Huts with round thatched roofs The most prevalent traditional dwellings in Ethiopia are round thatched roof huts. These are the most common form of housing for much of the population, especially among farmers. Typically, a hut consists of a circular section of poles and thatch covered by a sheet of metal or wood. There are several different styles of Ethiopian huts, but they all consist of three parts: a circular base, a square middle section, and a circle top. The base is usually about 1 m in diameter and made of sticks or mud. It provides support for the rest of the house and may have a door or window opening. The middle section is where the living space is found - it can be as small as 30 cm across. There may be one or more openings in the middle section, depending on how luxurious the house is going to be. The top section is like a dome and covers any structures placed on the base. It protects from rain and heat.
These days, many people in Ethiopia live in rectangular thatched-roofed houses. Although they are not as common as the traditional huts, they are becoming more popular because they are easier to build and provide better protection from the elements.
Ethiopia's modern cities are full of skyscrapers!
Ethiopia-Housing The traditional thatched house (tukul) is still the most frequent form of housing in rural regions. It is believed that 89 percent of the population lives in deplorable conditions. Only 11 percent can afford better houses.
There are about 10 million cars in America, which makes it the world's second largest car market after China. However, Americans buy more cars per person than any other country group except for the Germans.
This picture shows that majority of Ethiopians cannot read or write. This means they are not able to enjoy the benefits of owning a car. In fact, they are likely to be injured or killed when driving one of these vehicles because they don't know how to handle them safely.
Yes, they do use pushcarts in India. But only poor people use them. The rich use cars because they can afford them.
People in Bangladesh eat with their hands because they have no other way to eat food that isn't cut up for consumption.
Architecture of the past Traditional dwellings, particularly in rural regions, still have thatched roofs and mud walls, comparable to buildings dating back to Great Zimbabwe's stone-walled cottages. Even before then, village homes and communities were often made of clay and sticks, with conical thatched roofs. In more recent times, house styles have become more standardized, but they tend to be built with local materials including wood, asbestos, and concrete.
Today, people in wealthy countries like America and Europe live in large houses on big plots of land. They usually have two or three stories with lots of rooms for everyone to have a place to sleep. These are called "dwellings" or "houses." In Africa, people sometimes make these large houses out of one block of concrete that is poured into the shape of a floor plan. But most Africans living outside cities do not have such luxury. They usually have only one room with a roof over it, which is where they live and eat and go to bed. This is how most people throughout history have lived.
In wealthier countries, men work outside the home in offices, while women work inside the home as cooks and caregivers. The division between the office and the kitchen is important because it gives men and women time separately to focus on different tasks.
African buildings are frequently cylindrical (round). The Xhosa people of southern Africa construct rondavels, which are spherical one-room dwellings. A rondavel is normally constructed from a ring of timber poles that is filled with mud or basket weave and capped with a conical thatched roof.
The Igbo people of southeast Nigeria build open-sided shelters called ekiti, which consist of horizontal logs that are tied together at the top and covered with earth or clay. The Acholi people of north-east Uganda make huts out of grass or sticks and thatch them with reed or bark cloth. In tropical climates, this type of housing is easily built and maintained.
In Europe, we think of houses as boxes made of wood or brick where we live, but in Africa they are usually only capable of withstanding one season's rain before they have to be rebuilt. House construction depends on what kind of material is available and the skill of those building them. If trees are available, they will be used for timber; if not, then bamboo or straw will be employed instead. In some parts of Africa, if you need a house now, you can go and pick some saplings and build yourself a house rather than waiting for someone to come and cut down a tree for you.
Traditional dwellings in Nigeria are mostly located in the country's more rural areas. These houses showcase Nigeria's many ethnic groups' traditional house-building skills and aesthetics. Wood, straw, stones, and mud are the principal building materials utilized in traditional dwellings. Lately, there has been a shift to using concrete for new buildings, but wood is still the most popular material for framing structures.
In larger cities and towns, housing developments of standardized houses built by private developers have become common. These homes tend to be bigger and better insulated than traditional houses. They often include garage apartments or terraces, which are becoming increasingly important in large cities where space is at a premium.
People build houses that suit their needs. If they want a house that is close to work, it should be near public transportation so that they do not have to walk too far. If they want a safe neighborhood, they should look for one with a good reputation for crime. A family with children will need a house that provides lots of room for toys and games.
Nigerians like to show off their wealth. So if you ask someone how much their house costs, you will usually get an answer that includes millions of naira (the local currency). However, this figure may not tell the whole story. There are secret fees when you sell a house - the seller pays a portion of the price into a dedicated account with his bank.
Houses in Madagascar are rectangular with gabled roofs, as in Kalimantan. Central pillars are common, and with the exception of a few locations, traditional dwellings are built on piles in a method handed down from generation to generation, regardless of whether the feature is appropriate for local conditions. In areas where wood is available, such as along the coasts, houses often have wooden frames covered with coconut leaves or thatch.
When wood is not available, people build with mud and thatch. The roof is made of palm leaves that are attached to the walls with bamboo poles and thatched with rice straw and leaves. There are no windows, only openings for doors and a small hole at the top for cooking food over an open fire or boiling water for drinking and cleaning.
In cities, houses are usually made of brick or concrete. They often have more than one floor, with rooms opening onto an interior courtyard. Some houses are even made out of several individual units connected together with walkways between them.
On Madagascar's island coast, some families have constructed their own version of a dolmen, a large stone structure used as a tomb or place of worship. These "island dolmens" are usually only two meters high but can get larger if parts are added later. They are usually just one room with a low entrance tunnel leading into it, but there are examples with additional rooms inside the main body of the dolmen.