The image below will show you what a birch paper roof (BURZ PUSH) looks like. This is an image of Madin e from Hawal Srinagar. In the past, another style of roofing called as SINGALI-PUSH was used in Kashmir. It was made out of wood and covered with clay.
Nowadays, aluminum or tarpaulin is usually used instead. The traditional roofs were made out of mud and straw. They could be as high as 20 feet but most of them did not go beyond 10 feet because they were designed to protect houses, not to give a feeling of height to its occupants.
In more recent years, there has been a movement towards using concrete in place of mud for constructing these roofs. This can be seen in some of the big hotels in Srinagar that have got this type of roof. It is believed that if you use concrete instead of mud then you do not need to repair it so often which saves money. However, if it gets wet then it must be dried immediately otherwise it will remain damp which may cause problems for other parts of the building.
Madin e is one of the oldest surviving residential buildings in Srinagar. It was built in 1747 by a wealthy merchant named Mir Mardan Khan who belonged to a prominent Muslim family. After his death, his son took over the business and continued to grow it further.
In fact, many government buildings had this roofing, which essentially consisted of small wooden pieces nailed onto wooden planks. These roofs require sharper slopes to enable snow to slip down them. Now we have little rain and insignificant snowfall in Kashmir for these sloping roofs. The British imported this roofing style from India's west coast where it was used for the buildings of royal palaces and other important structures.
However, due to unavailability of materials, they used mud instead. The mud was brought in large quantities from local rivers and then shaped using hand tools or crude machinery built by local workers. The roofs were then painted red or white depending on the authority using it. However, over time the paint would fade away due to the heat of the sun causing the roofs to turn yellow or black.
Today, these roofs have been replaced by concrete ones. However, the original color is rarely seen anymore because most of the buildings have been repainted in pastel colors.
Kashmir has a tropical climate with very hot summers and cold winters. Due to its high altitude (about 2200 meters or 7400 feet), the temperature here drops sharply at night with heavy winds coming off the mountains that can blow curtains out of windows up to a mile away.
During the winter months, when it is cold outside, people like to stay inside and read books or use computers.
What form do Moscow's rooftops take? They resemble chocolate kisses. The city has many layers: one layer for rich people, one for middle-class people, and a third for poor people. The top layer is made of glass or steel panels attached to the building with screws or cement.
The next layer down is made of metal sheets attached to the wall with screws or by welding. This layer provides protection from heavy snowfall and strong winds. The bottom layer is made of compact gravel or soil that serves as an insulation against heat loss and noise pollution.
There are several types of roofs used in Moscow: flat, curved, and tile. Most common is the flat roof which can be seen on ordinary houses everywhere in the city. These are easy to maintain and durable enough for moderate climate conditions. If you look up at the sky when it's sunny out but not windy, you should be able to see large patches of sunlight reflecting off the surface of the sunnier parts of the city. That means there are no trees or other objects blocking the view!
Curved roofs are used mainly on industrial buildings and large commercial centers.
The concealed roof (Ye Wu Gen, noyane) is a style of roof that is commonly seen in Buddhist temples and Shinto shrines throughout Japan. The word "noyau" comes from the Japanese word for wood, which is nagashi. Thus, the hidden roof is also known as the wooded roof.
There are three main types of Japanese roofs: flat, sloping, and pyramidal. Each type has several variations, so there can be many different looks when combining different types of roofs together.
The most common type of Japanese roof is the flat or level roof. These roofs do not slope at all, they are completely flat. They can be made of wood, tile, or concrete, but they must be horizontal surfaces without any dips or rises.
Sloping roofs are not as common in Japan as they are in other countries, but they do exist. These roofs slope at one end more than the other, usually the front. On average, they slope about five degrees from front to back.
Pyramidal roofs are similar to cones in shape. They have a pointed top with a wide base. There are two types of pyramids: those with straight sides and those with curved sides.
A gable roof is the normal pitched triangle roof that you find on many houses in the United States, and it's generally what you imagine when you image a suburban home with the conventional peaked roof lines in most states. Because the form is not complicated, these sorts of roofs may be relatively affordable and straightforward to construct. They are also among the least expensive types of roofing materials because they are made up of only five components: wood shingles, metal or asphalt shingles, tile, slate, and comforters.
There are several different types of gables, including hip-gable, flat-gable, and cross-gable. Hip-gables have a sloping front edge that meets at a point about half way up the side walls. Flat-gables have parallel front and back edges that meet at a slight upward angle at one end. Cross-gables have perpendicular front and back edges that meet at a point near the top of the side walls. All types of gables can be covered with wood or other materials for aesthetic purposes or as insulation. The gable roof is popular because it provides protection from the elements for the occupants inside the house while still allowing light and air into the interior.
Gable roofs were very common in homes built before 1950 because they are easy to build and inexpensive. But today, they are becoming less popular because so many people now want their homes to look unique and personal.