Mount Royal Park (French: Parc du Mont-Royal) is located on the mountain and is one of Montreal's major greenspaces. The park was created by Frederick Law Olmsted (who also co-designed New York City's Central Park) and opened in 1876, albeit it was not completed to his specifications. The original design included a road called the Long Path that would have gone all the way up the mountain but this part is now under construction.
In addition to being a park, Mount Royal is also part of an urban forest reserve. This means that no trees will be cut down if they are not necessary for maintenance purposes.
There are several reasons why this project was never finished. First of all, Frederick Law Olmsted died in Puerto Rico at the age of 63; he was probably sick from all the travel involved with designing this park. Then in 1920, the city decided to change the design to make the path longer. Finally, in 2006, the city announced that it would take another 10 years to finish the project due to budget constraints.
Even though it has not been completed yet, people have been visiting and enjoying the park since it first opened. A fun fact is that the road that wasn't supposed to be there originally was once used as a race track for motorized vehicles!
Finally, here is something interesting about the history of the park that may not be known to everyone.
Mount Royal (French: Mont Royal, IPA: [mo Rwa'jal]) is a major volcanic-related hill or small mountain in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, located directly west of Downtown Montreal. The summit of the hill is a national park and has several observatories that are open to the public.
Mount Royal is so named because it was originally thought to be the work of giants. The English called it "Monte Rosso," which is how it appears on French maps.
Today, scientists say the rock on Mount Royal is actually part of the larger Montagne Robertale range, which stretches from New York City to Vancouver Island. However, until relatively recently, it was thought to be an independent volcano.
The first recorded sighting of the mountain by a European was in 1657 by Pierre Dugua, Sieur de Mons, who claimed it for France. In fact, he had come across the mountain while searching for gold but didn't realize it at the time. Later, when returning home, he reported his findings to officials who confirmed his claim. From then on, the mountain became known as "La Montaigne du Saint-Louis" (the mount of Louis).
In 1791, George Simonds came across the mountain while hunting with his dog.
Mount Royal is located near Montreal. Mount Royal is a deep extension of a highly eroded ancient volcanic complex that was most likely active around 125 million years ago. As a result, the Michelin Guide to Montreal claims that it is an extinct volcano. However, the official website of the City of Montreal states that while some parts of the mountain are indeed volcanic, others are not. It also mentions that there has been no activity at the summit for about 10,000 years.
However, both the Michelin Guide and the city's website note that much of what we call today's Mount Royal was actually formed by lava flows from adjacent volcanoes. The first evidence of volcanic activity on what would become Mount Royal comes from well-preserved pumice layers found in the mountain's lower reaches. These layers were deposited when large amounts of volcanic ash fell into lakes that covered much of eastern Canada at this time.
As the lava cooled below 100 degrees Celsius, it turned into rock that contains small crystals of glass called obsidian. This obsidian came from the island of New Britain in Papua New Guinea and it was probably traded over many years with Native Americans before being used as tool handles by early French settlers on the continent.
Mount Royal Park remains open and accessible to tourists who like to enjoy an expedition to the mountain, in addition to our visitor welcome, gift shop, and food and beverage facilities (take-out menu only).
The park has changed somewhat since it was created in 1638, but you can still see examples of the original land division that gave rise to Montreal's downtown area: there are English, French, and Indian villages within its borders. The summit of Mount Royal is where the three religions started. The Anglicans built their village first, which is now part of Downtown Montreal; the Roman Catholics followed later with their church and school; and the Jesuits came last but not least with their mission and burial ground.
Today, Mount Royal is a popular destination for hiking, biking, and in-line skating. There are also several museums and galleries around the city that are worth visiting including the Canadian Museum of History, the McCord Museum, and the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts.
There are many ways to get around town using public transportation, but if you want to save some money then we recommend that you try to find a way to walk or use bicycle lanes instead. Bike rentals are available at most hotels, and you can also look for ones that offer free parking.
On his second expedition to Canada in 1535–1536, Jacques Cartier selected the site of Montreal for a colony. In fact, he named the 760-foot summit rising over the St. Lawrence River Mont-Real. When the French colonized what is now Quebec, they found a strong Indian population living in large villages on the shores of the St. Lawrence and along the lower reaches of several rivers. They called these communities "metays." The most important was that of the Montagnais, who lived near where present-day Montreal lies within the limits of the city. Cartier's arrival in November 1535 was followed by those of many other Europeans, including members of the same company that sponsored him. In April 1536, Jean Nicolet arrived with two ships' loads of French colonists who had been sent by Francis I to establish a settlement at Fort Caroline (near modern-day Jacksonville, Florida). After suffering terrible hardships, most of them died from disease or violence. A few survivors went on to build another town, which they called Nouvelle-France, across the river from the Indian village.
The history of Montreal begins with the founding of the town in 1657 by Charles II. He wanted to make sure that an attempt by the Dutch to take control of New France would not succeed, so he ordered the construction of a large fort on the site where today's city stands.