Sarcophagi were the Egyptians' most recent graves. Burial artifacts such as jewelry, food, games, and sharpened splints were found in these burials. Sarcophagi were used throughout Egypt's history, from the Old Kingdom (2690-2181 B.C.) to the Roman period (A.D. 30-395).
The bodies inside the sarcophagus were wrapped in linen or cotton sheets, which were painted with images of the life beyond the grave. The faces of the wrappings were also often painted.
Some Egyptian mummies were preserved because they contained objects that could be used by others after they died. For example, a priest might have had objects that were sacred to him taken into burial with him. These objects could be used by priests in the afterlife by order of the pharaoh. Other mummies were preserved because they were made of precious materials - gold, silver, lapis lazuli, etc.- that would help them rise again after death.
Bodies were initially deposited in wicker baskets, but subsequently were placed in wooden or terracotta coffins. The Egyptians made many attempts to preserve their bodies for future use by the gods.
The ancient Egyptians believed that after death, a person's soul migrated into another body. This belief caused them to seek ways to keep their bodies alive after death in order to prevent their souls from doing so. They used various methods including mummification to preserve the body for future use by the gods.
An Egyptian tomb was a hole cut out of the rock with only the roof remaining above it. The Egyptians built their tombs in this manner because they did not have tools to work metal or stone. However, once inside the tomb, they often added chambers and passageways to provide more room for storage. They also added paintings and sculptures.
The Egyptians divided up their dead into classes. These classes were based on social standing and included commoners, soldiers, princes, priests, artists, scribes, builders, farmers, and servants. Each class had its own burial site, with commoners usually being buried near the surface of the ground in shallow pits and above them would be placed larger cemeteries where members of the elite could be buried.
A huge Egyptian tomb in Saqqara necropolis was found to contain a huge cache of sealed sarcophagi. Archaeologists in Egypt have discovered almost 30 sarcophagi believed to have been buried for around 2,500 years, according to the country's Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities. The golden coffins were all covered with intricate carvings of animals and plants, and some even included writing.
The intact condition of the coffins indicates that they may have been placed on display in a temple or palace. It is possible that they contained the remains of priests or officials who had an important role to play in ancient Egyptian society.
The discovery was made by a team from the ministry's Department of State Antiquities as they conducted a survey of the area near the village of Sakkara. The team was led by Dr Zaki Sadek, head of research at the department. They believe that some of the coffins may have been stolen over time since the find date, but many still remain in their original location.
Egyptian people used to decorate their dead with gold for burial, just like other cultures of the time. However, what makes this discovery special is that no other site has yielded such a large number of preserved golden coffins. It shows that these were not common items for ordinary people to own. Rather, they must have been given out only to high-status individuals.
Egypt in the past Pharaohs' mummies were encased in beautiful stone coffins known as sarcophaguses. They were then buried in ornate tombs with everything they'd need for the afterlife, including automobiles, tools, food, wine, perfume, and household objects. The purpose of this extravagant burial was to help the pharaoh reach eternal life.
In addition to all their precious belongings, the pharaohs were also wrapped in linen sheets called shabti. These were servants who would serve them in the next world by doing menial tasks such as cleaning out rooms or fetching things for them.
The Egyptians believed that you needed something tangible to travel through the underworld with; therefore, they left their pharaohs' bodies intact because they could be reunited with their souls in the afterlife. Although ancient Egyptians didn't have a word for "mummy" they did have a term which meant "skin object". This is why we see so many mummies preserved today - because no one wanted to claim their dead loved ones' bones.
After the initial shock of losing someone close to you had passed, people started asking themselves questions like: "What will I do without this person? Who will take care of my children?" etc. The answer to these questions was simple: You'll be sent back to live another day.
Pharaohs' mummies were encased in beautiful stone coffins known as sarcophaguses. The tomb owner's family would sometimes follow their body to the afterlife. Others were simply left where they died. The Egyptians believed that after death, the body was invaded by many insects and worms who took what they needed to continue living.
The tomb owner's possessions were sacred; therefore, only the richest people could be buried with them. But their presence is evidence of someone's status: Pharaohs were among the most famous people in Egypt and would have required large-scale preparations before they died. Their families would have wanted to show that they were worthy successors by providing for their needs in the next life.
An army officer named Tutankhamen was buried in the Valley of Kings. His body was found by British archaeologists in 1922. It had been well preserved because of the dry climate. Modern scientists know him from photographs because his face was still intact when he died at about 18 years old. The eyes are said to have looked up toward the sun, which has caused some scientists to believe that he may have been divine.
Wealthier Egyptians could afford to be buried with jewels, furniture, and other things, making them easy prey for tomb robbers. Tombs were packed with everyday things like as furniture, jewelry, and other treasures throughout the early Dynastic Period. They also had a lot of stone and clay containers. Some of these may have held the organs of the body, but most likely they were used to store goods.
The richest people in Egypt often were buried with their possessions still in place. The Egyptian word for "mummy" is actually derived from the name of this kind of personage.
After the death of a rich person, his or her belongings were valuable items that needed protecting from thieves. So the dead man or woman was usually wrapped up in linen strips and placed inside a wooden box called a coffin. This was then put inside the grave along with other coffins containing the bones of family members. These empty spaces within the tomb were used to hide the corpse from view until it decayed enough to be discarded.
In ancient Egypt, people worked hard all their lives so they could die well. The first thing they did was build a nice tomb for themselves. Then they filled it with precious things that would help them live forever in paradise after they died. That's why we see so many rich tombs with no bones inside them. Thieves took everything they could get their hands on!