The Circus Maximus was distinguished by the following characteristics: The track's initial dimensions were 540 x 80 m and were coated in sand. There were 12 chariot starting gates (carceres) situated in an arc at the open end of the course. A decorative barrier (spina or euripus) runs along the center of the track, complete with obelisks. The spectators stood on ramps (rostra) or sat in tents (theatria). There were also boxes (loggie) where they could sit and eat their lunch while watching the races.
The Circus Maximus was built in 71 BC for the purpose of entertaining the people of Rome during the Festival of Conques. It was named after the king who sponsored its construction, Caesar Augustus. The circus was a huge success and many more years later it would be used for gladiator battles. By this time, however, these events were not held during the Festival of Conques but rather several months in advance when there was enough interest. They were fought between pairs of men dressed in animal skins and armed with swords and clubs. The games always started with a mock battle to determine which man was the better fighter. If you were lucky enough to win this fight then you would go on to face another opponent in a final match to the death. In addition to the box seats there were also areas where people could stand behind barriers (ridiculi) or sit on stools (curiae). These were the poor people's section of the circus.
The Circus Maximus was an elongated U-shaped structure with raised tiers of seats on three sides and a series of 12 starting gates called carceres along the open end. The word "circus" comes from kýκros, which is Greek for "circle." In English, the word "circus" has come to mean "a large circular building used as a public amusement venue," but that is not its original meaning.
The Circus Maximus was built in the late first century A.D. by Emperor Augustus to replace the older Circus Romeius. It was approximately two miles long and was surrounded by four rows of columns supporting the seating tiers. There were also porticos or open-air corridors between each row of columns. The Circus Maximus could hold 200,000 people with space for more during events such as chariot races. It was one of the largest structures ever built at that time.
The emperor would sit upon a golden throne on top of the main entrance to the Circus. From here, he would give orders to the crowds through a speaker who knew all their names and had written down what they said before going on stage. Then, he would watch the races begin.
There were twelve entrances to the Circus Maximus.
For practically the entire duration of the Circus Maximus' existence, there existed a brick wall barrier called the "spina" that was roughly twelve feet wide and four feet high. There were three columns on one base at each end, around which the horses and chariots rotated. At the top of the spina was a roof made up of wood and canvas covered with gold and silver coins. The whole thing probably took ten men a day to build-up.
The spina separated the spectators from the circus itself. It was erected for the first time by Emperor Augustus about 30 B.C., although it is not known exactly when it was built. Its purpose was to prevent unauthorised persons from gaining access to the arena and to provide a passage for those wishing to leave if the danger of injury or death from the performances had not already passed.
The spina was taken down once the last horse had finished its turn in the circus and was stored outside the boundary ropes until such time as it could be taken to a nearby temple and offered to Jupiter Capitolinus. If it was not so offered then it would be thrown away.
In ancient Rome, poverty was a great evil. People often had no choice but to watch the shows for free because they couldn't afford to pay to see them. This sometimes led to corruption among the slaves who worked with the animals because they didn't want to work for nothing.
Racing in a Chariot Circus Maximus chariot racing The circus was a special arena, shaped like a bullet, where chariot racing were held. The Circus Maximus in Rome was the largest of them. It could hold up to 250,000 people and was located in the Campus Martius (now part of downtown Rome). In addition to chariots racing, there were other events such as sword fights, gladiator shows and animal hunts.
Chariots raced around the track, driven by either a single driver or a pair of riders. There were many types of races including one-on-one battles called "suovetaurilia" and three-horse races called "trials." The most prestigious race was the ten-lap "circus maximus," which included both men and horses against time. The winner was determined by the number of laps completed.
The chariot was an important means of transportation for the Romans; they used them to travel throughout their empire. Racing became very popular among the upper class who built their houses near the stadium so they could watch their slaves race each other around the track.
There are many stories about how some Romans got on top in the world. One story tells of two brothers, one rich and famous, the other not so much.