There, houses are made from clay and wood. Each house is built on the rooftop of another house, and each roof is the court of the upper house. These stepped villages can be found throughout Iran's mountains, with the most well-known being Masuleh and Qazvin in the north.
In the south, there are many traditional houses made from stone. In Khuzestan's capital city of Ahvaz, you can visit several houses like these. They exhibit unique designs and patterns that have been used for hundreds of years by local builders.
Iran has a long history of using stones for building purposes. Due to the nature of the soil and the climate, stones are a perfect material for creating buildings. Even today, many people in rural areas continue this ancient practice and use only natural materials for their homes. There are even some cities where you cannot find a single building made of concrete or bricks!
The best time to visit Iranian houses is during national holidays or public events when they are not occupied. However, you can also go anywhere in one of these villages without anyone complaining as long as you don't block the streets.
Some statistics estimate that there are at least 50,000 inhabited houses in Iran. Although this number is high, it is estimated that more than 100,000 houses exist nationwide.
Houses are composed of clay and wood there. Each home is built on the roof of another building, and each roof is the higher house's court. The lower house is used for storage and as a place to eat food that has been preserved by drying or smoking. The upper house is where the family lives.
Clay is the main material used to build the houses because it is easy to work with and durable enough for most needs. Sometimes walls are also made of stone but these are rare. Wood is then used to construct roofs which can be attached to the wall structure or placed separately. The walls usually have several openings including one for entering and another one for exiting. There might also be a hole in the top center of the roof for venting smoke.
People lived in a house until recently. In modern times, houses are also made of bricks or stones but they are not as common now as they were earlier.
There are many different types of houses across Iran such as caves, tents, wattle-and-daub, mud, brick, tile, carports, and patio homes. Caves and tents are the two simplest kinds of houses. A cave is when you use natural materials to build your house like rocks and trees.
This office and retail building in Hamedan, northern Iran, features a brick facade that spreads out to create a wave-like roof that members of the public may climb and sit on. More information on the Termeh Office Building >> New Wave Architecture's Mosha House.
The Wave Building was designed by Iranian architect Nader Afshar for the University of Hamedan. It stands next to the university's main library and consists of three floors of offices and a ground floor of shops and restaurants. The building is made of red bricks with white accents and its roof is covered in green tiles. It was unveiled during Iran's Science Festival in October 2009 and was described by some critics as "the Eiffel Tower of Iran" because of its resemblance to the tower outside Paris. However, others have pointed out that it is more like a big shoe box with a roof.
The Wave Building is not the only innovative design from Iran's architecture community. Here are five more recent projects that have been built or are under construction.
1. Milad Tower (Midtown Manhattan) - This is a skyscraper under construction in Tehran that will be the tallest building in Iran when it is completed in 2016. The tower is designed by Farshid Moussavi and has been called the "Taj Mahal of Teheran". It will contain shopping malls, offices, apartments, a theatre, and a museum.
Traditional Persian home architecture is the architecture used by builders and craftsmen to build vernacular dwellings in Greater Iran and the neighboring regions. The art incorporates aspects and civilizations from both Islamic and pre-Islamic eras.
They are based on the principle that a house should be as close as possible to a natural environment for greater warmth during cold seasons and less dependence on electricity.
These homes rely heavily on timber, which comes from trees grown in the region, so they would not be considered sustainable today. However, many modern houses in Tehran and other large cities are now made with recycled materials and energy efficient appliances, so this aspect is changing slowly.
The most important feature of a traditional Persian home is its roof. It determines how the rest of the house is arranged and what functions it will serve. The typical flat or slightly sloping roof is made of tiles or shingles and covers an area of about 100 square meters (10,764 sq ft).
Other common features include: a wall around three quarters of the yard to provide privacy; a fountain in the center of the yard for drinking water and entertainment purposes; a barbecue pit for cooking food outdoors; and a hammam (bathroom) with a jacuzzi, sauna, and hot springs for relaxing after a long day at work or playing with one's family.