Sandstone in red and pink The Hawa Mahal (also known as the "Palace of Winds" or "Palace of Breeze") is a palace in Jaipur, India. The palace, built of red and pink sandstone, is on the outskirts of Jaipur's City Palace and extends to the Zenana, or women's apartments. Its main attraction is its large number of windows, through which air is allowed to flow for cooling purposes.
The word "Hawa" means wind in Hindi while "Mahal" means great or grand. Together they mean "winds great or grand". The Hawa Mahal was originally built by the royal family of Jaipur as their residence but was later acquired by the government and turned into a museum. Today it is one of the eleven monuments of Jaipur that are protected by the Archaeological Survey of India.
In addition to its aesthetic value, the building serves as a reminder of the role played by the royals in establishing Jaipur as an independent city state. It also demonstrates the skill of the Jaipuri craftsmen in using natural materials like stone to create works of art.
The construction of the Hawa Mahal started in 1799 and was completed in 1818. The original structure was built solely by Maan Singh, the first Maharaja of Jaipur. However, after his death in 1820, controversy arose over whether his son, Pratap Singh, should continue with the project or not.
The Palace of the Winds is known as the Hawa Mahal. It is one of Jaipur's most visible landmarks. It resembles a honeycomb web and contains 953 windows with elaborate craftsmanship. Because the King was a devout follower of Lord Krishna, it is designed like his crown. The palace was built by Maharaja Jai Singh in 1727-29.
Hawa means "palace" in Hindi. The Hawa Mahal was originally built as a private home for Maharaja Jai Singh II. It was turned into a public monument during the reign of his son, Kharak Deo. The old name for the structure was actually "Palace of the Mist." In 1727, when it was completed, its new name came about through a royal decree. It was then that it became known as the Hawa Mahal ("Palace of the Pearl").
The word "mahal" means "palace" or "dwelling" in many languages, including English. So, the Hawa Mahal is actually translated as the "Palace of the Winds." This refers to the original use of the building: it was used to cool off royal guests with natural winds from its large windows. Today, it serves as a museum where visitors can see beautiful paintings, sculptures, and furniture inside the former royal residence of India's first royal family who were famous for their jewel-encrusted weapons.
Details about the Hawa Mahal Hawa Mahal was erected in 1799 in Badi Choupad, the Pink City of Jaipur. It features 953 windows on its outside walls. The honeycomb-shaped and elegantly carved windows allow winds to sweep through the palace, making it ideal for a summer residence. Also known as the "Pride of Jaipur", the Hawa Mahal is an iconic image of Jaipur.
There are two ways to reach the Hawa Mahal: by foot or by ride. The royal route begins at the main gate of Jaipur called Nahargarh. Just beyond the main entrance stands a large banyan tree called Hanuman Mandir. Next stop is Kishangarh Gate which is also known as the Elephant Gate because it was once used by elephants carrying goods into the city. After passing through this gate, one will reach the Hawa Mahal area.
The public route starts from the Ram Raj Temple near Charbagh Square in old Jaipur. One can take an auto-rickshaw up to the main entrance of Nahargarh Fort or do some exploring of the ancient city before heading back to see the sunset from across the lake.
In 2016, UNESCO added the Hawa Mahal to its list of World Heritage Sites.
Hawa Mahal, located just a short distance from the commercial heart of Pink City, is considered Jaipur's hallmark. Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh constructed this five-story structure, known as the "Palace of the Winds," in 1799. The king was inspired by the same wind that brought rain clouds over his kingdom many times without fail. He wanted to protect his people from the harsh desert sun with a cool breeze at any time of the day or night.
Hawa means palace and mahl means tower. So Hawa Mahal means Palace of the Winds. This magnificent structure has been built solely with precious stones including ruby, emerald, pearl, and topaz. It is said that the king used only the best quality materials for the construction of his building; even the wood used for the doors and windows are imported from all over India.
The building consists of two storeys with an open courtyard on the first floor and a closed one on the second. There are several openings in the wall of the courtyard through which the wind can blow inside the room. This helps create a cooler atmosphere during the hot summer months when there are no rains to curb the heat of the sun.
The third floor is where you will find the main attraction of the palace, that is, the revolving door.
Jaipur's Hawa Mahal, also known as the Palace of Winds The Hawa Mahal Jaipur translates to "Palace of Winds," and its moniker refers to the innovative cooling system that circulates pleasant breezes through the inner chambers even during the sweltering Rajasthan summers. Built between 1727 and 1748 by Maharaja Jai Singh II, the structure is made of marble and limestone. It contains 87 large windows with more than 6,000 glass beads each.
The palace grounds also include a small artificial lake which is surrounded by well-maintained gardens. There are several other royal residences in Jaipur that are worth seeing including the Chokla Mandir, Jal Mahal, and Vigraha Devalaya.
Hawa Mahal was originally built as a private residence for Maharaja Jai Singh II, but later on it became the favorite home of his three beautiful queens. The building has been preserved in its original form with all its luxury items still present today. It can be accessed through a long corridor with an art gallery attached to it. The main attraction is the opulent interior which features colorful paintings and exquisite woodwork.
There are several theories about the origin of the word "Hawa" and it means different things to different people. Some say it comes from the Sanskrit word "Shringara" which means enjoyment or pleasure.