The St Ouen Cathedral The organ of Rouen's St. Ouen Cathedral. Built in 1856 by Aristide Cavaillé-Coll, it is one of the last great French Renaissance organs. It includes some unusual features for its time including an electric pump to draw water into the reservoir, a heat exchanger to keep it warm, and a motor to operate the fan.
The Notre Dame de Paris The world's largest church-based organ was built by Jürgensen and premiered on October 23, 1960. It consists of 3,913 pipes and can be divided into three parts: the Great Organ (Pipe Organ), the Pedal Organ and the Choral Organ (which is used for vocal music).
The Strasbourg Cathedral This huge Gothic building stands in Strasbourg's Old Town district and was constructed between 1262 and 1450. The organ inside dates from 1631 and is one of the most important instruments of its kind in Europe. It has 3 manuals, one for each choir, plus an additional manual for the basses. There are also pedals, one for soft chords and another for loud ones. The action on all keys is mechanical.
Here are three to get you started.
On November 30, 2012, in Paris, a view of the great organ within the Notre-Dame de Paris church. 'Appearance to Thomas' and 'Appearance to the Apostles by Lake Tiberias,' from 'Appearances of the Risen Christ,' are shown on a chancel screen inside Notre-Dame Cathedral in Paris on March 21, 2017. The image was painted by Italian artist Giuseppe Vasi between 1754 and 1756.
The organ is one of the largest in Europe. It has three manuals, which are large keyboards for playing notes, ten pedals, which are small keys or pads used to change the sound of certain notes, and a large number of pipes. The organ was built between 1605 and 1615 by French organ builders Noel le Manoir and his son Jean le Manoir. They took as their inspiration an organ built earlier in France by Orlande de Lassus called the "Organum Magnum in Urbe." That instrument had 80 stops, more than any other European organ at that time.
Notre-Dame de Paris was first built in the 11th century but it wasn't until the late 14th century that the current building was constructed.
The Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris was engulfed in flames on Monday night. Police say they are treating the fire which destroyed much of the building as arson.
The blaze broke out before midnight during a dramatic ceremony held regularly at the site to mark the end of Lent and the beginning of Easter Week.
Firefighters were able to contain the fire to the cathedral's roof but not before it had destroyed much of the building's interior.
The cause of the fire is not yet known but police investigation has ruled out negligence or criminal activity.
In a statement, French President Emmanuel Macron said he was "stupefied" by the fire and offered his support to those who might be affected by it.
"We are all shocked at the fire that has just ravaged Notre Dame Cathedral," the president wrote on Twitter. "Stupefied but also outraged human spirit. I send my condolences to the families affected."
Macron announced that he would hold an emergency meeting with his cabinet later on Monday to discuss the fire damage estimate and future protection efforts for important cultural sites.