What is the width and height of the Parthenon?

What is the width and height of the Parthenon?

The structure measures 101.34 feet (30.89 metres) broad and 228.14 feet (69.54 metres) long as measured from the top step of the foundation. Athens' Parthenon. Photo by Andrew F. Smith.

The dimensions of the Parthenon were established when it was built around 438 BC and have been relatively stable since then. They are based on a scale model constructed before the actual building began. The model was made of wood, which has been preserved partly intact under layers of lime and marble dust. It shows the proportions that would be used for the real structure, so that builders could follow them accurately while constructing the site-based version. This model also serves to illustrate how the temple evolved over time through changes made by its architects.

The original plan called for the construction of only four columns on the front portico, but during development the number was increased to six. The reason for this expansion is not known for sure, but two possibilities have been suggested: either to make the entrance more prominent or to provide better support for the roof. In any case, it can be said with some confidence that the additional columns were not required for structural purposes; they appear to have been added for aesthetic reasons.

As for the walls themselves, they were built using local limestone with ashlar (square-cut) edges.

What are three interesting facts about the Parthenon?

Parthenon Facts: The Parthenon stands 45 feet tall and has a foundation that is 228 feet by 101 feet. It is located on the Acropolis, a hill that overlooks Athens. Athens' patron deity was the Greek goddess Athena. She was the goddess of knowledge, war, and bravery. Her symbol was the owl, which you will find carved on much of the artwork in the Acropolis Museum if you visit there.

The temple was built between 447 and 432 B.C. and it is estimated that it took 1,005 tons of marble to build it. The main entrance led into a large cella or chamber where the altar would be later on. Inside this chamber were rows of oil lamps that lit up the interior with light. There were no electric lights in those days!

In 1686, a great fire destroyed most of Athens then called Philippi. The city rebuilt quickly and by 1711, the Acropolis was again inhabited. In 1834, King Otto of Greece gave orders for the remaining structures on the Acropolis to be demolished. This included the Parthenon whose top half had been damaged by lightning years before. Lord Elgin bought the sculptures from the Greeks and brought them to Britain. They are now in the British Museum in London.

Interesting fact number two: The Parthenon sculpture gallery is the largest collection of ancient Greek statues in Europe.

What does the Parthenon look like?

The edifice has a rectangular floor layout and is built on a 23,000-square-foot base that was part of the Old Parthenon's limestone foundation. Each side of the structure was encircled by low stairs, and a portico of Doric columns standing on a platform formed a boundary around it. The roof was made of marble and had a central dome supported by four more domes arranged in a square. The whole construction was covered with gold and silver tiles.

The new Parthenon was built between 447 and 432 B.C. by the Athenian government as a gift to the goddess Athena in return for her help in defeating the Spartans at the Battle of Marathon. The building was originally painted white but now is mostly gray due to pollution from burning oil and coal inside it.

The architect was Callicratidas, a Spartan, and the sculptor was Phidias, an Athenian. Work began on August 2, 447 B.C., and it was completed in about four years. The total cost was approximately $100,000. In A.D. 132, after Athens became a Roman colony, Emperor Antonius Pius ordered that the old temple be replaced by a new one in the classical style. He also paid for the reconstruction of other temples around Greece that were destroyed during wars or natural disasters.

About Article Author

Francis Adams

Francis Adams has been a general contractor for most of his career, which has given him a lot of experience in different areas of construction. His love for building things led him from being an intern to a president of a construction company.

Related posts