At 310 meters, it is now Europe's highest structure (1016 ft). In comparison, the Eiffel Tower, which is not a structure, is 320m taller than the Shard, and its observation deck is likewise 31m (100 feet) higher than the Shard's at 276m. The Shard will be the tallest building in England when it is completed.
The Eiffel Tower is actually composed of three separate towers arranged around an iron core. The Shard has one single tower surrounded by air. Using cubic content, we can see that the Shard is more than twice as large as the Eiffel Tower. Even though they are different kinds of buildings, they have the same height to width ratio, which means they are sized about the same. You could say the Shard is more voluminous than the Eiffel Tower.
In terms of volume, the Eiffel Tower is more than three times as big as the Shard. It would take 11 Eiffel Towers to equal the volume of the Shard.
A building's height is important because it determines what kind of construction it requires. The taller the building, the more foundations it needs. Building foundations come in two types: deep-seated and surface-mounted. A deep-seated foundation is required for any building over 10 meters high.
The tower stands 324 meters (1,063 feet) tall, roughly the same as an 81-story skyscraper and is the highest structure in Paris. It has a square foundation that measures 125 metres (410 feet) on each side. The Eiffel Tower.
|The Eiffel Tower|
|Architectural||300 m (984 ft)|
|Tip||324 m (1,063 ft)|
|Top floor||276 m (906 ft)|
Standing at 309.6 metres (1,016 feet) high, the Shard is the tallest building in the United Kingdom and the seventh-tallest building in Europe. It is also the second-tallest free-standing structure in the United Kingdom, after the concrete tower of the Emley Moor transmitting station. The Shard has been called "the world's most expensive skyscraper" and "the greatest brick building on earth".
The building was designed by British architect Renzo Piano with assistance from Peter Rice and is located in London Bridge City, a business district developed around London Bridge Station. It opened to the public in 2012 and is owned by Chinese real estate investment company CREDC. The main tenant is BAA which operates two airports near the site: London Heathrow Airport and London Gatwick Airport.
It is estimated to have cost $150 million to $180 million to build. At the time of its completion the Shard was the most expensive single construction project in the history of Britain. However, this record was later surpassed by the £850 million ($1.4 billion) BBC Headquarters building in London's West End.
In terms of area, the Shard is the largest office building in England. Its volume of space exceeds that of any other building in London except for the Palace of Westminster and it is also one of the largest office spaces in Europe.
The Eiffel Tower stands 1,063 feet (324 meters) tall, including the top antenna. It is 984 feet without the antenna (300 m). Until the Chrysler Building in New York was erected in 1930, it was the highest structure in the world. The Tower was built as a monument to the French industrialist and designer Antonin Louis César Eiffel.
It is located on the Champ de Mars near Paris, France. The site was once part of a public park but now is a major tourist attraction. The first pillar of the tower was put into place on April 16, 1889, and the entire structure was completed eight years later at a cost of $70 million ($ billion today).
Including the antenna, the height of the Eiffel Tower is 1,063 feet (319 meters). Without the antenna, it is 984 feet (299 meters).
It is visited by more than 50 million people a year from all over the world. In fact, it is the most popular paid holiday in France, with up to half of Paris staying home on Monday so they can see the city from the top of the Eiffel Tower.
The interior of the tower is decorated with artworks created by different artists.
With a height of over 320 meters and a weight of 10,100 tons, the Eiffel Tower serves as both a landmark, recognized across the globe as the symbol of Paris, and a magnificent example of material construction, characteristics, and performance. It is the most visible element of a worldwide phenomenon called Le Tour de France, which has been ridden by over 200 cyclists from 34 countries.
The tower was built by French engineer Gustave Eiffel for the 1889 World's Fair to honor the 100th anniversary of the French Revolution. It was designed by Eiffel himself and is based on the Greek myth of Pygmalion and his statue "Dame Nature". The original plan was to install the statue in London but it was decided to move it to Paris instead.
When it was completed at the time of its opening, it was considered one of the wonders of the world. In 1969, it was joined by the Statue of Liberty on American soil and since then they have become symbols of America and France respectively.
In June 2012, the Eiffel Tower announced that it would be closing its doors for five months of renovation work. The project will include improvements such as new lighting, security cameras, and climate control systems.
The tower was intended by Eiffel to be 300 meters high, or 984 feet (about 90 storeys); it is 328 feet wide at its base. This dimension tapers fast, as seen in the picture and table below. The elevator inside the tower can carry 50 people at a time.
Its actual height is 463 feet (137 m), with an additional 36 feet (11 m) of steel added after construction for stability reasons. It is therefore the tallest free-standing structure in Europe. A single stone from the Sainte-Chapelle church in Paris was used as a pedestal for the first iron girder erected on the site of the future tower. This stone was later taken away and placed in the tower itself as a relic.
The diameter of the base is 165 feet (50 m). It takes 11 months to construct the tower, which is made of wrought iron and glass. The total weight of the tower alone is 20,000 tons.
Inside the tower there are three levels: ground floor, main floor and attic floor. There are also two underground floors: one with a restaurant and one with a gift shop. The top of the tower has a viewing platform with benches where visitors can take in view of Paris. An elevator takes passengers up to the top in less than a minute.