Almond form Radial prestressing wires are tied to the roof's exterior edge all around the stadium and the great arch on one side and the roof's inner edge on the other, compressing the latter into an almond form. The PTFE-coated roof membrane allows in 50% of the sunshine while simultaneously providing shade. It has a life expectancy of 15 years.
The stadium is located in Soweto, a large urban area outside of Johannesburg, South Africa. It is named after its principal architect, Moses Mabhida.
It first opened its gates on 5 August 1975 for a soccer match between Bafana Bafana (the national team) and Zimbabwe. The match was part of the 1974 African Cup of Nations. Since then it has become a popular venue for sports events including cricket, rugby, and athletics. Its most famous event is probably the FIFA World Cup which was held in South Africa in 2010. Before that in June 2002, the Women's World Cup final had been played there. In addition, several major league soccer games have been played at the stadium.
Its main claim to fame, however, is as home stadium of University of Johannesburg Jets, who play in the Premier Soccer League. The club moved into their new stadium, Orlando Stadium, in 2008 but Moses Mabhida Stadium remains important to them as a base of operations. The capacity of the stadium is 55,000 people.
The drawings revealed that the roof of the new arena would be supported by 264 radial steel roof trusses extending 50 meters over the top of the stadium in a distinctive style. The design also includes a glass-fronted executive box called the "Blue Corner", which will sit above the main entrance on Fulham Road.
Work on the new stadium is expected to start in the summer of 2011, and it is scheduled to be completed by the beginning of 2015. The club has not announced any public events or games that will be held at the new stadium before it opens its doors in April 2012.
Chelsea have been based at Stamford Bridge since their formation in 1905, when they moved into their first home, North Street Ground, which was located near present-day King's Road Station. The team played their home games in various other locations across London until 1930, when they finally settled in their current home at Wembley Stadium, where they still play today.
Stamford Bridge was built in 1877 by Edward Middleton, a wealthy brewer who also happened to be a supporter of the newly formed Chelsea Football Club. He paid for the construction of the stadium out of his own pocket, but he never received credit from the club or the community because at the time there were no funding mechanisms available for such projects.
Stadium with a retractable roof. The Toronto Blue Jays' major league baseball team plays their home games at the stadium located in Downtown Toronto.
The Rogers Centre opened on April 17, 2009. The $263 million (USD) facility replaces Exhibition Stadium as the home of the Blue Jays. It is the first major league sports venue to be built from the ground up as a state-of-the-art stadium design. The original plan was to have a solar-powered dome over the center field area that would open and close like a garage door, but due to high construction costs this feature was removed before opening day.
In addition to being the home of the Blue Jays, the Rogers Centre hosts many other events including concerts, family shows, and sporting events. Its unique design features include an upper deck that can be retracted to create more space for fans down below, a large LED screen behind home plate, and floor-to-ceiling glass windows that line both sides of the building. In addition, two levels of underground parking are available for game days.
Construction on the Rogers Centre began in February 2005 and was completed six months ahead of schedule and $10 million under budget.
The facade is made out of a custom designed cladding system, which was created as fiber-cement panels that could be manufactured using locally obtained materials. This lends the building's exterior a distinct African feel. The pot is perforated by open panels that allow for natural airflow and, when lighted up, like the starlit African sky. PPG, or points per game, is the average amount of points scored by a player each game played in a sport over the course of a series of games, a season, or a career. It is determined by dividing the total number of points by the number of games played. For example, if a basketball player averages 50 points per game over an eight-game season, his or her PPG rating is 5/8ths of his or her overall rating.
Stadium facades are used to refer to the outside surface of a sports venue, particularly at major league baseball stadiums. The term does not include the roof or other internal structures. Sports stadia with removable or retractable roofs are usually referred to by the specific name of the particular sport (examples: "American football stadium", "Basketball court"), while those with fixed roofs are generally called by the name of the area they cover (example: "Football field"). Although many stadiums have undergone renovations that add new features to their exteriors, they are still often referred to by their original name.
The earliest known use of the term "stadium" was in 1867 by John Lyle Austin who built a wooden arena in London called The Oxford Stadium because it was surrounded on all sides by houses. The first recorded use of the term in reference to a brick and mortar structure was in 1872 when William Frederick Gates built a stadium in Baltimore called The Maryland State Fair Park Stadium.