A riser is the vertical section of the staircase that runs between each tread. Closed tread stairs are stairwells with risers. A staircase can be designed without risers to give it a more contemporary appearance. This open riser form creates the illusion of a larger room. Open staircases are easier to maintain than closed staircases and are preferred in high-traffic areas such as hotels, hospitals, and offices.
The term "staircase" is also used for any step-like arrangement of surfaces, especially those in buildings or on vehicles. Stairs are usually constructed of wood, but other materials are also used including metal and plastic. The term "escalator" is used for an inclined plane consisting of two cables or belts running on wheels at the bottom and top of the plane with people riding up or down them. Escalators were originally used as outdoor amenities in cities but now exist as indoor devices within buildings. An "elevator" is a machine for transporting passengers in a controlled way from one level to another. Elevators play an important role in tall buildings where they are used to transport goods and people between floors.
Closed staircases are used when space is limited or there is no need for open spaces. These stairs are often found in apartments and small houses. They are also useful if you want to keep noise to a minimum (for example, if you have children or pets).
Staircase Fundamentals The riser is the stair's vertical surface. The tread, on the other hand, is the stair's horizontal surface and the section of the stair that you step on. The section of the tread that overhangs the front of the riser is referred to as the nosing. A stair builder will frequently discuss the rise and run of the stairs. These are two terms used to describe the distance between each riser.
The term "staircase" refers to the entire group of steps on your house. There are five main types of landings: flat, half-flat, square, angled, and curved.
A staircase is made up of one or more flights. A flight is a series of steps connected together with no intermediate landing surfaces. For example, in an eight-flight staircase, there would be eight separate flights of stairs.
Flights usually consist of four steps but they can have any number of steps. If the staircase has more than eight flights, then it is called a multi-flight staircase.
The direction of the stairs is important. Directions are given as if you were walking up the stairs. North is considered the first corner to reach after coming up from the basement; south is where the garage entrance is; east is where the family room is located; and west is where the kitchen is.
Stairs are either wood or stone.
The outside string is the side of a staircase from which the treads and risers may be viewed. Riser. A riser is a vertical board that serves as the step's face. The term also refers to the height of such a board or step. Tread. The horizontal surface of a stairway between two risers. Also called a floorboard.
Side of a Staircase. The side of a staircase is the exterior, viewing side of the steps. It is often made of wood, but can be made of any material used for interior stairs. The word "side" here does not mean side yard; it means the viewing side of the steps.
Stair Case. A stair case is a structure consisting of rows of steps (or ramps) going up or down. They are usually constructed of stone, brick, or wood. The terms "staircase" and "escalator" are often used interchangeably, but they are different devices. An escalator moves up and down, while a staircase goes from one level to another. There are several types of staircases: open, closed-in, straight, curved, and spiral.
Open Staircase. An open staircase is one where the steps are in full view from the landing or upper level.
The riser is the back section of the step. Risers are the vertical pieces at the back of each step that prevent your toe from moving forward. At the top and bottom of each staircase, the risers meet to form the head and foot of the staircase.
The term "riser" can be used to describe the vertical piece at the back of any step. So, for example, if there were no risers at the back of a staircase, then anyone could walk up or down it freely. The words "head" and "foot" are also often used to describe the ends of a staircase when there are no obstructions such as windows or doors to stop people from walking into or out of their homes. These terms are also used to describe the vertical surfaces at these ends that join together the horizontal treads of the stairs.
Stair risers are usually made of wood but they can be made of metal or plastic as well. The purpose of stair risers is to provide a stable surface upon which to stand while walking up or down the stairs. If there were no stair risers, then every step would be different levels creating a dangerous environment for anyone who might be walking up or down the stairs.
A riser is the vertical distance between two subsequent steps Fig. The depth (thickness) of the waist is the stairwell's minimum thickness perpendicular to the soffit (cl. 33.3 of IS 456). The steps of the staircase, which is supported by a waist-slab, can be built of bricks or concrete. The width of each step is equal to its riser. The tread is the horizontal space within each riser. A staircase may have one or more landings. A landing is a level surface at the top or bottom of a flight of stairs. Landings are used for safety and convenience. They provide a place to rest while climbing or descending the stairs.
There are three types of landings: open, closed-in, and half-landing. With open landings, there is no ceiling or wall on one or both sides. Anyone walking up the stairs would be able to see everyone else. This type of landing is useful when multiple people might want to use the staircase simultaneously. There are many examples of buildings with open staircases in American architecture. One example is Trinity Church in Boston, Massachusetts. It has an open spiral staircase in the tower that connects the nave with the choir loft. The staircase was designed by Charles Bulfinch and construction began in 1872. It is 65 feet above ground level and takes about 10 minutes to climb.
Closed-in landings have ceilings or walls on all four sides.