Qichunyuan is the smallest garden and was once home to concubines. The region is peppered with flower beds and pavilions. The grounds of the Old Summer Palace and the Summer Palace are distinct. They are about 5 kilometers apart. Qiaomongzhang is a small but interesting garden behind the Old Summer Palace shaped like a fish. It was built by Emperor Qianlong's favorite gardener who died before completing it.
The Old Summer Palace was built in 1755 by the order of the emperor Qianlong. It was destroyed during the Opium War in 1856 when the British burned down part of Beijing in order to punish China for allowing foreign traders into its ports. It was not until well after the end of the war that construction on the present version of the palace began. That's why there are differences between the two structures.
The New Summer Palace was built after the Old Summer Palace was destroyed. It was also designed by Qianlong but completed by his son the Guangxu Emperor in 1872. Like the Old Summer Palace, it was burned down by the British during the Opium War but was restored after they left Beijing.
Both the Old and New Summer Palaces are famous destinations in themselves as well as parts of a larger UNESCO World Heritage site. There are many things to see inside both places including a collection of imperial paintings.
2 The world's best maintained imperial garden The Summer Palace is China's and the world's largest and best-preserved imperial garden. Yihe Yuan, or Garden of Restful Peace, is what the Chinese name it. The manicured gardens, temples, and pavilions were created to be in harmony with nature and to be visually appealing. The site also includes a natural history museum with more than 7,000 objects from all over the world.
3 The home of King George's summer residence Since 1723, the Summer Palace has been the king's permanent residence during the Qing dynasty. The current monarch, Xi Jinping, lives there too!
4 A treasure trove of ancient art The Summer Palace is one of the greatest museums of ancient art in the world. It contains thousands of pieces of sculpture, painting, and calligraphy dating back as far as 1400 years ago. Many famous works of art are on display here, including pieces by Michelangelo, Raphael, Titian, and Leonardo da Vinci.
5 An important center of science in the early 19th century The Summer Palace was one of the first institutions to study and preserve China's ancient artifacts. In 1874, an archaeologist named Henri de la Tourette started work here. He is known for developing new methods for preserving ancient materials. Today, the palace houses parts of the world's largest collection of fossils.
During the Second Opium War in the 1860s, British and French forces devastated Qingyi Garden. Empress Cixi invested a considerable quantity of money in 1888 to develop a comparable park for luxury and pleasure in the summer, known as the Summer Palace. The new park was designed by French architects Jean-Claude Nicolas Forestier and Jules Delaude, and it includes fountains, trees, bridges, and buildings in the French style with Roman themes.
The destruction of the original garden caused widespread criticism in Europe, so the empress decided to replace it with a new version. The new palace was opened on May 15, 1890, but it wasn't until almost ten years later that it was fully completed. By then, the empress had died and been succeeded by her son, who never set foot in his new palace. It's estimated that more than $10 million USD was spent building the Summer Palace.
In 1919, the Nationalist government under Sun Yatsen returned part of the site to public use. In the late 1930s, during the Japanese invasion of China, most of the remaining structures were destroyed. After World War II, the Communist government of Mao Zedong built several factories on the remaining grounds of the palace complex.
Today, only a few parts of the former garden are still intact.
The garden spans 42 acres (17 ha) in the City of Westminster, London, and features 2.5 miles of gravel walks. Constitution Hill to the north, Hyde Park Corner to the west, Grosvenor Place to the south-west, and the Royal Mews, Queen's Gallery, and Buckingham Palace to the south and east form its boundaries. The site was originally part of a deer park for King Henry VIII, who built his new palace here in 1542. It remained under royal ownership until 1801, when George III bought it for his wife, Queen Charlotte.
Buckingham Palace is now a museum and government office complex. The palace gardens are open to the public daily from 9:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m., except for Christmas Day and New Year's Day. In winter, the main entrance on Green Street is closed, but there are side entrances located at the corner of Buckingham Palace Road and Victoria Street or at the corner of Carlton House Terrace and Piccadilly.
In summer, visitors can enjoy the palace lawns, which host many events including concerts, sports competitions, and exhibitions. The largest flower display in London is held in the palace grounds in late June/early July.
Gardens for ceremonies The South Lawn is framed by the White House's two ceremonial gardens (the Rose Garden and the Jacqueline Kennedy Garden). The Rose Garden (also known as "The President's Garden") is located on the west colonnade, immediately outside the Oval Office, south-west of the main home. According to research, having a successful kick is mostly determined by the proximal to distal sequencing of the leg parts. This is mostly studied in one plane of motion—the sagittal plane. The hip is flexed, and the knee is extended. The hip specifically stretches backwards when the knee flexes.
In addition to the Rose Garden, the White House has a second garden for ceremonial purposes. The Jacqueline Kennedy Garden is located on the east colonnade, opposite the Oval Office. It was originally called the Congressional Garden but was renamed in honor of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis's first visit to the White House as president's wife. She visited in 1961 and enjoyed helping plant the garden. The garden is quite small but contains several pieces of statuary including a representation of George Washington giving his farewell address on his retirement from office in 1796.
Both the Rose Garden and the Jacqueline Kennedy Garden are maintained by the National Park Service.