Greek temples were huge structures with a very basic architecture. The Parthenon, located on the Acropolis in Athens, is the most famous temple of Ancient Greece. It was constructed in honor of the goddess Athena. The Parthenon was created in the Doric architectural style. Doric architecture has strong ties to northern Greece and Italy and can be seen in many buildings there today.
Other important Greek temples include those at Olympia, Epidauros, Delphi, and Metapontum.
The Greeks were the first people to use concrete for large-scale construction projects - such as roads, bridges, and buildings. Concrete is made from limestone and clay, which are mixed together with water to form a hard, elastic material that can be used for buildings or statues. The Greeks used this technique during the 5th century B.C. At that time, they were also using stone columns to support their roofs. The Romans would later adopt this technology and use it extensively in their buildings.
Ancient Greeks were also the first people to use iron for tools and weapons. In fact, all tools and weapons used by soldiers in Ancient Greece were made of iron. Gold, silver, and bronze were used only for jewelry or as currency.
In conclusion, the most important type of building in Ancient Greece was the temple.
Acropolis Temples and political structures were frequently constructed on top of a hill, or acropolis. The famed Parthenon of Athens is a surviving example of a building key to an ancient acropolis. The Parthenon was a temple erected to worship Athena, the goddess of wisdom. It was built around 438 B.C. by the Athenians as a gift for their city's victory over Sparta at the Battle of Marathon.
Other important sites include the Agora (marketplace) and the Acropolis Museum (museum).
Government buildings and temples were commonly constructed in ancient Greece. The word "acropolis" means "highest point" in Greek. So, these buildings were constructed on top of hills because that was where they would be most visible to anyone traveling up the roads they created. The famous Temple of Zeus at Olympia was built entirely of wood and covered with gold leaf, which would have made it very shiny when new. This temple was destroyed by fire in 548 B.C., but it has been rebuilt several times since then.
The location of ancient cities often depended on what kind of land they were built on. If there were rocks available to use as building material, they might build their homes near the site where the rocks had come from. Otherwise, they would look for a spot where the soil was good quality and could be worked easily.
Parthenon The Parthenon is a temple that stands atop the Acropolis hill in Athens. It was dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena Parthenos and constructed in the mid-5th century BC ("Athena the Virgin"). The word "parthenon" means "virgin's house".
The monument was built by Phidias, one of the most important artists of his time. The sculpture collection inside the building is among the best in Greece.
It was destroyed by an arsonist in 1666 and not rebuilt until 1711 under King George II of Greece. The new building is slightly modified from its original design by Richard Stanton, who also designed London's British Museum.
The pediment on which it stands represents the city of Athens, whose emblem is a owl. On either side are sculptures of two female figures representing Peace and Wisdom. Behind them is a palm tree and, above, the inscription "to Athena, the Virgin".
The overall design of the building is based on that of the Temple of Apollo at Delphi. Like this other sacred site, the sanctuary of the Parthenon was used for administrative purposes as well as for religious ceremonies. In addition, it served as a meeting place for government officials. The building was therefore seen as a symbol of democracy in its early days.