A portico or covered walkway A stoa is a form of building that was prevalent in Greek architecture. It consists of an open area, usually with columns supporting a flat roof.
The word stoa comes from the Greek word stoas, which means "covered way". In ancient Greece, buildings with stoas were used as shops and public spaces. These structures included entire city blocks of houses where everyone had an outside space called a stoa. In modern cities, buildings are divided into different rooms for different purposes; however, companies may prefer to keep all services on one floor for cost savings. Such a building is called a "one-story" office.
People would go inside the stoa to shop or to meet with friends because it was a cool place to hang out in hot weather. Also, there might be an orchestra playing music for people to dance to, or perhaps actors performing plays for audiences. In fact, the stoa was the first place that theaters were used for entertainment purposes!
Stoas can be any size but are most often large enough for two rows of chairs to face each other. They usually have a door at the end of the row of columns that leads into the house.
Stoa, plural Stoae, a freestanding colonnade or covered walkway in Greek architecture; also, a long open structure with a roof supported by one or more rows of columns parallel to the rear wall. The word comes from the Greek stoma, meaning "entrance." In ancient Rome, the term for such an architectural feature was peristyle.
In modern terminology, a stoa is any large, airy room with plain walls and a flat ceiling without beams or joists. The only interior decorating option is a rug on the floor. There are two types of stoas: those that are part of a house and those that are not. If the stoa is part of a house, it will usually have four walls and a door leading into another room. Stairways lead up to the stoa from other parts of the house. If there are no doors connecting the stoa to other rooms, then it can only be used as a space for sitting out in the sun or under a skylight. There are many different styles of stoas, but they all have something in common: each side is given equal attention with regard to size and decoration. The Romans were great builders and their stoas show this. They often incorporated various other functions into their stoas such as baths, libraries, and even small houses where slaves could live.
The stoa served a range of civic and religious purposes. Although the first instances are found in religious sanctuaries, the Classical era development of the stoa is tied to Athens, where stoas emerged on the outskirts of the Agora, the marketplace and civic center of the radical democracy. These new structures replaced earlier forms of worship around sacred trees.
The stoa was a long, open corridor with rows of columns supporting an arch at one end. The stoa was used for public meetings and debates, as well as for exhibitions and displays. It provided the setting for prizes for athletic victory and musical performance, as well as for judicial proceedings and executions. The stoa also provided a place for teaching courses in rhetoric and philosophy.
The stoa was originally built as a prayer hall attached to a temple. Over time it became customary for temples without any prayer facilities to build stoas next door for use by visitors. Thus, the term "stoa" came to mean an area within a larger structure that was used for commercial or religious activities not associated with the main function of the building.
In modern usage, the word stoa refers to any large covered walkway, often with shops on either side. These can be found in many cities across Greece, especially in Patras, where they are known as estiaoi. They are also found in Israel, where they are called shofarot.
A stoa, which was open at the front and had a façade of columns, providing an open yet protected space. Stoas functioned as galleries for art and public monuments, were utilized for religious reasons, and demarcated public space, in addition to providing a venue for the activities of civil magistrates, retailers, and others. The stoa was especially common in Athens and other Greek cities.
The stoa was also used for meetings and assemblies. It provided privacy for discussions between individuals or groups. Open spaces, such as those found in traditional villages, would have made it difficult to hold secret conversations without being overheard by someone else. The stoa allowed for some form of confidentiality.
In ancient Greece, people went to the stoa to meet with friends, discuss issues affecting their community, and find out what role they might play in the political process. Participation in these activities was expected of everyone in society, including women and slaves.
Stoas were commonly used for religious purposes. There were many temples in ancient Greece that had stoas attached to them. Inside these stoas, priests would conduct rituals and sacrifices to honor the gods. People would go to the stoa to offer prayers or make sacrifices of food and drink to pray for healing or request good crops through ritual acts. The stoa was also used as a place where members of the community could come together to pray for city leaders or members of the military teaming up before going into battle.
There are numerous styles of stave churches, but they all contain corner posts ("staves") and a wood structure with wall boards standing on sills. These are known as stave walls, which is why the church is called stave church. Notodden, Heddal. The village has two medieval churches, one Lutheran and one Catholic.
Stave churches were popular in Europe from the 11th to the 15th century. They were built out of solid timber and had flat roofs. The steeple was often an addition built later. Stave churches are unique because they use wooden pegs instead of nails to connect the planks of the walls together. Nails would cause the wood to rot over time.
The word "church" comes from the Latin ecclesia, which means "outstanding person." In ancient Rome, the term did not apply to small family churches but rather to large buildings used by many people at one time, such as temples or basilicas. As Christianity grew and more congregations formed, the need for smaller meetinghouses arose. These became known as "chapels" or "sanctuaries."
Today, most churches build models of old structures using wood and other materials that they sell for profit. However, some churches have funds available for restoration projects.
What exactly is a portico? It's a modest porch with a roof supported by columns. Portico styles range from traditional and contemporary to Victorian or Colonial revival. A portico not only indicates where to approach the home visually, but it may also shield guests from the weather and link the inside to the outside. The size of the portico can be as small as a platform or as large as a two-story structure.
Portico houses were popular in the South after the American Revolution. They're also called Palladian windows because they look like those built by Italian architect Giorgio Paolo Palladio (1510-1580). These beautiful buildings have two rows of these windows on both the first and second floor. There are other names for this type of house too. Some call them open pavilions, open porches, or simply outdoor rooms.
These houses were important to plan correctly before building. First, there was no such thing as a standard door and window size back then. Doors and windows were usually made of wood with panels that could be opened or closed. Second, the location of the house was important because people wanted easy access to its various rooms. Third, the design of the house should reflect the social status and lifestyle of its owners. A portico house would be appropriate for a wealthy family while a simple one-story house with gable ends would be suitable for farmers or craftsmen.