The Djoser Pyramid This ancient pyramid predates the Great Pyramid of Giza by hundreds of years and is the world's oldest still-standing stone structure. This step pyramid is thought to have been erected between 2667 and 2648 BC for Pharaoh Djoser of Egypt's third dynasty. It stands 48 meters (157 feet) high and has a base of about 330 meters (1,045 feet). The pyramid was originally painted red, but now is mostly black because of damage caused by rain and wind over time.
The Great Wall of China Although built with stone, most scholars consider the Great Wall to be a massive human creation. It dates back at least 2,500 years before Christ and was built as a defense wall against invaders from outside of China. The wall stretches for more than 6,000 miles from north to south and covers an area larger than Europe. In its entirety, it is estimated to be about 20 feet thick at its tallest point and 16 feet at its lowest.
The Hanging Temple of Bali This ancient temple complex is located in the village of Mendut on the island of Bali, Indonesia. It was built around 500 AD by the Buddhist Sailendra kingdom of Indonesia. The complex includes a large temple with five chambers, two smaller temples, and a sacred tree called a banyan tree. The hanging temple is made of wood and covered with layers of plaster and paint.
The Djoser Pyramid was built in Saqqara, Egypt, between 2630 BC and 2611 BC as a tomb for Pharaoh Djoser (or Zoser). Although it is the world's oldest intact large-scale stone edifice, it is frequently overshadowed by Egypt's most famous pyramids. The Djoser Pyramid is also unique because it is the only royal tomb to remain undecorated.
In terms of volume, it is less than half as big as the Great Pyramid of Giza. However, it is much taller - about 35 meters (115 feet) vs. 28 meters (92 feet) - and thus has more than twice the area. The pyramid was originally painted red, but now mostly consists of dark grey limestone with some black granite fragments. It is considered one of the masterpieces of ancient Egyptian architecture. The entire project involved removing at least 2.5 million cubic meters of material (more than 10,000,000 cu ft or 2500,000 m3) and probably more. This would have required more than 1000 workers over a period of 20 years.
It is estimated that the Djoser Pyramid took 20,000 man-hours to build. This would be equivalent to about 4,900 men working for a full year without any breaks. Like many other ancient monuments, such as the Pyramids of Giza, it is believed to have been built by conscripted labor rather than paid employees.
The Pyramid of Djoser, also known as Zoser, is commonly regarded as the world's oldest pyramid. It was built in 2630 BCE, whereas the Great Pyramid of Giza was built some 70 years later, around 2560 BCE. However, both structures are believed to have been designed by the same architect, and so they can be considered contemporary. The Pyramid of Djoser was not only much smaller than the Great Pyramid of Giza, but it was also used for ceremonial purposes rather than as a tomb for the dead. It is estimated that the structure was destroyed about 394 CE by an earthquake or landslide.
Pyramids were originally constructed for religious reasons by ancient Egyptians. They were used as tombs for pharaohs and important officials of their time. There are two types of pyramids: those with flat tops (such as Djoser's) and those with pointed tops (like Giza's). Although most modern scholars agree that the Pyramid of Djoser was used for ritual purposes, others believe it could have been intended for practical purposes such as building materials or even as a lighthouse. No one knows for sure why it was built or what happened to its original occupant.
The first ruler to order the construction of a pyramid was King Menkaure, who lived approximately 3600 years ago. His tomb is today located in El-Ahwat, outside of Cairo.
A broad picture of Djoser's step pyramid at Egypt's Saqqara necropolis, south of Cairo, on March 5, 2020. The 4,700-year-old step pyramid, erected for the third dynasty's king Djoser in the 27th century B.C., is the world's oldest stone monument of its scale. It was built using millions of stones that were dragged from far away, such as Lebanon and Syria. In addition to being a monumental tomb, Djoser also ordered that his body be placed in a wooden sarcophagus and interred in the pyramid.
In fact, it is both a pyramid and a step pyramid. A pyramid is a mound of earth or stone with a roof made of sheets of stone or clay, used as a burial site. A step pyramid has multiple stages, each one composed of a flat platform supported by steps, resulting in an overall upward slope. The Egyptians called this style of building "the work of the king who does great things."
Djoser is regarded as the first true architect in history because he designed and constructed his own palace and tombs. His work showed that ancient Egyptians were capable of designing buildings for practical purposes, such as housing bodies after they died. They also created ways to transport large blocks of stone long distances from quarries to construction sites.
Egypt's ancient pyramids were erected many years ago. Giza's ancient pyramids Ancient Egypt was one of history's biggest global powers. The Pyramid of Djoser, the earliest ancient pyramid, dated from roughly 2670 BCE. It was followed by that of King Khufu (or Khenoprohfui), also known as Cheops, which is the largest stone structure ever built by humans approximately 491 feet (150 m) high. This pyramid is also considered the first true pyramid because it had a flat top without any decorations. It was designed by Khufu and built using slave labor.
The third king to have a pyramid was Khafre. He too built his pyramid at Giza. Like its predecessor, this pyramid is also called a "true" pyramid because it has a smooth surface without any sculptures or decoration. It is estimated that it was built around 2490 BCE.
After these three pyramids there are no more ancient pyramids until about 500 years later. In 2001, researchers discovered a pyramid that is believed to be approximately 1,500 years old. It was built for an Egyptian ruler who lived around 2400-2350 BCE. His name was Kanopic Pyramid and it is located near Gizeh on the outskirts of Cairo.