It was a big cemetery where some Maya people were interred. The bush surrounds the city. Only a few temples can be seen from the sky, notably the Temple of the Great Jaguar. This is known as the 'Lost World.' It was once home to major ceremonial structures and is one of the city's oldest neighborhoods.
The temple is believed to have been built around 600 AD by the Maya people. It is made of stone and has two rooms. In the first room there are eight stucco masks on long poles that once had human faces. Each mask is different and represents a powerful deity or king. The second room has an image of the god Kukulkan covered in scales with a dragon's head and neck. There are also several other deities represented by murals in the temple.
Kukulkan was probably the main deity worshipped at the site before it was abandoned around 800 AD. After its discovery in 1952, more than 20 pieces of jade, gold, and silver jewelry were found inside the temple, which shows that the area was important during the Maya period.
The temple is located in the center of the city but only parts of it are visible from the air because most of it is covered by trees. However, you can see the ball court next to the temple, which shows that this was once a major ceremonial site.
The Mayans chose to build around a central plaza, where the most significant structures, those participating in public festivities, were placed. Pyramids, some with a wooden temple constructed on top, palaces, ball courts, temples, and privileged houses surround the center square. The largest structure in the world by volume is also located in Mexico, the Dzibikna pyramid built by the Maya around 600 AD. It is estimated that the pyramid covers about 30,000 m2 (323,073 ft2), which is less than one fifth of one percent of the total area of Mexico City.
In addition to serving as a place for religious practices and community events, the plazas were important tools for communication and commerce within the Mayan cities. They were used to host major public ceremonies, such as wars, trade agreements, royal births, and coronations. These events could last for months and involve thousands of people from across the Mayan realm. The most important ones were always held in large pyramids or other prominent buildings outside of the city walls. For example, the Battle of Campeche was held in a pyramidal stage near the town's cathedral. The fighting lasted for several days until a Mayan king was able to kill his opponent and take command of the army.
After the battle, the victorious king ordered that the stage be pulled down and its wood burned so it could not be rebuilt.
All of the great Mayan sites had palaces. These structures were built in the centre of the city, near the Maya pyramids and temples. In certain cases, the palaces were quite enormous, multistory constructions, indicating that the kingdom was ruled by a sophisticated bureaucracy. However, most palaces were only one story high, which suggests that they were not used for royal residence, but rather for government offices.
The Mayan palace architecture is very similar to that of the Aztecs, who ruled over part of Mexico at the same time as the Mayans. The main difference is that the Aztec palaces were much larger than those of their Mayan counterparts.
Maya palaces usually have an outer wall with an open area inside where there may have been gardens or other forms of recreation. There are several examples of ball courts located within the walls of some palaces. These probably served as places where the rulers exercised power by playing games before large crowds of people.
Most Mayan palaces have been destroyed, probably because they were made out of wood which would have burned in the fires set by the invading Spaniards. Only the stone foundations remain today.
However, there is one site where several palaces have been preserved. This site is Palenque, in southern Mexico.
The architecture of the Maya civilisation is well-known. Many city-states constructed massive palaces, pyramids, and other public structures that are still standing today. To honor their gods and to memorialize their monarchs, the structures were adorned in carvings and statues.
The Maya built large cities that covered hundreds of acres with intricate plazas and ornate buildings. They also made tools, weapons, and objects from metal for use in war or as ceremonial offerings. Before the discovery of America, the world was aware of the great achievements of the Maya thanks to books like "The Travels of Marco Polo" written by Matteo Ricci in the 15th century.
The Maya developed a writing system around the year 300 A.D. that used columns of numbers instead of letters like those used in Europe at the time. This method would later become known as numeracy. The numbers were based on the position of the stars at the time of your birth (astronomy) and they could be used to predict events such as battles or floods (mathematics).
The Maya reached their zenith between 250 and 900 A.D. There were several factors that led up to this era of growth. First, there was an increase in warfare that resulted in many sacrifices being made during ritual ceremonies. These soldiers and prisoners were often forced to work on projects in the cities where they were kept under guard.