Getty. Art Nouveau in Budapest, Hungary. Art Nouveau was popular in Budapest from the late 1800s through the early 1900s, and the city is still one of the greatest sites to observe the architectural style today. The best way to see all that Art Nouveau has to offer is by taking a guided tour. For only $5 per person, you can enjoy everything from gilded elevators to exotic murals with other visitors.
Other countries with significant numbers of art nouveau buildings include France, Germany, and Spain. These countries had large-scale immigration during this time, so it's not too surprising that they would see an increase in art nouveau buildings. However, Russia also has many art nouveau buildings including churches and schools, but this may be because Russian architects were inspired by French designs at the time.
The art nouveau style is unique because of its emphasis on decoration over function. Many art nouveau buildings have elevators, phones, and toilets that are separate from the main part of the structure for aesthetic reasons. This would have been impossible to do with traditional building techniques at the time.
Some art nouveau buildings are museums, such as the Bibliotheque Nationale in Paris.
Baroque It should come as no surprise that the city of Rome has epitomized and adapted to nearly every architectural style from the ancient Classical era (Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance—you name it).
But perhaps we should not be surprised: after all, it was the Romans who built this city with such quality and elegance that their influence can still be seen everywhere today. The Roman Empire collapsed in the 5th century but its culture and ideas had a huge impact on future generations. Medieval builders took advantage of their knowledge and used it to create buildings that were innovative at the time (such as arches instead of wooden beams) but which later generations would come to see as outdated (like using square-shaped blocks instead of triangles).
In the 18th century, the Italian Renaissance brought a new sense of beauty and artistry into architecture with its emphasis on clarity and simplicity. The Baroque style came next and it too emphasized grandeur through size and complexity of design. But the modern world has changed all that and today's architects are looking back at Rome and other European cities and taking inspiration from them for their work.
Rome has so many beautiful buildings that it's difficult to list them all, but some worthy candidates for consideration include the Vatican City, Palazzi, and Museums.
The Most Beautiful Gothic Architecture in Europe
Gothic Venetian architecture. Venice has more than 1000 Gothic churches and monasteries - the most of any city in Europe. The best-known example of Venetian Gothic is St Mark's Cathedral, built between 1250 and 1348. It is an outstanding masterpiece of the European Middle Ages.
Other important buildings in Venice include the Doge's Palace (built 1340-1400), which now houses part of the national museum of art history; and the University Library (1516).
The city's main shopping areas are on or near the market squares: San Marco, Santa Croce, and Campo Santa Maria Novo. They feature many luxury brands as well as local products such as glassware and leather goods.
Venice has been ranked #1 out of 100 cities by livability.com. It is a popular destination for tourists, but also has a small population (about 450,000 people).
There are several ways to get around Venice. The vaporetto is free and runs from about 5 am until midnight every day except Christmas Day and New Year's Day.