The Portland Stone Sir Christopher Wren's masterwork, built in gleaming Portland Stone and capped by a beautiful dome, is a well-known landmark on the City of London skyline, located at the top of Ludgate Hill. First, the site was chosen because it was high above the floodplain of the River Thames...
... The decision to build the cathedral out of Portland Stone was probably not an arbitrary one: this soft limestone from Dorset is highly suitable for large structures such as churches because it has a fine grain and is easy to carve. In addition, the stone provides good insulation against heat and cold.
The first stones were laid in 1668 by King Charles II who was then living in exile on the continent. It took nearly 100 years to complete the building, which was finally opened in 1712. The dome was added under George III's supervision. The entire project cost more than £750,000 (about $1 million today) at that time—a huge amount of money back then!
Even though the cathedral has been altered over time, it is still based on Sir Christopher Wren's original design. The main entrance is through a magnificent 90-foot-high Gothic doorway with deeply recessed panels decorated with statues of saints. Inside, you can see traces of green paint used by Charles II to mark his presence before he went into exile.
Portland stone was used to create several important structures, including The Palace of Westminster (1347), The Tower of London (1349), and even elements of Buckingham Palace (1854). Portland stone has even found its way over the Atlantic, where it was utilized to construct the United Nations Headquarters in New York. This makes it the most popular material for government buildings.
Buckingham Palace is a landmark building located in London, England. It is the largest residential palace in the world by total area. Originally built as a residence for King George IV, it has since become the main royal residence when the king and queen are in town. The current monarchs are Elizabeth II and Philip, who have been living there since 1952 and 2011, respectively.
The palace stands on land that was originally part of St. James's Park, which is why there are signs everywhere telling visitors not to feed the animals. However, if you want to give something other than money to support the park, there are food trucks that come to the palace grounds each day to sell hot dogs, hamburgers, and snacks.
Buckingham Palace is composed of various parts all named after British counties or cities. The original structure was built between 1738 and 1752 for £1.5 million ($2.25 million today) by Charles Jansen van der Meer, a Dutch architect.
The cathedral is one of London's most iconic and recognizable landmarks. For nearly 300 years, its dome has dominated the skyline, framed by the spires of Wren's City churches. It was the highest structure in London from 1710 to 1963, at 365 feet (111 meters) tall. The dome is still one of the tallest in the world.
St. Paul's Cathedral is best known as the site of two important events in British history: Charles II's baptism there in 1672, and the assassination of John F. Kennedy here on Friday, November 22, 1963.
It is also the burial place of several kings and queens, including three monarchs who ruled over England: King George I, Queen Victoria, and King Edward VIII. The final resting place of others includes Winston Churchill, Prince Albert, Princess Diana, and President Ronald Reagan. The cathedral's vast interior houses some of the greatest treasures from Britain and around the world. These include a large part of the Sutton Library that was built into the north aisle in 1669, and the magnificent tombs of the Crooke family inside the eastern chapel. The cathedral's graveyard is filled with notable people, including Christopher Wren, Isaac Newton, Charles Dickens, and Virginia Woolf.
The first St. Paul's was built on Walbrook River in the 12th century. This original church was mostly made up of wooden beams without any stone walls, which would have been destroyed in the Great Fire of London that broke out in 1666.
Johnson, Simon The Millennium Bridge is in the foreground, with St Paul's lighted. St. Paul's Cathedral in London is an Anglican cathedral that serves as the seat of the Bishop of London as well as the mother church of the Diocese of London. It is a Grade I listed building atop Ludgate Hill, the highest point in the City of London. The foundation stone was laid on 14 June 1708 by George II and it was completed in ten years at a cost of £750,000 (approximately $15 million in 2007).
It is best known for its Gothic architecture, which is characterized by pinnacles, flying buttresses, and lancet windows. The cathedral has been described as the finest example of English Baroque style church building.
The main body of the cathedral is constructed in Kentish ragstone with Welsh slate roofs. The tower, which contains a ring of eight bells, is made of Caen stone. The central dome is based on a design by Sir Christopher Wren but was not his work when built in 1710-27. The interior of the cathedral is lavishly decorated and features several monuments to members of the Churchill family who are buried in St Paul's Churchyard.
There are 1.1 million people living within 30 minutes' drive of the cathedral. It can be accessed from both Waterloo and Blackfriars bridges or from London Bridge station. A bus service runs between all these locations and the cathedral daily during working hours.