another one a few blocks away from the first one. Both of them were destroyed during the invasion and nothing remains today of either one of them.
The cathedral is the church in which a residential bishop holds his formal seat or throne, the cathedra, in Christian churches that follow an episcopal system of church governance. Cathedral churches are of varying levels of dignity. The simplest type is a parish church, which is usually not considered worthy to contain even the modest remains of a saintly person. It may have a stone altar with a wooden cross on it, but that's about all that can be found within its walls.
A church with some honor is called an abbey or monastery, meaning "house of prayer" and indicating that it is where monks or nuns live out their religious lives in community. These institutions would often have been large, elaborate buildings with many rooms and courtyards. They would also typically have had administrative offices, storerooms, refectories, and other necessities for living gathered together around a central square. Even though they no longer contain any monks or nuns, these churches are still important sites for worship because they are used by local Christians as places of prayer and reflection.
A church with more distinction is called a cathedral. This term comes from the Latin word for "city hall," because during medieval times cities were the centers of Christianity. Cathedrals usually occupy the capital city of a region or state.