The Empire State Building may have lost its status as the tallest building in America a long time ago, but it remains the nation's favorite. The ruling raises the building's official height to 1,776 feet, making it taller than Chicago's 1,451-foot Willis (previously Sears) Tower. The difference in height comes from how they are built: the Empire State Building is made of concrete and steel, while the Willis Tower is mostly glass and steel.
In addition to being the tallest building in America, the Empire State Building is also the most expensive skyscraper in history. Construction on the $200 million project began in 1931 and was not completed until months after the Great Depression ended. The 86th floor is said to be where you can see five states-New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Pennsylvania, and Massachusetts-from one location.
Another famous thing about the Empire State Building is that there are more stars on its rooftop than any other building in America. The reason for this is because many famous people have used their presence there to help promote themselves. These people include actors, musicians, and athletes. In fact, the list of stars who have appeared on the Empire State Building's roof is so large that we couldn't fit them all here! Check out our photo gallery below to see some of the biggest names in entertainment history standing next to one another on the same roof.
New York City's Empire State Building The Empire State Building's top level is 1,250 feet (380 meters) tall. The total height of the structure, including the spire and antenna, is 1,454 feet (443 meters). It is now the fourth highest structure in New York City, the sixth tallest structure in the United States, and the 43rd tallest structure in the world. The building was designed by Shubrick and Stewart and built by a team led by John J. McShane. It took more than five years to complete the project at a cost of $40 million ($150 million in 2005 dollars). The building is made of reinforced concrete with decorative panels of glass, metal, and stone. Its shape is based on that of a state tree native to New York: the American elm.
In addition to its use as a radio tower, the Empire State Building has been known for many things over the years, including being the setting for a famous kiss, a murder scene, and the location of which hotel room guests go when they leave town. The building has also been used as a filming location for several movies and television shows. In addition, it has been reported that three presidents have visited the building without leaving their suites - Franklin D. Roosevelt, John F. Kennedy, and Ronald Reagan.
Construction on the Empire State Building began on May 14, 1931 and it was completed eight months later on January 1, 1932.
At a Glance: The Empire State Building The Empire State Building's top level is 1,250 feet (380 meters) tall.
The building has been called many things over the years, but "tower" is probably as close to an official name as it gets. In fact, the building itself doesn't even use that word to describe itself. Instead, it's referred to as a "spire" or a "staircase" - words that describe its main feature-or as just "the Empire State Building."
Its original name was the New York World's Fair 1939-1964 Building. After the fair ended, IBM bought the building for $7 million and renamed it after themselves (hence the reason it's also known as the "IBM Tower"). They still own it today.
The building is officially listed by the city as "a steel frame with masonry and glass walls". It's actually more of a cast-in-place concrete and glass wall construction, but they used scaffolding to get all the way up there before the trade show era so they could save money.
The first two floors are made of reinforced concrete, which is heavy and can support large amounts of weight.
The Empire State Building's top level is 1,250 feet (380 meters) tall. The building was also the first to be designed using the then-new concept of reinforced concrete frames with interior columns instead of exterior walls.
The building is known for its Art Deco design and has been called "the skyscraper as art form." It was modeled after a piece of modern art produced by French artist Charles De Gaulle when he was prime minister of France: the Eiffel Tower. The main inspiration for the Empire State Building came from one of Paris's most famous landmarks, the Eiffel Tower. The designers of the Empire State Building wanted to create a new kind of skyscraper that would be attractive to look at and useful for commerce. So they gave it a shape that mimicked the Eiffel Tower and named it after the country that built this type of architecture: France. The Empire State Building is now a national landmark in New York City.
In addition to being an art deco masterpiece, the Empire State Building is also an engineering marvel. The building's architects decided to have the top floor completely open so more space could be used for offices. But they still needed a way to support the heavy ceilings and make sure the floors were safe from damage.
The Empire State Building was planned by Shreve, Lamb & Harmon to rise 1,250 feet tall, surpassing the Chrysler Building by 204 feet after more than a dozen changes. Furthermore, the Chrysler Building is remains the world's highest brick building with a steel frame. The Empire State Building is also the second most expensive building ever constructed before or since -- $50 million worth of gold and diamonds were used in its construction.
They both stand on 23rd Street between 5th and 6th Avenues in Manhattan, New York, but only the Chrysler Building is still standing. The Empire State Building was destroyed by arson in February 1974, causing $10 million in damage. The site today is home to One World Trade Center, which at 1,776 feet is now the tallest building in New York.
The Chrysler Building was first built as a temporary office building for the 1939 New York World's Fair. It was later converted into a hotel and then apartments. The building is currently owned by a real estate investment trust that does not operate any property directly related to the automobile industry. However, it does have an automotive-related name - Brooklands Partnership LLC. The trust was formed by investors from Britain and France who bought the building in 1973 for $7 million.
When it was completed in late 1939, the Chrysler Building was thought to be the tallest brick structure in the world.
The Chrysler Skyscraper, which was built between 1928 and 1930, was temporarily the highest building in the world, standing at 1,046 feet (318.8 metres). It was awarded this honor in November 1929, when the skyscraper was completed with a 180-foot (55-metre) spire, and held the record until the Empire State Building opened in 1931. However, due to an error by its architects, the Chrysler Building was not designed to be structurally sound above the 88th floor (or any other height), so it must be viewed as a display piece rather than a functional skyscraper.
The original plan for the building called for it to be only forty-five stories high, but an increase in the number of floors was needed to house as many cars as could be expected to fit inside a single structure that large. The building's size also helped make it appear more modern and important than its New York City competitors, who were limited by law to a maximum height of forty-three stories.
It took nearly five years to complete the Chrysler Building, which was then the fastest building in the world to rise from start to finish. Its price tag of $7 million (about $100 million in today's dollars) made it one of the most expensive buildings of its time.
The Chrysler Building has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places since January 13, 1976. Today, it is a part of the New York City landmark district system and operates as a luxury hotel.