The Pantheon is one of ancient Rome's best-preserved structures. The edifice, erected between 126 and 128 A.D. during Emperor Hadrian's reign, has a rotunda with a gigantic domed roof that was the biggest of its type at the time. It consists of four large halls, two inside the other, with an overall diameter of 90 feet (27 m). The central hall is 33 feet (10 m) wide and 22 feet (7 m) high while the outer halls are each 20 feet (6 m) wide and 15 feet (4 m) high.
In addition to being big, the Pantheon is also beautiful. The exterior is made of marble from the island of Elea in Italy while the interior is covered in plaster and painted black and white. There are no windows and only one door on the ground floor but there are three more doors on the first floor.
The Pantheon is considered one of the greatest works of architecture of the Roman Empire. Therefore, it is worth coming to Rome to see this incredible building. Inside, you will find some of the most famous sculptures from antiquity: the Genius of Rome on the entrance arch and the Apollo Belvedere on the pediment above it. Both statues are by the Italian artist Antonio Canova.
1. The Pantheon Dome in Rome. 2. The Pantheon in Rome is the best-preserved Roman Empire structure. After earlier iterations of the edifice were destroyed by fire, Emperor Hadrian reconstructed it in 126 AD. Its most notable feature is its imposing dome, which has withstood the test of time. The diameter of the dome is 32 meters (105 feet), and it weighs about 18,500 tons.
The Pantheon was originally built as a temple to all the gods but over time became dedicated to one god after another. It was therefore appropriate that it should be chosen by Constantine as the place where all Christians should worship. The first four or five domes were wooden, but the present one is made of stone, which shows that Constantine must have been aware of the Pantheon's dome when he had it rebuilt after the fire.
People often wonder why the Pantheon doesn't collapse under its own weight. The answer lies in the fact that it is a brick building with an internal skeleton of iron beams. The dome does not rest on top of the building but incorporates part of each side, so that there is no need for any external support.
In conclusion, the Pantheon is only one of many impressive ancient buildings in Rome; others include the Colosseum, the Roman Forum, and Trajan's Market.
The Roman Pantheon is the most well-preserved and prominent ancient Roman structure. The Pantheon was erected by Hadrian (A.D. 117–138) to replace Augustus' friend and commander Marcus Agrippa's Pantheon, which burned down in 80 A.D. During the time of Hadrian, Rome was called "the capital of the world" and he wanted to have a building that would stand for hundreds of years so that people would remember him as one of the greatest rulers in history. He also wanted the building to be perfect with no defects inside or out because he was very proud of his good reputation.
The dimensions of the Pantheon are 48 feet high, 96 feet wide, and 45 feet deep. It is made of marble and has a gold roof. There are three entrances on the north, east, and west sides of the building where visitors enter today. Each entrance is large enough for a person to walk through. Inside, there are four rows of seats where members of the public could watch religious ceremonies. On each side of the entrance are two Ionic columns with ornate capitals and bases. Above the entrance doors are more Ionic columns. At the top of the dome is a lantern that opens every day at sunrise and closes every night at sunset. This is when we can see how dark it is inside the dome during the rest of the day.