The Periclean Parthenon of Athens is perhaps the greatest and most famous embodiment of Classical Greek temple architecture—a Doric order building, the Parthenon reflects the maturity of the Greek classical form. The original structure was built at the end of the 5th century BC, but it was destroyed by fire in 1854. It was then that the present version was constructed, based on drawings by British architect John Milne.
The new building is not a perfect replica of the old one; instead, it is more like an enlarged version of it. But even so, many consider it to be one of the most beautiful buildings in the world.
Larger than life statues of Athena (the goddess who inspired it) and Phidias (a famous sculptor of the time) stand today inside the temple, evidence that the building was meant to be a place of worship. Indeed, the new building was intended to replace an earlier wooden structure on the same site, which had itself been built to replace an older one. This first Athenian building project shows how important sculpture was to inspire people into building more temples like the Parthenon.
The design and construction of the Parthenon were led by the famous sculptor and architect Phidias. Born around 460 BC, he became one of the leading artists of his time.
Pericles directed the construction of numerous prominent temples on the Acropolis in ancient Athens. Among these was the Parthenon, often regarded as the best example of Greek architecture. The Erechtheion is another famous Doric temple that stands on the site where Pericles once spoke.
After Athens, other cities may have been more attractive to artists and architects, but none can compare with the glory of old Athens. Today the area around the Acropolis is a popular tourist destination, but it was not always so. In ancient times this part of Athens was barely inhabited. The city had grown up around the port and temple complex at Athens' main entrance on the Saronic Gulf (now known as Piraeus). As soon as people started building houses here, they felt the need for public spaces where they could meet under shelter from the sun or rain. Thus, several important buildings were erected between 4th and 2nd century B.C. that still stand today. These include the Odeon of Herodes Atticus, the Porch of Carystus, and the Theatre of Dionysos.
In addition to these historical sites, there are many beautiful churches and temples scattered across Athens and its suburbs.
The Acropolis of Athens The Parthenon is regarded as the most important remaining classical Greek structure and the pinnacle of Doric Order architecture. It is a former temple dedicated to Athena, the patron goddess of Athens, on the Athenian Acropolis. The Parthenon's construction began in 447 BCE, during the height of the Athenian Empire. It was completed in 432 BCE, only nine years after it was started. The total cost is estimated to be between $10 million and $20 million in current value. Today, it is protected by the government as a national monument.
Other significant buildings include the Temple of Zeus at Olympia, the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, and the Roman Senate Building in Rome.
In conclusion, the Parthenon is regarded as the finest example of Doric Architecture. It is also one of the best-preserved ancient buildings in existence today.
The Parthenon's Importance It was built in the 5th century B.C. as a symbol of Athens' strength, prosperity, and refined culture. It was the biggest and most ornate temple ever built on the Greek mainland. It is now one of the most famous buildings in the world and a lasting emblem of Ancient Greece. The Parthenon stands out among other temples because of its size, architecture, and sculpture collection.
The Parthenon's location Its location next to the Acropolis hill group made it a dominating feature of the city skyline. The building was entered through the Propylaea, a monumental entranceway with Ionic columns and sculptured decorations. As you enter today, you are faced with an enormous open-air museum of sculptures that covers nearly all available space inside the building.
The structure itself Was the Parthenon built as a temple? No, the building we see today is only part of a larger architectural project. The original construction of the temple was finished around 438 B.C. However, it wasn't used for many years after that because of a religious conflict between Athens and Sparta. They stopped using the temple for almost 200 years after it was completed until 421 B.C., when Athens won the war against Sparta and reunified her country.
Why do people come to the Parthenon today? The building serves as a monument to Ancient Greece and attracts thousands of visitors each year.
The Doric order Classical architecture: Greek architecture Zeus Temple/Architectural styles are used for describing the main features of a building, such as its roof structure, door and window openings, and other exterior decorations. The term "style" also refers to the unique combination of ideas found only in one particular building.
Doric was the official style of construction for Athens' city temples. It was also used for some other public buildings. Doric was chosen over Ionic because Athenian citizens were familiar with this style from their religious monuments and wanted to give the impression that they were honoring the gods by constructing them in this manner.
The temple of Zeus at Olympia was also built in the Doric style. This temple was where many important events in ancient Greece were held including the Olympic Games. The original structure at Olympia was built in 438 B.C. and destroyed by fire in 373 B.C.. It was then rebuilt and completed in 331 B.C.
Later on in history, the Romans adopted the Doric style for their own city-state temples. There are still many Doric buildings in Europe.
Parthenon The Parthenon is a temple that tops the Acropolis hill in Athens. It was dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena Parthenos in the mid-5th century BC ("Athena the Virgin"). The word "parthenon" is derived from parthe, meaning virgin.
Built in 447/446 BC by Phidias, it was originally painted red, white and black. Modern restoration works have changed this color scheme to pale yellow, pink and green. It is regarded as one of the greatest achievements of Pericle's Athenian empire. The building stands on a base of marble, which itself rests on columns carved out of the rock of the Acropolis. The structure has long been considered one of the highest expressions of human creativity in architecture.
The pediment on which it stands represents the city of Athens, covered with sculptures by various artists. There are images of battles (between Athena and Poseidon for supremacy over Greece), scenes from mythology (the birth of Athena), and even a group of young girls dancing. Above all, however, we see the goddess nursing her own face after an angry struggle with the monster Typhoeus for the possession of Athens. This image has given rise to many interpretations over time: some believe it shows Athena saving her city by defeating Typhoeus' threats, others say it's a metaphor for Athens' protection by its patron goddess.