African buildings are frequently cylindrical (round). The Xhosa people of southern Africa construct rondavels, which are spherical one-room dwellings. A rondavel is normally constructed from a ring of timber poles that is filled with mud or basket weave and capped with a conical thatched roof.
There are several other common house types in Africa including: bakkies, buskanas, ibhos, ijis, luggages, ndebes, pangas, papkas, quons, sikas, and watuts.
Here is a list of the most common African houses:
Bakkie - An SUV-like vehicle with three or four doors that is used for transportation of goods and people. Often but not always covered by a tarp. Bakkies are used mainly in South Africa but also in Botswana, Zimbabwe, and Namibia.
Iboh - Two rooms with a shared wall; usually made from grass or wood. Used by the Igbo people of south-east Nigeria.
Igbo - A tribe in south-eastern Nigeria. They live in villages composed of clusters of ibohs built around a central square. Each cluster belongs to an important person who controls access to the center of the village.
Luggage - A small suitcase used for transportation.
Lesotho's traditional house type is known as a rondavel. A rondavel is a type of traditional African house. It is typically circular in shape and is traditionally produced with raw materials that may be sourced locally. The walls of a rondavel are frequently made of stones. Roofs are usually thatched with grass or metal sheets. The floor is often made of clay or sand.
In modern times, bricks and cement are also used to build houses. Although these buildings are functional, they lack the characteristic beauty of the traditional house.
People usually live together in groups called "mokhotso". They make decisions by voting on major issues before them. If an individual wishes to join another group, he/she needs to get permission from the existing members of the group.
The mokhotso lives together with other people in a community called a Motswana. Within the community, there is no hierarchy of importance. Everyone has equal status.
The mokhotso owns land but does not farm it themselves. They hire farmers to work the land and pay them monthly wages. If someone wants to become an owner instead, they will first have to buy a piece of land from an existing landowner.
In conclusion, the traditional house style in Lesotho is still present in modern times.
They do not have access to basic necessities such as clean water and power. Their dwellings are either round (rondavels) or rectangular in form. Their dwellings are generally composed of mud or concrete blocks, with a thatched roof made of grass or iron sheets. There is usually only one door and one window per room.
Zulus traditionally lived in small groups called "intanas". They would gather every few weeks at a meeting place known as an "injini", where their king would preside over these gatherings. Today, most Zulus live alone or in small groups outside the traditional homeland, because they no longer have a kingdom - the government there has been divided among several different people.
In addition to being king, the king of Zululand was also chief priest, doctor, and lawyer. He would lead discussions with other leaders to decide policies for his country. The king could also declare war or make peace. If he went to war, then others would help by providing food and supplies. If there was a treaty with another nation, then the king would receive gifts from them.
The Zulu people originated in South Africa but now live all over the world including Canada, Australia, and England.
Architecture, urbanism, and the use of space Traditional homes are circular structures with cylindrical wattle and daub walls. The roofs are conical and built of thatch, and the central pole is adorned with flowers. A traditional Ethiopian rural dwelling built in the cylindrical style with wattle and daub walls. Men sleep outside under mosquito nets while women and children inside under blankets or quilts.
In cities, buildings are often made of brick or concrete. Apart from temples, mosques, and churches, most buildings serve a commercial purpose. Cities tend to be compact with wide streets and large open spaces are rare.
Ethiopia's capital, Addis Ababa, has an estimated population of 3 million people. It is a city of high-rise offices and apartment blocks. Although there are many low-income housing projects, much of the population lives in traditional houses which are vulnerable to fire.
The country has more than 900 towns and villages. Most are very small with populations of less than 5,000 people. Some larger settlements have infrastructure such as schools and hospitals but most do not. Everyone needs to go to town at least once in their life to buy food and other goods which are not available locally.
People usually move into smaller houses as they get married and have children. If they can't afford a new house, they may have to settle for one which needs some repairs.
Houses in Madagascar are rectangular with gabled roofs, as in Kalimantan. Central pillars are common, and with the exception of a few locations, traditional dwellings are built on piles in a method handed down from generation to generation, regardless of whether the feature is appropriate for local conditions. In areas where earthquakes are common, buildings are designed with seismic straps and braces to prevent collapse.
During French colonial times, architects from France and other European countries were often hired to build government offices, schools, and churches. They also played a role in constructing new homes for Europeans who needed housing close to their places of work. These homes tended to be larger, more luxurious than those built by Malagasy builders for themselves.
Today, most people in Madagascar still live in small traditional houses. Those who can afford it usually have their windows and doors replaced by metal sheets because they think this makes the house safer against evil spirits. People also use metal sheets when building large warehouses or factories because they believe this will make the building more durable.
When hotels and restaurants hire staff members who don't belong to them, they often take advantage of this lack of employment security by making them live in badly maintained rooms without windows or doors. This is called "leasing out." When this happens to many people working in one location, it can lead to protests, riots, and violence against businesses that rely on this practice.