Another church in Rome is Santa Maria. The Gothic-style church of Santa Maria Sopra Minerva near the Pantheon is the only one in Rome. It is said to have been the Temple of Minerva in the 13th century. The current building dates from 1250 but it has undergone many changes over time.
Santa Maria is interesting because it shows how Gothic architecture began in Italy. Before this time, Italian churches were built in Romanesque style. But when foreigners started building in Italy, they used French or English architects because there were no Italians who knew how to build these kinds of structures.
So the first Gothic buildings in Europe were not done by Germans or Frenchmen, but by Romans!
Minerva was Roman God of Wisdom and Crafts. His temple was located on the Capitoline Hill in Rome and it was destroyed during the Gaulish invasion in 390 BC. After that, no more temples were built on the site until 563 AD when a new one was constructed under Pope Venerio I. This temple was burned down in 1509 during the French invasion of Italy and it's said that Michelangelo painted his famous sculpture "David" inside its walls before sending it off to be cast in bronze.
The current version of the Santa Maria Sopra Minerva church was built between 1250 and 1257 by King Charles II of Anjou.
The Top 8 Churches in Rome
Santa Maria del Fiore Cathedral is a Gothic cathedral in Florence, Italy. The building started as the private chapel of the wealthy merchant family Buondelmonti and was completed in 1436 by Lorenzo Ghiberti. In 1516, after years of construction delays caused by funding problems, it was opened for public worship.
The cathedral has been designated by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site because of its unique combination of architecture and art. It is regarded as one of the most important works of art from the early Renaissance period. The cathedral's main entrance is through a large portico called the Porta Santa Maria, which means Holy Mary Gate. Inside are two rows of columns with Ionic capitals; above them are statues of eight prophets. At the end of the nave is a dome built by Filippo Brunelleschi that is considered to be the beginning of modern architectural theory.
The interior of the cathedral is divided into three naves and they each have their own style. The first (northern) section is called the nave magna and it is distinguished by its huge size and number of columns.
"The Pantheon is the world's oldest building that is still in use today." It has been a Roman Catholic church since the 7th century. It was the third version of the edifice, built approximately 125 A.D. by the Roman emperor Publius Aelius Hadrianus. The original structure was built around 70 B.C. by Marcus Verus.
Bram Stoker wrote and published Dracula in 1897. So, it can be considered one of the first horror novels. The story tells of a vampire who lives in Transylvania and travels to England where he begins killing people to drink their blood.
Spanning more than 100 years, Harry Potter uses many ancient spells such as Lumos or Levicorpus which have not been invented yet by wizards. These spells are forbidden by the Ministry of Magic but they are used every day by witches and wizards to protect themselves or others. Harry also meets Mediwizards who cure diseases using natural ingredients instead of medicine. These men were the predecessors of modern-day physicians.
In 496 B.C., Gaius Julius Caesar founded the city of Rome as its own independent state. This date is significant because it is before the birth of Jesus Christ. Christianity itself began around this time with the execution of Jesus Christ by the Romans.
Rome reached its zenith as an empire in A.D. 117.
The Pantheon (/'[email protected]/ or US/'paenthian/; Latin: Pantheon, from Greek Pantheon meaning "every god") is a building in Rome, Italy, built on the site of a previous structure commissioned by Marcus Agrippa during Augustus' reign (27 BC-14 AD). The original building was destroyed by fire in 80 or 81 AD and replaced with this version, which remains intact today. It is one of the best examples of Roman architecture.
The building was originally used for religious purposes and it was also called "the temple of all gods". It was thus either an assembly hall where important matters were debated by senators or a place where individual priests could plead their cases before the emperor. Today, it is considered to be one of the first modern museums: a space for public display of objects held by importance or interest to people. The word comes from the Greek oude monumentum, which means "what has been left" (or "remaining thing").
It is also believed that the original building had an open center, like a circus, which was then covered up by stone walls. This makes the Pantheon an early example of a covered courtyard. The idea may have been taken from earlier buildings such as the Temple of Apollo at Delphi or the Mausoleum of Augustus but it is not known for sure. The covering of the central area probably helped preserve the building and also prevented animals from being sacrificed inside it.