As you can see, this home is not as well-built as a New Stone Age dwelling. It is made of wood and has the shape of a tent. Some hunter-gatherers also utilized animal skins to construct their makeshift dwellings. This illustration depicts a dwelling from the New Stone Age. The walls are composed of mud and wood, while the roof is made of thatched reeds. Although this type of house was used by some ancient people, it is more commonly seen in fiction novels than in reality.
The oldest known house in the world was discovered in Israel in 2002 and is about 9500 years old. It was built by the Natufians, an early human population who lived along the Mediterranean Sea before the Neolithic Revolution brought on new technologies which allowed for larger populations and more sophisticated societies.
The oldest known wooden building in North America was built by Native Americans around 1450 AD in what is now Vermont. Called the "Old House", this structure was destroyed by fire several decades later. However, its remains have been preserved within the state park system.
People throughout history have built various types of houses.
During the Neolithic period, Stone Age dwellings were rectangular and made of timber (4000 BC to 2500 BC). These houses are no longer standing, although the foundations may still be seen. Some buildings featured thatched roofs and walls made of wattle (woven wood) and daub (mud and straw). There were no windows and only one door. There was no running water nor electricity.
The first farmers came on the scene about 9500 BC and they brought with them new ideas about housing. They built their houses in an L-shape with a front porch and a back door (the two rooms were separated by a passage). The roof was made of clay or wooden shingles. In addition, they used stone for building materials which they got from nearby quarries. This is how farms evolved into towns and later into cities!
About this time, people started using mud bricks instead of logs to build their homes. The bricks were loaded onto a cart and taken to the site where they were needed. Although more work intensive, these brick houses were better insulated than those made of wood and they could also be heated with firewood or charcoal. Over time, people began making their bricks with lime instead of soil because it's easier to work with and makes for stronger bricks. By 500 BC, Roman builders had advanced technology at their disposal and they used stones of all sizes, including marble, to construct magnificent buildings such as villas and temples.
Mud bricks or bundled marsh reeds were used to build homes. The arched doors and flat roofs of the structures are notable. Extensive buildings, including as terra cotta decoration with bronze accents, intricate mosaics, massive brick columns, and clever mural paintings, all demonstrate the society's technological skill.
Bread was one of the most important foods in Sumerian culture. They used to make bread by mixing barley or wheat with water and salt. In modern times, some modified versions are still made today. The oldest known recipe for bread comes from a tablet written in 2950 BC and it contains only barley and water enough to make a small amount of dough. Salt is usually added later when kneading the dough.
To cook their food, the Sumerians used hot plates called "frying pans". These were made out of cast iron and they have been found near the bodies of people who had not eaten for awhile. This shows that they must have been extremely uncomfortable to sleep on! Modern equivalents include the deep fryer and stovetop.
The Sumerians were also great merchants. They traded with other countries using items such as gold, silver, ivory, exotic animals, and even slaves. And although they lived in villages, everyone owned their own house. So in this way they were like anyone else who lives in an urban area today.
Bronze Age buildings were composed of wood, stone filled with wattle, braided wood, and daub, a mud and straw combination. The walls would be about 1.5 meters (5 feet) high and made of wooden beams with strips of wood or bronze nails driven through them into the wallboard attached to the top and bottom. The floor would be made of wood or clay and sometimes included a drain for water to go through before it soaked into the ground.
The Bronze Age began around 3100 B.C. and ended about 500 B.C. People built more permanent homes at this time because they didn't want to live in tents anymore. These houses had several rooms and were usually made of wood with some stone used for decoration. They were very advanced for their time and can be seen as the beginning of modern house building today.
People continued to use tents until about 600 B.C. when builders again started creating more permanent houses. This time they used wood and cloth instead. The builders seemed to know what would become popular later on and just like today they designed their houses so they could be easily expanded or altered with time. By 300 B.C., only kings and queens were who lived in these magnificent palaces. The rest of us just lived in smaller houses.