The breathtaking 17th-century white marble Taj Mahal, often referred to as one of the world's marvels, was erected by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan as a mausoleum for his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal, who died in delivery. The building takes on the form of a perfect crescent with 22 meters (72 feet) wide and holds the graves of the emperor and his spouse.
They were so deeply in love that they wanted to be buried next to each other. So the Taj Mahal was built as their final resting place. It is believed that more than 20,000 people worked on the project over an estimated 20 years. The site itself was originally owned by Shah Jahan but was given to his favorite minister, Abu Jahwan, as a gift.
The location for the construction of the Taj Mahal was chosen by the architect Ustad Ahmad Lahori. It was on the bank of the Yamuna River near Delhi. The emperor wanted to be able to see his wife's tomb from his own burial place. He also wanted to show how beautiful Allah's creation was.
Shah Jahan was ruler of the Mughal Empire from 1592 to 1658. Under his leadership, the empire reached its zenith: literature and science flourished, and the city of Delhi became one of the largest and most sophisticated in Asia.
The Taj Mahal, an enormous mausoleum of white marble erected in Agra between 1631 and 1648 by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in remembrance of his favorite wife, is the gem of Muslim art in India and one of the world's most recognized masterpieces. With its perfect symmetry and elegant simplicity, the Taj Mahal has inspired artists and poets for centuries. It is also regarded as a jewel box set with exquisite stone work.
The Taj Mahal was not built as a temple but as a tomb, therefore it is not surprising that it has been compared to a palace on top of a garden. It is estimated that there are more than 20,000 flowers planted inside the structure. The empress who ordered the building of the Taj Mahal died before it was completed; however, her husband did finish the project.
The interior of the Taj Mahal consists of four large courtyards surrounded by small rooms called jharokhas. In each jharoka, the walls are covered with intricate stonework and the ceiling is made of wood painted with gold and silver leaf. The central courtyard is larger than the other three combined and it contains the burial chamber where Shah Jahan's body was placed after he died in 1666. The complex of buildings including their gardens covers about 30 acres (12 ha).
The Taj Mahal, located in Agra, is a white marble mausoleum erected by Shah Jahan between 1632 and 1648 in remembrance of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal. It was built by 20,000 workers and portrays the Islamic garden of heaven. It is often recognized as the pinnacle of Mughal architecture. The building takes the form of a perfect circle with its circumference equal to that of a mosque. Inside, there are three chambers: one for Shah Jahan, one for Mumtaz Mahal, and one for their son Jahangir.
The construction of the Taj Mahal started on March 3, 1632, and it was completed on April 21, 1648. It consists of four courtyards surrounded by a series of arches supported by pillars. The central courtyard is enclosed by two rows of slender but tall columns with an open pavilion in between. This arrangement is repeated in the other three courtyards so that all four sides of the tomb have identical designs.
The overall design of the monument is based on Persian models but the construction is mainly done by Indian engineers and artists. It contains many precious stones including rubies, emeralds, sapphires, and diamonds. The total cost of construction is estimated to be around 25 million rupees (about $500,000 at that time).
The Taj Mahal ('ta: dZ m@'ha: l) is a white marble mausoleum in central India, at Agra on the Jumna River, erected by the emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal, and considered as the best example of Mogul architecture. The construction began in 1632 and was completed in 1653 AD.
It is one of the largest mosques in India built for religious purposes as well as a palace. Inside there are many halls with beautiful decorations and sculptures. The entrance is through the main building which has three stories with Ionic columns supporting the roof. There are also two other entrances from where visitors can view the interior of the monument.
The name "Taj Mahal" means "Crowned Moon". It's said that when you look at the moon from far away, it looks like a crown because of all its points raised above the surface of the water. This is why the monument was called this way too.
In 2016, it was listed as one of the New 7 Wonders of the World.
The Taj Mahal in Agra, India, was erected by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan as a memorial to his beloved wife, who died in delivery in 1631. The white marble monument, with its expansive gardens, took several years to complete. It is believed that around 20,000 workers contributed to the project's success.
In addition to being a great work of art, the Taj Mahal is also considered one of the greatest works of architecture. It is especially famous for its intricate mirror-work on the inside walls of the mausoleum.
Why do Europeans call it the Taj Mahal? The word "taj" is Hindi for "throne." Thus, the English name means "the throne of money."
The Taj Mahal was not intended to be a tomb but rather as a place for Shah Jahan's wife to be buried next to him. However, after her body was taken down in 1980 for reconstruction, scientists discovered that she was suffering from tuberculosis when she died. They then decided to bury her next to her husband so they could still be together after death.
People all over the world have admired the Taj Mahal for almost 300 years. It continues to draw visitors today because it is such an important part of Indian history and culture.
Muslim The Taj Mahal, an enormous mausoleum of white marble erected in Agra between 1631 and 1648 by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in remembrance of his favorite wife, is the gem of Muslim art in India and one of the world's most recognized masterpieces. Originally called "The Tomb of Love" (Tombah Shams-i-Azam), it was built as a burial place for Shah Jahan's wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The project took 20,000 workers five years to complete.
Architecture student Alireza Seyed-Gohrab argued that the Taj Mahal proves that Muslims were noble because it was built by a Muslim who was also a king. He said that history has shown that kings and artists usually are not cruel people they but rather humble people who don't have power over others. According to him, this shows that Islam promotes humility which is necessary for peace and harmony.
Does the fact that the Taj Mahal is beautiful mean that it must be good? No, because beauty can be used to promote evil too. For example, Hitler made great architecture and music popular again after the French Revolution. This didn't make these things good, but rather used for evil purposes.