The Parthenon is a temple that stands atop the Acropolis hill in Athens. It was dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena Parthenos and constructed in the mid-5th century BC ("Athena the Virgin"). The building consists of four columns supporting a pediment with an inscription honoring Athena Parthenos.
The architectural style is called "Parthenon style". It was widely used after this period and even today it is still applied to many buildings worldwide.
Athena was born from the head of her father, Zeus, in the form of a statue made by his sculptor Pallas. The goddess grew up quickly and, when she came of age, she decided to have her own temple built. She ordered Pallas to make the design for the temple and he in turn hired some of the most famous artists of the time to help him execute it. The project was finished in 464 BC and Athena was pleased with the result. She sent a plague on Athens to remind the people of her power and also because she had been asked to by Proteus, one of Poseidon's sons, who wanted revenge on Athens because they were always competing with him for the attention of Hera. However, the plague did not work and so Athena took pity on the city and allowed them to rebuild her temple.
The Parthenon is a marble temple dedicated to Athena, the goddess of wisdom. This location was chosen to demonstrate the temple's authority and to bring the temple closer to Athena and the gods. The Parthenon is an eight-columned temple in the Doric order. It has no roof but instead has a open air courtyard surrounded by columned rooms. The walls are made of local pink Pentelic marble and have inscriptions from the time of their construction, which is estimated to be around 438 BC.
In 416 BC, after many years of building, the Athenians finally finished the great monument. The Parthenon stands today in Athens, Greece. It is one of the world's best examples of Greek architecture and remains one of the most important monuments of Western civilization. In 1979, it was listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
The Parthenon is especially significant because it was not built by a king or a ruler, but by free men who wanted to show their respect and gratitude to the goddess Athena. The statue of Athena inside the temple shows that the people believed she had saved them from slavery during a battle with the Persians over two hundred years before the building of the temple. This proves that the people were willing to sacrifice their lives to honor the goddess.
Athena was the patron goddess of Athens, whose citizens built the temple in her name.
The Parthenon, which stands atop the Acropolis, is one of the world's major ancient landmarks. Why was the Parthenon constructed? It served as a gathering area for Athenians. It was a temple dedicated to the goddess Athena. It was a grain storage facility. It was erected as a memorial to the troops who perished against the Persians.
The discovery of a gold mine in the Athenian foothills made the city the wealthiest in the world. As the city grew to become the hub of Greek culture, politics and architecture flourished. The Greek nation's capital city was relocated to Athens, which grew to become the world's biggest metropolis. In Ancient Greece, I was a tough but fair dictator.
It was dedicated to Athena, as were the most of the buildings on the Acropolis, to praise the Goddess for their accomplishment. The Parthenon was completed in 432 BC and was intended to demonstrate Athens' supremacy and might to the rest of the world. The Delian League provided the great majority of the cash for the building. This was a military alliance between Athens and some other Greek cities-most notably Sparta-who wanted to be sure that neither city would become too powerful.
In 356 BC, after many years of work, Athenian sculptor Phidias finished the Propylaea, the entrance gates to the Acropolis. They are considered one of the greatest achievements in the history of sculpture.
The Erechtheion is another beautiful temple on the Acropolis. It was built in 399 BC by Mnesicles, one of the founders of the Acropolis Museum. The purpose of this temple was to house a sacred image of Athena Erechtheia (Athena the Dispenser). This image was said to have been made from the mask of Athena Polias (Athena the City), which had been taken to Erechtheus (a former king of Athens) at a time when the city was without a leader. When Erechtheus died, they decided to make a new image out of metal and stone.
Finally, the last temple on the list is the Temple of Olympian Zeus.