The Parthenon (on the left) and the Acropolis Museum (on the right). The museum is located on the Acropolis hill's southeastern slope, on the old route that went up to the "holy rock" in classical times. Today this road leads only to the entrance of the archaeological site.
The Parthenon is a temple built in 447 BC by the Athenians as a gift to the goddess Athena in return for their victory over the Persians at the Battle of Marathon. It was modeled after the original Parthenon in Athens, which had been built around 432 BC. The original temple was destroyed by the Turks in 1687. The new Parthenon stands on the site of the old one and is an important symbol for Athens. It can be visited through its own entrance on Efpliou street.
The Acropolis is a fortified hill in Athens; it is where the city's main temples were located during ancient times. The word comes from the Greek oikos (house) + akros (highest), and refers to the ancient citadel of Athens.
The Parthenon is a prominent landmark in Athens, Greece, that lies atop the Acropolis, a massive granite hill. It was dedicated to the goddess Athena and was erected approximately 2,500 years ago. The building has long been considered one of the highest expressions of sculptural beauty achieved by human hands. With its large-scale decorative elements, including ionic columns and a gilded roof, it is among the most beautiful buildings in the world.
The temple was built as a gift from the Athenian people to the goddess Athena, who had brought them prosperity during their war with Sparta. It was constructed over a period of about 15 years, between 447 and 421 B.C., under the leadership of Phidias, an artist from the island of Cos. He may have used as his design the gold and ivory model that he made for the statue of Athena that now stands in the British Museum.
In 1687 the Ottoman Turks destroyed most of the Acropolis, including the Temple of Athena Parthenos, but they left the Propylaea, which leads to the entrance of the Acropolis, intact. This was probably because they needed such a monumental gateway to protect themselves against attack by soldiers coming up from the south.
The Acropolis of Athens is an ancient fortress perched on a rocky outcrop above the city of Athens. It has the remnants of numerous ancient monuments of great architectural and historical value, the most renowned of which is the Parthenon. The word "Acropolis" means "superb place". The term refers to the high rock upon which the fortress stands. This is where the Greek gods were said to have watched over Athens and fought battles with the king of Athens, who was also a god.
The origins of the Acropolis go back as far as the 12th century BC. However, most of it was built during the 5th century BC under the leadership of Pericles. The temple of Athena Nike (Athena Armed with a Spear) was the largest building in Greece at that time. It was burned down by the Persians in 480 BC but rebuilt within a few years. Other important buildings on the acropolis include the Propylaea, which is a gateway through which visitors enter the site today, and the Temple of Theseus, one of the Ancient World's most beautiful temples. It was here that Athenian youths went to be purified before entering religious ceremonies.
In 396 BC, after many years of occupation by invading armies, the Acropolis came under the control of Athens once again.
The name "acropolis" is a generic phrase, and there are several acropoleis throughout Greece. However, it is the only one that remains intact today.
The word "citadel" comes from Latin caitatus meaning "closed off," and refers to a fortified town within a larger settlement. In this case, the term describes the area enclosed by the walls and towers of the Acropolis itself. The word was first used to describe the defense works built by Herod the Great on Mount Zion in Jerusalem.
Athens was founded around 500 B.C. by Athenians who migrated down from their mountainous homeland after suffering severe climate changes that caused crop failures and famine. The newcomers settled along the coast, where they built a city that became one of the largest in Europe. Over time, they expanded up the slopes of the holy mountain, building their temples and other public buildings while maintaining their defenses. By 400 B.C., the city was officially declared a "fortress" (kitaioi). This means that the residents were allowed to build higher structures on the Acropolis, which had been forbidden until then.
The Acropolis is a unique monument because it contains parts that date back to various periods of Greek history.
A New Finalist for the 7 Wonders Many notable archaeological sites may be found on the Acropolis of Athens. The Parthenon, a temple dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena, is the most well-known. The Acropolis of Athens is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The seventh century B.C. was a time of great development in Greece. Colonies were founded throughout the mainland and islands, including Aegina, Cos, Laconia, Lesbos, Naxos, and Siphnos. These cities were mainly fortified homes with walls and gates built around central plazas where houses would be built with multiple floors for defense reasons. There were no banks at this time, so people kept their money in jars or clay pots. These objects are called "aspides" (singular: aspidismos). As you might guess from the name, an aspidismos was used for storing seeds.
Athens was the center of the ancient world for philosophy, literature, science, and politics. This famous site has been home to schools, courts, temples, and prisons since 700 B.C. It is not known who built the original structures on the Acropolis but they have been restored over time. The current appearance of the site dates from about 400 B.C. when it was painted white with red roofs in honor of the goddess Athena.
The Parthenon is a temple that stands atop the Acropolis hill in Athens. It was dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena Parthenos and constructed in the mid-5th century BC ("Athena the Virgin"). The building is an early example of neoclassical architecture.
The location of the Parthenon is defined by four streets: Vasileios Georgiou, Evripidis Ralli, Areos, and Ioannis Skleros. These streets are named after four former mayors of Athens. Today, these streets are also known as Ermou, Vardariotis, Aiolos, and Iolaos Streets respectively.
The building stands on the highest point of the Acropolis and is one of the most important monuments in Greece. It measures 41 m by 10 m and has a base diameter of 70.7 m. The total weight of the structure is approximately 22 million kg (49 million lb).
The exterior of the Parthenon is decorated with sculptured metopes made of marble from the local sanctuary of Eleusis. The frieze and pediment are painted bright colors including red, blue, and yellow. The inside of the temple is illuminated by sunlight coming through the oculus at the top center of the cella (inner room). This allows visitors to see inside even during daylight hours.