An obelisk made of stone The Washington Monument is a hollow Egyptian-style stone obelisk with a 500-foot (152.4 m) tall column and a 55-foot (16.8 m) tall pyramidion atop it. It has walls that are 15 feet (4.6 meters) thick at the base and 1 1/2 feet (0.46 meters) thick at the top. The monument was built from 1848 to 1884, primarily under the direction of Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Bernard. It was designed as a tribute to America's first president, George Washington.
In addition to being one of the world's largest stone monuments, the Washington Monument is also one of the most expensive buildings to be constructed entirely from stone. The cost of the monument was estimated to be $14 million in 1900, but today this number is closer to $55 million.
The Washington Monument stands on federal property in Washington, D.C. It is maintained by the National Park Service. Visitors can climb to the top of the monument for a view that includes downtown Washington, D.C.; Baltimore, Maryland; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; New York City, New York; Boston, Massachusetts; and Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
People have been building enormous statues of their favorite heroes since the 5th century B.C. The Colossus of Rhodes, which was destroyed by an earthquake, was one of the first such monuments. Since then, many more have been erected around the world. The Washington Monument is the largest of these statues.
An obelisk is the Washington Monument in Washington, D.C. A towering structure with four gradually sloping sides and a pyramid form on top is known as an obelisk. The obelisk was initially seen in ancient Egyptian architecture. The Washington Monument towers over the Great Pyramid of Giza by 100 feet. It is the world's third-tallest statue.
The Washington Monument was built from 1829 to 1854. It was designed by Thomas Jefferson without any knowledge of future technology or engineering practices. The monument features Angle-Towering, which means that its walls are tapered toward the top in order to provide greater strength where it is needed most. The weight of the stone on the upper parts of the wall is great enough to cause the ground to cave in under it if not supported by something else.
Since its completion the Washington Monument has become an iconic symbol of America. It is one of the National Historic Landmarks in Washington, D.C.
An obelisk from Egypt The Washington Monument, designed in the style of an Egyptian obelisk to evoke the timelessness of ancient civilizations, reflects the nation's awe, respect, and appreciation for its most important Founding Father. At 555 feet and 5-1/8 inches, the Washington Monument was the highest building in the world when it was finished. Today, it remains the third tallest free-standing stone monument in the world behind the Statue of Liberty and the Eiffel Tower.
The Washington Monument was built from 1829 to 1854 by French immigrant Jean Baptiste Pierre Ingenier. It was originally known as the National Monument but was later named after our first president, George Washington.
In 1791, Congress authorized the construction of a memorial to honor President Washington. The legislation called for the creation of a statue of Washington "to be erected on a mount of proper character near the city of Washington." However, due to financial difficulties, this statute was not followed through with until many years later. In 1824, Congress passed another law authorizing the secretary of state to send letters of inquiry to European countries regarding possible monuments for Washington, D.C. No response came from any country other than France which said it would build the monument if funds could be found.
So, in 1826, the government of France agreed to fund the project if Congress would pay half of the cost. But after some time, no money had been received so the contract was cancelled by the government in 1829.
The Washington Monument is not technically an obelisk because it is not composed of a single piece of stone. That doesn't make it any less stunning. In fact, after Washington died, Congress considered enshrining his ashes in a marble pyramid inside the Capitol Rotunda, according to Handy. They rejected this idea because they wanted to honor him with something more enduring than marble.
In 1848, when Congress again considered what kind of monument to honor Washington, they decided on an obelisk. The bill that was passed into law called for the erection of "a free-standing white marble obelisk 120 feet high." It was to be made entirely of polished white marble (with some exceptions regarding its base and interior features).
The bill's author, Representative John Calhoun, said that the purpose of the monument would be "to perpetuate his name and achievements," adding: "The world will look upon this ashen desert and wonder at the power of republican government."
You may have seen photos or drawings of Thomas Jefferson's tomb, which looks like an obelisk too. But it's actually called a "monumental burial chamber" because it's shaped like a lot of different things including a house, a cathedral, and even a rocket ship!