Paris's Eiffel Tower The Eiffel Tower was designed to be one of the primary attractions during the 1889 Paris World's Fair. That year, the World's Fair took up the whole Champ de Mars in Paris, with the focus on the massive iron and steel structures that represented the enormous industrial advances of the day. The tower was named after its designer, Gustave Eiffel.
The tower is 324 meters (1,079 feet) high and has a base diameter of 70 meters (230 feet). It is the most popular tourist attraction in Paris and is visited by over 50 million people a year. The elevator alone can carry 32 people at a time.
The tower was used as a radio antenna until 1969 when it was replaced by a taller structure called the Tour Novaise (New York City's Radio City Music Hall is similar to the Parisian landmark but not based on it). Since then, the Eiffel Tower has been used primarily for entertainment purposes.
It started out as a temporary structure at the World's Fair in 1889 but has since become an iconic part of Paris's identity. The tower has appeared in many movies, including some featuring Marilyn Monroe, and it has been the setting of many songs by artists such as Frank Sinatra, Louis Armstrong, and Diana Ross.
The first human being to climb the Eiffel Tower was Alexandre Taché from Canada who accomplished the feat on July 13, 1890.
The Eiffel Tower, also known as "La Tour Eiffel" in French, was the major attraction during the 1889 Paris Exposition (or "World's Fair"). It was built to mark the centenary of the French Revolution and to showcase France's economic superiority to the rest of the globe. The tower is named after its creator, Gustave Eiffel.
The tower is 164 meters (541 feet) high and has a diameter at the base of about 30 meters (100 feet). It weighs around 23,000 tons and is made up of aluminum alloy and steel wire mesh. There are actually three towers with four floors each, but the top two floors are shared. The cost of the tower was 1 million francs ($150,000), which made it at the time quite an expensive thing to build. However, since its construction it has been estimated to be worth about $40 million today.
The tower was a huge success and is considered by many to be the first true skyscraper. Before the Eiffel Tower was built, the highest point in Paris was the dome of the Invalides military museum, so it can be said that the Eiffel Tower started the modern skyscraper tradition that is so popular today. The tower also proved to be very useful for broadcasting news over radio waves for the first time in history. The original electric lights on the tower were powered by a generator which used steam from a powerful motor to turn a large dynamo.
The Eiffel Tower (Tour Eiffel) was built in 1889 for the Exposition Universelle and has become the most recognizable emblem of Paris. The tower is a monument to the science and technology of the day, designed by Gustave Eiffel.
It is made up of iron girders with wrought-iron cross-sections, held up by masonry walls about forty feet high. The entire structure can be dismantled easily, transported, and reassembled in another location.
The tower is 324 feet tall, including its foundation, and weighs nearly 14,000 tons. It is the tallest free-standing metal structure in the world.
An exhibition hall on the first floor of the tower features a large globe sculpture by Alfred Janniot, which used to be illuminated at night time. This visual attraction was one of the main attractions at the 1889 World's Fair, where it was known as the "Mirror of Nature."
In addition to its use at the World's Fair, the Eiffel Tower has been popularly associated with Paris since its construction. It is one of the most photographed landmarks in the world and has appeared in many films, books, and advertisements.
The tenth Exposition Universelle was held in Paris in 1889, from May 15th to November 6th, and the Eiffel Tower was erected for this purpose. The world's fair was a great success and many countries sent representatives to show off their products.
The Eiffel Tower is one of the most famous monuments in France and has been called a "giant wedding cake" because of its intricate design of layers representing different levels. The tower was also used as a radio antenna during the second world war.
It took more than three years to complete the project and it was paid for by public money. The annual cost of operating the tower today is about $50 million (55 million euros).
Its height has increased over time to reach 468 meters (1544 feet) now. The original plan was to build only to the first floor but after public protests they went up another 49 meters (1640 feet) so that the top of the tower would be exactly 545 meters (1765 feet) above sea level.
In 1989, after nearly 100 years of construction, the Eiffel Tower finally opened its doors to the public. It is visited by more than 50 million people each year and it is the most photographed monument in the world.