Gustave Eiffel, a French engineer whose firm specialized in designing metal frames and structures, erected the Eiffel Tower from 1887 to 1889. He wanted to create a new kind of monument that would be admired throughout the world.
The Eiffel Tower is located in Paris, France, and it is one of the most famous landmarks in the city. It is also one of the best-known iron structures outside of Europe. The tower is 287 m (948 ft) high and has been called "the great umbrella that shades Paris". It is the tallest free-standing iron structure in the world. Gustave Eiffel's son designed another well-known iron structure, the Statue of Liberty, which was completed four years after the Eiffel Tower was built.
You may have seen pictures of the Eiffel Tower online or in magazines. But did you know that it was originally painted red, white, and blue? In 1890, two years after it was completed, the tower was given its current color scheme: gold, silver, and black.
During World War I, when the tower was used as a radio antenna, it was painted in an official French government color, which was not red, white, and blue but rather orange, green, and yellow.
Gustave Eiffel (1832–1923) designed the Eiffel Tower, which bears his name. But he wasn't the only one working to make his idea a reality. Two of his company's engineers, Maurice Koechlin and Emile Nouguier, were also recognized for their contributions to the project. On the job site, between 120 and 200 workers were employed. They built the tower in sections and assembled them on site. The total number of man-hours required to construct the tower is not known; estimates range from 20 million to 60 million hours.
The Eiffel Tower is made up of approximately 2,300 parts, with each part being worked on for about three months before being shipped off to the next station. Each section that gets added to the tower increases its height by about 40 feet (12 meters). It took more than 10 years to complete the project. The Eiffel Tower was opened to the public on June 30, 1889.
As you can see, the Eiffel Tower is a very complex structure that requires extensive labor and expertise to create. In addition to designers like Gustave Eiffel and builders like those at Henri Coppat & Son, who created all the scaffolding used during construction, many other professionals must be involved in order for the tower to be completed.
The history of the Eiffel Tower is part of our national heritage. For decades, it has served as a symbol of France and Paris. However, when Gustave Eiffel completed its construction in 1889, the tower was originally planned to be a transitory fixture in the Parisian landscape and was far from being the city's favorite icon.
In the beginning, the Eiffel Tower was designed for the World's Fair in Exposition Universelle (or Universal Exhibition) that was held in Paris in 1878. It was one of many foreign monuments that were displayed to French visitors. The fair lasted only six months and its main attraction was gone before most foreigners had a chance to see it. When the Exposition closed, the government decided that the Eiffel Tower should become an official monument of France. It was at this time that people started calling it the "World's Clock" because of its prominent location on the Champ de Mars and the fact that the clock in its base was calibrated in both French and English clocks.
In 1900, after the Paris Peace Conference, the Eiffel Tower became an official memorial to the victims of two world wars. Today, it remains a popular destination with over 70 million tourists each year. The Eiffel Tower is also famous for its illumination ceremony which takes place every night during the summer months. Over 300,000 light bulbs illuminate the tower until it's appearance changes with each color representing someone who lost their life in war.
Why was the Eiffel Tower constructed? The Eiffel Tower was designed to be one of the primary attractions during the 1889 Paris World's Fair. That year, the World's Fair took up the whole Champ de Mars in Paris, with the focus on the massive iron and steel structures that represented the enormous industrial advances of the day. The Eiffel Tower is exactly what it sounds like-the name is French for "Tower." It was designed by Gustave Eiffel and built by SNCF (French Railways).
After the fair closed, it became apparent that another major attraction was needed to replace the fading public enthusiasm for the Iron Man. In 1887, a group of investors hired the famous French architect Charles Garnier to design a new opera house. Although this project never came to be, it did give rise to the idea of building something else entirely new on the Champ de Mars-something that would attract visitors from all over the world. In 1890, Jules Laquerriere submitted a proposal for a monument to honor France's military victories. The tower would be made of wrought iron and reach a height of 456 feet (137 m). It was an impressive proposal but not one that had any real chance of being built due to lack of funding.
Two years later, a newspaper article brought attention to the Eiffel Tower project again. This time, it was suggested that the tower be converted into a giant radio antenna that could broadcast music around the world.