Farmers and peasants lived in modest structures known as "cottages." They built their own houses out of wood, with thatched roofs (made of bundles of reeds that had to be replaced periodically). The walls were made of mud or stone, depending on the site of the house. The floors were usually dirt, but sometimes they were made of wood or bricks.
Cottages could have one or more rooms for living and working in. There might be a kitchen at one end for cooking food grown on the land owned by the peasant family. A bedroom was often located near the kitchen so everyone could easily be fed when needed. A barn or other storage building would be nearby if there was room for them.
Peasants didn't only build their own houses; they also bought building materials from merchants and architects who came to their villages. These people worked for landlords or local government and got paid per project. They would plan and design the buildings required by each landlord or government agency. Then they would send teams of workers out to gather the necessary materials and do the actual construction.
So peasants lived in farms' cottages, which were built by outsiders employed by the farmers.
They had foundations and were made of wood, wattle, and daub (a mixture of manure, clay, mud, and hay stuck to sticks). They were occasionally fashioned of stones. Straw was used to make the roofing. The walls would be about 1.5 meters high and made of branches covered in skin or bark.
The people who lived in these houses enjoyed a fairly stable environment with no major wars or disasters such as droughts or floods. There was also a lot of food available so they didn't need to hunt or gather much food themselves. Instead, they could spend their time doing other things like making art or music. The Mesolithic period ended around 10,000 years ago when the first farmers arrived from Asia.
The Mesolithic period is named after the Middle Stone Age, which describes how ancient humans evolved from the Neanderthals. Modern humans and Neanderthals shared some common ancestors but also have their own unique histories so there is never any proof that two different species did not evolve separately from a common ancestor.
Neanderthals went extinct about 25,000 years ago while modern humans are still alive today. You probably know what kind of house we live in now but back then people lived in something called "palisades" which were just large wooden fences divided into rooms by posts.
Dwellings of peasants and serfs: Peasant homes were typically one-room cottages built of wood bound together with mud and thatched roofs. People could cook inside since there was a hole in the ceiling that allowed the smoke to escape. Homes contained little furnishings, such as a three-legged stool and straw mattresses covered with a leather throw. Water was taken from wells or streams and stored in earthenware jars that were usually half full.
Inside the house, there was only room for a bed, a table, and some shelves. The house did not have a door; instead, there was a opening about four feet high set into a wall. This was the only way in or out except through the front door which usually opened onto a path or street. There was no privacy for a peasant family living in a cottage one room deep.
In addition to the lack of privacy, peasants had other problems. For example, water was often scarce in rural areas so people tended to reuse drinking cups and bowls. This was especially common among the poor who could not afford new dishes daily. Also, there were no sewage systems back then so human waste was either deposited outside where it became open defecation or flushed down toilets that didn't contain any poop-solving chemicals.
At least two-thirds of all peasants lived in villages, while the remaining one-third made their home in farms. Although farmers were generally better off than peasants, they still suffered from poverty.
Peasants were the individuals who cultivated the area around the castle. The majority of peasants lived in one- or two-room thatched houses with wattle and daub walls (woven strips of wood covered with a mixture of dung, straw, and clay)...
They worked the land under the supervision of a lord or knight, paying rent in return for protection from violence and punishment for any crimes they might have committed. If they had no landlord but still needed protection, they could pay a fee instead.
At the end of the 11th century, about half of all Europeans were living in towns. Most were poor, but there were also rich merchants, knights, and bishops. They worked in trade or industry, but some were also starting to work as lawyers, doctors, or teachers.
Castles were important for defense against invaders, but also for capturing prisoners of war or stealing their land. In return for shelter and food, prisoners of war could be forced to work on royal roads or in other ways help the king defend his territory.
After the conquest of England by William the Conqueror in 1066, most people remained farmers, but they did so for lords rather than kings. There were still castles, but only five years later they were besieged by an army of 100,000 men!
A poor farmer's usual residence was a one-room hut, but wealthy merchants began to live in larger mansions. In comparison to today's houses, these dwellings would have been gloomy and frigid. They also lacked running water and restrooms. They were probably rather stinky. The only heat came from a fire or a few peat bogs that burned throughout most of Europe.
The farmers' horses were kept in stalls near the house. There were usually no barns because there was not enough space for them. Dogs were used for protection and hunting rabbits, birds, and small animals. Farmers did not eat meat; it was reserved for people who lived in towns or at court.
At least once a year, the farmers went to town to buy supplies and take advantage of other opportunities. Traveling by horse was difficult so they often hired out their livestock to local farmers. These renters took care of the cows, pigs, chickens, and sheep while the farmers were away. When they returned home at the end of the day, all they found were some eggs from the hens and some bacon from the pig. No meat had been sold since it was food for people instead of animal feed.
People believed that eating meat on Fridays was bad for your health. This is why farmers ate everything else available first before turning to meat again months later. During periods of famine, farmers sometimes killed their livestock instead of eating them too.
Depending on where they were erected, ancient Mesopotamian dwellings were made of mud bricks or reeds. Near rivers and marsh regions, people lived in reed huts. Sun-dried mud bricks were used to construct dwellings in drier places. Mud brick houses typically featured one or two rooms and flat roofs. They could be as small as a cubicle for a single person or as large as a palace for a king.
Mud brick was also used to build temples and other religious structures. These buildings often had flat roofs that were covered with clay to make them waterproof. The Babylonians built many such structures around 1800 B.C. Some of the most famous examples are the Ishtar Gate and the Hanging Gardens of Babylon.
House types varied according to social class. Merchants owned homes that were usually larger than those of farmers or workers. People who served in government offices had more spacious apartments.
In conclusion, the Babylonians lived in mud brick houses on the banks of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers.