Domus: domus were the homes of affluent Roman residents in cities. They were single-story dwellings constructed around a courtyard called an atrium. Atriums had no roofs and chambers that opened off of them. A wealthy Roman home included several rooms, including a kitchen, bath, dining room, bedrooms, and slave quarters.
Insulae: insula was a small island or piece of land surrounded by water. Insulae were built on plots of land too small to be used for anything else. Thus, they were often crowded, with many people living in extremely limited space. In ancient Rome, insulae were usually made of brick or stone and had flat roofs where wood or tile was used instead.
Magnus: a magnus house was large and luxurious; it belonged to a rich person. These houses had more than one floor, multiple rooms, and were located in desirable areas near public amenities. They could contain from 4 to 8 apartments.
Multifora: a multifora was a house with more than one floor. It had windows on all sides of the building and only one door. The term "multifora" comes from the Latin word multa fera, which means "many crimes." In ancient Rome, this type of house was so dangerous that only slaves or freedmen would live in them.
Water was delivered to the wealthy's homes via lead pipes. The Romans invented many things for which we are now grateful such as plumbing and roads but they didn't have our technology at the time to make buildings with reinforced concrete.
In fact, the earliest concrete structures in Europe were built in Rome around 500 AD. They were bridges!
The Romans used stone and brick as building materials which are still used today in some parts of the world. They also made use of wood, although this material accounted for only about 10% of their construction costs. The rest of the budget went toward hiring professional builders or self-employed workers who constructed homes themselves. When a house was finished, it was painted red to make it look new again after being exposed to the elements for so long.
People often think that the Romans must have been huge people to need houses that size but that's not true at all. Most rich people lived in two-room apartments and most slaves lived in cell-like rooms inside large houses. There were also many one-room apartments available for rent. In total, there might be as many as five people living in a house like this one.
They might be hazardous if they caught fire and, in certain cases, collapsed. The affluent elite resided in domus, which were huge single-family mansions. These houses were far superior to the insulae. The majority of Roman homes featured comparable characteristics and rooms. They were usually made of stone or brick and had flat roofs. There were two types of houses: those for people who were well off enough to own land, and those for anyone else who could not afford a house on their own.
The most common form of construction was the cavea, which was a circular space enclosed by a wall. This was used as a court for trials by battle or by vote. It could also be used for other purposes such as holding games or exhibitions. There were several forms of architecture developed over time that were used for theaters, arenas, and other public venues. These included the Greek amphitheater, the Indian edifice, and the Roman one. Each of these structures had features that made them unique but also dangerous in different ways. For example, an audience member at a theater could be thrown into the air as part of a spectacle or event, which could lead to injuries from falls down stairs or seats. People who worked at these sites could be hurt by falling objects or equipment.
Arenas were used for athletic competitions and religious rites. They were large open spaces with banks of seats around the perimeter.
A rich Roman family's villa was frequently more larger and more pleasant than their city house. There were several rooms, such as servants' quarters, courtyards, baths, pools, storage rooms, workout rooms, and gardens. They also featured contemporary conveniences like indoor plumbing and heated flooring.
The Romans built many such houses in what are now the countries of Italy, France, and Spain. Although they were usually very wealthy, they weren't public-spirited architects who made their buildings useful to everyone. No, they built them for themselves and their friends. In fact, there are only a few examples of ancient Roman buildings that remain today. The majority have been destroyed by fire, earthquake, or vandalism.
However, what remains can tell us a lot about life in Roman-occupied Europe. For example:
Baths were important at all levels of society - at the lowest rung of the ladder they would have been available at public toilets. Rich people had private bathrooms with showers, while common folk went to public baths where they could be shared.
The typical Roman house had three floors - ground level, first floor, and second floor. The bottom floor served as a garage or cellar for storing goods; it was not accessible without a key or lock. The top two floors were used as bedrooms by the family.
The principal rooms of the master's household were situated around the atrium: the little cubicula, or bedrooms; the tablinum, which functioned as a living room or study; and the triclinium, or dining-room. Roman dwellings were similar to Greek ones. The triclinium was frequently the same size as the main bedroom. There was also a small anteroom between the triclinium and the next room, the parlor. This was usually used as a library or office.
In larger houses, there might be other smaller rooms off the atrium, such as a maid's room or butler's pantry. There could be more than one cubicula in a house, if one family wanted to divide its space. Each cubicle had a door that opened onto a narrow corridor. The rooms could be anything from a few feet across to nearly 10 feet square. They usually didn't have windows but sometimes had small openings for air circulation. The floors were usually made of wood, although marble or tile were also used occasionally.
In smaller homes, a kitchen, dining room, and two bedrooms were all that were needed. In larger houses, there might be an attic story with more rooms, including a playroom, sewing room, or hobby room. There could even be a basement, though these were not common in Rome itself. Basements were often used for wine cellars or garages.
Ancient Rome's Three Housing Types Not everyone in Rome lived in large villas with their own homes. Most people lived in small apartments, which were often attached to others like theirs for privacy. In order to have more space, they built larger apartment blocks called cauponae. Finally, some very rich people owned entire towns that included houses for themselves and their employees.
The three types of Roman villas are farmhouses, cottage industries, and town houses. They all had similar functions: providing food, shelter, and protection from danger. The differences between them were their size and how far they were from the center of town.
A farmhouse was usually only one story high with rooms for sleeping, cooking, and eating. It was probably located on land that someone owned, such as an estate or a farmer's field. This type of house would not be suitable for living in alone because there was no way to lock it up out of sight when you went to work or school. If someone wanted more privacy, they could live in a one-room structure called a "cabin." There was also a two-story type of cabin called a "boathouse" that could be used for living in.