Cast iron construction The Crystal Palace was a glass and cast-iron edifice erected for the Great Exhibition of 1851 in London, England. Sir Joseph Paxton, an architect and landscaper, designed the structure, which demonstrated architectural, construction, and design advancements. It was dismantled after the exhibition ended but has been reconstructed twice: once in South London in 1936 and again in Surrey during 1987–1993.
It was one of a series of world's fairs held to demonstrate industry in every country. There were countries who could not afford to send representatives so drawings were sent in their place. For example, there were French drawings of the plans but no French engineers or builders to build it. So it was just a pretty picture.
In Britain, this type of event was called "an exhibition", such as the World's Fair, London 1851. And the term "world's fair" came from the idea that all nations should have equal opportunity to view and learn from each other's cultures and technologies. No longer would visitors be limited to looking at objects on display in small, isolated displays or museums. Now they would be able to see what life was like for people in different parts of the world, with all its richness and poverty.
The idea for an international exhibition arose out of discussions between Prince Albert, husband of Queen Victoria, and British diplomat Henry Parkes.
On May 1, 1851, the exhibition debuted in the Crystal Palace. Sir Joseph Paxton's design for the Crystal Palace was a spectacular prefabricated structure. It was made out of an elaborate network of thin iron rods that supported transparent glass walls. The palace was the world's first large-scale steel frame building. It is estimated that there were more than 10,000 components used to build the foundation of the palace.
The foundation of the palace was so strong that it withstood the effects of two major earthquakes in 1872 and 1897 without any damage. The palace was also very energy efficient: it used less than 5% of its height to cover almost 2 acres of floor space. This made it much cooler in the summer and warmer in the winter than expected for its size.
After the success of his first exhibition, Thomas Edison's father, John Edwards Edison, helped organize another exhibition at the same place on August 16, 1852. This time, it was even better equipped than the first one: it had electricity! The electricity was provided by men who walked around with electric lights attached to their heads like hats. These men were called "electricians".
The third exhibition was even bigger and better attended than the previous ones. More than 20,000 people visited it during its three-month-long run. Among them was Queen Victoria who was very impressed by the technology of the day.
The Crystal Palace was a cast-iron and plate-glass edifice in Hyde Park, London, that was initially designed to accommodate the Great Exhibition of 1851. From May 1 to October 15, 1851, more than 14,000 exhibitors from all over the world assembled in its 990,000 square feet (92,000 m 2)... It was the largest single structure ever built with iron frames and plates.
The building was abandoned after only eight years, but it left an enduring legacy. The palace became a popular venue for exhibitions, including the World's Fairs of 1889 and 1930. It also served as a political meeting place, such as during the 1913 suffrage march from Blackfriars Bridge to Parliament Square. The Crystal Palace was finally demolished in 1936.
The name "Crystal Palace" is used by several buildings around the world. The original Crystal Palace in London is not related to this one in Cape Town nor the one in Manila. However, they do share a common ancestor: the Caspian Sea port of Baku, which operated under the name "Crystal Palace" between 1770 and 1773. In 1773, the city was destroyed by an earthquake...
In South Africa, the first Crystal Palace was built in Cape Town in 1841. It was replaced about 10 years later by this second Crystal Palace, which was located next to the railway station. This palace was demolished in 1936.
Joseph Paxton designed an exhibition hall particularly for the Great Exhibition in 1851. The Crystal Palace is notable because it exemplifies England's technical advances throughout the Industrial Revolution, as it was constructed completely of steel and glass. The building was also a demonstration site for innovative technologies such as the electric light and central heating.
The palace was intended to show the public what was possible with modern technology. It attracted over three million visitors during its first year and has been described as the world's first true theme park. Visitors could see new inventions like the telegraph machine, the telephone, and the motor car demonstrated by Paxton's employees.
In addition to being a place where people could see the future of technology, the Crystal Palace was also a place where people could enjoy outdoor activities in summer or keep warm in winter. There were concerts, lectures, and exhibitions held there every week during its lifetime. The building was also used as a venue for political rallies and demonstrations. In fact, it was here that some of Britain's earliest trade unions were formed. They wanted better working conditions and to be able to voice their opinions without fear of punishment.
After the Crystal Palace was destroyed by fire in 1936, a new one was built on the same site by Sir Edwin Lutyens.
When the cast-iron and plate-glass Crystal Palace was completed in London in 1851, it was considered an architectural marvel. The famous structure was destroyed by fire in 1936, yet it was never forgotten....
The Crystal Palace, which was completed in five months, is regarded as one of the outstanding instances of iron and glass architecture in Spain. This one-of-a-kind structure is 54 meters long, 28 meters broad, and 22.6 meters tall at its tallest point, and it sits on a brickwork foundation with a magnificent ceramic frieze. The palace was designed by English architect Henry Flitcroft and built by Spanish contractors for an estimated cost of $125,000.
American architect Louis Sullivan is known for his advocacy of the functionalist approach to architecture, which meant designing buildings that were appropriate for their contexts both aesthetically and functionally. In addition to the Crystal Palace, he also designed Chicago's Stock Exchange and New York City's Pan-American Building, two other famous examples of his work. Sullivan died in 1897 at the age of 44 years old after an illness caused by brain cancer. He is considered the father of modern architecture.
The term "modern architecture" was first used in 1872 when the American Architect magazine published an article by C. F. Cummings calling for new designs that were not based on classical models. In Europe, the term "Modern Style" was first used in 1911 by British architects who were dissatisfied with the traditional styles then in use. Today, "modern architecture" is defined as having no specific style or group of styles but rather it is applied to any design that was created after the mid-20th century and before the late 20th century.