This is what distinguishes Notre Dame Cathedral. (CNN) – Notre Dame Cathedral, a gem of French Gothic architecture, is one of Paris' most recognizable landmarks, drawing an estimated 13 million visitors and pilgrims each year. On Monday, a fire destroyed the roof and toppled the spire of the historic Catholic cathedral. There were no reports of deaths but many people were injured.
Notre Dame was built between 1220 and 1445. The original version of the cathedral was completed in 1260, but it collapsed two years later after a storm. It was then that the city commissioned the building of its present form from different architects. The new cathedral was not finished until around 1450. Inside, you can see several magnificent stained-glass windows created by master craftsmen from Belgium and Germany. One of them, dating from around 1300, is just as exciting as Notre Dame itself - it's the oldest surviving stained-glass window in France.
The tower of Notre Dame is one of the tallest in Europe at 395 feet. It has been called "the highest church tower in Christendom" because it was once believed to be higher than any other structure besides God's own sky palace. The top of the tower is no longer open to the public, but there are still views to be had from the ground floor. And for those who want to get a closer look, there are tours available of the nave and crypt.
It was one of Paris's most popular tourist sites until the iconic cathedral was destroyed by fire in 2019. Notre Dame was designed to be a landmark in the French capital.
Notre-Dame de Paris, usually known as Notre-Dame Cathedral, is a Parisian cathedral church. It is the most well-known Gothic cathedral of the Middle Ages, notable for its size, history, and architectural appeal. The cathedral has been described as France's largest religious monument and one of the greatest works of medieval architecture.
Notre-Dame de Paris was built over several periods from 1163 to 1345. The building was largely completed in 1290 under the direction of architect Charles du Cambefort. The central part of the nave and both transepts were added by André Le Nôtre in 1627-1628. The entire structure was restored between 1844 and 1864 by Eugène Viollet-le-Duc. The cathedral remains an important symbol of French culture and patriotism, and is visited by more than 10 million people each year.
Notre-Dame de Paris stands out among other European churches because it is so large. The nave is 78 meters (263 feet) long and 22 meters wide (72 feet wide). The total length of the cathedral is 513 meters (1,723 feet), making it the longest church in Europe. The tallest stone tower in the world is located inside the cathedral.
Notre-Dame remains a functioning Catholic church, serving as the cathedral of the Archdiocese of Paris, and is one of France's most famous tourist sites, with around 13 million people each year. The building of French revolutionary fame was constructed in the late 18th century in the classical style of architecture.
It has been described as a "miniature Rome" because it is an architectural copy after the Roman Colosseum. The original name for the new church was "the new St. Paul's". It was built by King Louis XVI and his queen, Marie Antoinette, as a replacement for the former St. Paul's Cathedral, which had been destroyed during the French Revolution.
The tower at the west end of the cathedral is 310 feet high and has become an iconic image of Paris when photographed at sunset or sunrise.
The interior of the cathedral is decorated with many beautiful paintings created by French artists from the 14th to the 19th centuries. There are also several large sculptures inside the cathedral, including a statue of Mary and the infant Jesus known as the "Holy Family".
Notre-Dame is one of France's most popular churches, and services there are always crowded. Visitors are welcome to enter the cathedral but must wear leather shoes to protect the stone flooring.
France, Notre-Dame de Paris.
Notre-Dame was built between 1163 and 1345 at a time when Europe's oldest capital city was becoming an industrial powerhouse. The growing economy allowed for more wealth than ever before, which in turn led to new structures being built. With every passing year, Notre-Dame became more beautiful than ever before.
Today, this iconic building is under threat. Fire has been used extensively by humans to destroy evidence of their mistakes (such as burning books or shooting fireballs at the Moon), so it is not surprising that fire also plays a major role in the deterioration of buildings. In fact, according to scientists, the cause of the fire at Notre-Dame is likely due to arson. Arsonists pour flammable materials into key areas of the building and then set them on fire for financial gain. Fires like this one are all too common throughout France, especially during summer months when people use fireworks to celebrate various events and holidays.
Notre-Dame is a popular tourist attraction, so many people want to see what condition it is in after its recent fire.