A castle, according to the Oxford English Dictionary, is "a massive edifice, generally of the medieval period, fortified against attack with strong walls, battlements, towers, and frequently a moat." Because the structures above are referred to as castles, yet they appear to be as structurally equipped for combat as a fruit pastille. It's not just a matter of style over substance - these buildings were designed to withstand assault.
Castles came in three main varieties: fortress-citadel, walled town, and demi-lune. The first type was the most complex and required the greatest number of resources to build. These castles were heavily fortified towns capable of resisting an attack by demolishing part of their own walls if necessary. They could also protect themselves for a time by hiding inside their own fortifications - but this only delayed the inevitable because eventually the besiegers would find a way into the city through a gate or another opening in the walls.
Walled towns were simply settlements surrounded by a wall for defense. Although they lacked the intricate design of a fortress-citadel, they were much less expensive to construct. Demi-lunes were places where parts of a wall had been destroyed or neglected by its former owner, allowing them to observe what was happening within the castle while still providing some protection from attack. However, this type of settlement was usually only good for one-two attacks before it too was defeated.
Finally, there were baileys.
The term "castle" comes from the old English word "castle," which means "settlement." The OED further states that castles were originally built by wealthy individuals as "places of security" for themselves and their families. They often included living quarters along with defensive structures.
In England, Scotland, and Wales, many castles are found in remote areas where they can be used as symbols of authority or defense. Some serve as jails and keepers' houses. Others are museums or churches with historic ties. Still others have been converted into hotels or other types of accommodation.
Who built the first castle? There are different theories about this question but none of them is completely proven. What's known for sure is that the first true castles appeared around the year 1000 on English soil. At that time, powerful knights who lived in luxurious homes provided security for their communities by building large stone structures near important roads outside town limits. These castles were meant not only to protect their owners' lives but also to ensure peace between people who might want to harm them.
The best-known castles date back hundreds of years.
A castle is a type of stronghold. It may also have a dwelling, and many castles were the homes of various lords and nobles, but a castle does not have to be a habitation, since many were built to be forts defending militarily interesting locations. A mansion is a huge and elegant home. It may have many rooms or even an entire block of apartments.
Castles first appeared in Europe around AD 100 for protection against invaders from outside their walls. The word comes from Latin castellum, which means "small fortress." Although they were initially built by kings and princes, over time more democratic governments began building their own castles.
There are different types of castles used for different purposes. For example, a castle might be used solely as a residence while a fort would be used to protect a location important to its owner's business or army. Castles can be large structures with multiple floors and walled enclosures, or they can be small outposts without any internal division into rooms or halls.
The largest castle in England is Carvel Castle in Northumberland. It has been estimated that the tower alone measures 70 meters (230 feet) high and 32 meters (105 feet) wide at its base! This makes it the highest and widest tower in Britain. Inside the tower there are three stories with a total of 48 rooms.
Medieval castles were built from the 11th century CE for rulers to demonstrate their wealth and power to the local populace, to provide a place of defense and safe retreat in the case of attack, to defend strategically important sites like river crossings, passages through hills, mountains, and frontiers, and as a place of habitation when the king was not ruling from it.
Manor houses were usually smaller than castles but they often included several floors with rooms arranged around central patios or gardens. They were usually built for wealthy merchants or landowners who needed a place where their families could live while they went about their business elsewhere. Often these families were involved in trade, so they would build their houses near the markets or waterfront where they could reach customers across the country and all over Europe.
Magistrates sometimes used their offices as places of refuge, which is why many towns have a castle or other fortress as their seat of government. The church also used fortifications to protect itself against attacks by religious rivals or dissidents.
Castles were also important tools for invading armies to use as bases while they fought off defenders back home. If an army managed to capture a castle, they might use it as a temporary residence until conditions allowed them to continue marching further east or south - which was what happened when William of Normandy invaded England in 1066. He didn't stay there long though, since he knew that he would need more permanent structures once he started building boats to sail on the English Channel.
Castles were erected in strategic locations, and natural fortifications like as hills, rocky outcrops, and rivers were used whenever feasible. A hill is the ideal location for a castle. The higher a castle is located, the greater its defensive advantage. But a castle cannot exist without a well. Otherwise, the adversary might contaminate your water source. So the best place to build a castle is near a body of water.
In Europe, most castles were built on elevated sites within or near a town. The reason for this is clear: access to resources. To build a castle you need stone and wood, which are found in quantities only in certain places. These are usually mountainous regions with deep mines underneath them.
The choice of site also has important political implications. If the castle is located too far from the center of power, it will not be able to influence government decisions. Stronger defenses are required if the kingdom or state wants to resist an attack from outside forces.
Finally, access to manpower is crucial. In order to construct a castle you first need to gather people with relevant skills. This usually means soldiers for battle and artisans for building repairs and new structures.
In conclusion, the best place to build a castle is near a resource-rich area with strong political allies.
The distinction between a fort and a castle However, we may describe a castle in broad terms as a fortified structure. A fort is also a "fortified place." A castle is a fortified structure. It is a structure or a collection of structures linked together. The word comes from the French word castel, which means "circle of stones" or "walled enclosure."
There are three main types of castles: motte-and-bailey, stone, and wooden. A motte-and-bailey castle has an open space within its walls where a village once stood. They often include an area known as a "donjon," which is a high tower within the castle walls. Donjons were usually the largest room in the tower, but some were used for other purposes as well. For example, one such donjon served as a jail.
A stone castle uses large blocks of rock as building material instead of earth. These rocks can be found near the site. The builders then arrange the rocks in a circle with an opening in the middle to create a fortress. There would have been an entrance on one side for people to come in and out. The other two sides would be completely protected by rock walls about five feet thick.
Wooden castles use trees instead of rocks to build their walls. They are more common in countries where wood is available in large quantities.