The Fazl Mosque, also known as The London Mosque, was the city's first purpose-built mosque. On October 23, 1926, it was dedicated at Southfields, Wandsworth. It is now within the boundaries of Wimbledon Park.
The mosque was built by the Muslim Association of Britain on a site donated by the government. It has been described as "a modest building with an Islamic style minaret and ablution pool". The central tower was originally painted white, but this has since been stripped.
An inscription above the main entrance reads: "This house of prayer is open to all believers in Christ Jesus, men or women, young or old, slave or free, who will obey the law of God and be faithful to his mission."
It is estimated that some 1000 people attended the opening service, which was led by Sir Muhammad Zafrulla Khan, then president of the British Muslim League. Other speakers included Dr Ali Ahmed and Mr Abdur Rahman. The London Evening News reported that "the sermon was delivered in English and Arabic by Dr Ali Ahmad, secretary to the committee in charge of the construction of the mosque."
Dr Ali Ahmad was a prominent academic and scholar of Islam who had been born in India but moved with his family to England when he was a child.
According to Jahangir Mohammed of the Abdullah Quilliam Society, it is difficult to overestimate the man's significance or the fortitude he shown in becoming a Muslim during a vacation to Morocco. Only a few additional mosques were constructed prior to the 1960s, notably the Fazl Mosque in Southfields, London, in 1926. It is estimated that this single mosque was attended by nearly all of the British Muslims at the time.
After Fazl Khan's death in 1623, his son Muhsin also became an influential religious figure. He too started the practice of inviting European Christians to attend prayers at the Jamia mosque. During Muhsin's lifetime, approximately 50 churches were converted into mosques. He also married a daughter of Sultan Murad IV and took part in military campaigns against the Russians under Tsar Alexis. In 1656, Muhsin died after only six years on the throne. He was only 33 years old.
The Fazl Mosque is now owned by the Abdullah Quilliam Society and is located in Seckford Park, London. This area used to be known as Millbank Prison until 1839 when it was given to Sir John Francis Quain, who had no children so it was then donated to the Crown. The mosque was built as his memorial.
It is said that he once again donated this land to the government but this time they refused.
The London Central Mosque is a mosque in London, United Kingdom, in Regent's Park. Sir Frederick Gibberd designed it, and it was finished in 1977, with a distinctive golden dome. Over 5,000 worshipers may be accommodated in the main hall, with ladies worshiping on a balcony overlooking the hall. An additional 1,200 men may be accommodated in a separate building attached to the rear of the complex.
The London Central Mosque was built to replace a small Victorian chapel that had been destroyed by fire in 1975. The new mosque was intended to serve both Muslims and non-Muslims who live in the area around Regent's Park. It is not a state religion institution but receives government funding through the Department for Communities and Local Government.
The London Central Mosque has become one of the most influential mosques in Britain due to its liberal approach to Islam. Women are allowed to lead prayers at the mosque, and there is no requirement that males and females should be separated during prayer times. The concept of "jihad" or holy war is rejected by the mosque's leaders, who believe that violence against others cannot be justified even if one believes oneself to be acting as an act of self-defense.
In addition to its regular services, the London Central Mosque hosts speakers from time to time.
The Ahmadiyya Muslim organization constructed the first mosque in 1930. Another group arrived in Bombay, India, in 1929, and went on to create the Sunni Indo-Pakistani Muslim Society. This group (renamed Panama Muslim Mission) began construction of a mosque in Panama City between 1929 and 1948. The mosque was completed and opened for worship in December 1950.
The London Central Mosque in Regent's Park was erected in the 1970s, three decades after Churchill's war cabinet authorized the acquisition of the property in acknowledgement of Islam's relevance in an increasingly diversified society. The mosque was designed by Sir Charles Nicholas, who also designed the Central Library at Cambridge University and the British Museum in London. It is a modest structure with white walls and blue trim, situated next to a playground and walking path that leads to the main gate of Kensington Gardens.
The mosque was constructed with funds provided by the Saudi government as part of its plan to establish mosques across Europe. It has since become one of the most prominent landmarks in London, attracting thousands of visitors each year.
In 2007, it was reported that around £150,000 ($240,000) was being spent each year on heating the building because of the cold weather in England. The mosque's imam said they were trying to reduce costs by turning off some heating vents but added that it could lead to people freezing to death if it continued for too long.
The mosque was initially going to be called "London Islamic Centre," but this name was rejected by Buckingham Palace which objected to any connection with terrorism. In addition, members of the royal family have been assassinated while visiting foreign countries so this decision was seen as important for improving relations between Muslims and the public at large.
The biggest mosque in Western Europe has been lauded as a religious center for the twenty-first century. The mosque in Morden, south London, can house up to 10,000 worshipers and cost PS15 million to build. It was erected by Britain's Ahmadi Muslims, who opened London's first mosque over 80 years ago. The $15 million Dohuk Provincial Mosque in northern Iraq is also considered one of the largest in the world.
The second largest mosque in Europe is the Tashkent Mosque in Uzbekistan, which can hold up to 5,000 people. It was built in 1968 under Soviet rule when mosques were not allowed so architects had to copy traditional Muslim buildings. There are also large Shiite mosques in Iran and Lebanon that can hold many thousands of people.
The largest mosque in the world is the Great Mosque of Mecca, which can hold up to 500,000 people during Hajj. It is located in Saudi Arabia and is the most sacred mosque in Islam.
Other large mosques include the Senagalese Djenne Mausoleum in Mali, which can hold 3,000 people; the Córdoba Mezquita in Spain, which can hold 20,000 people; and the Turkish Fatih Sultan Mehmet Mosque in Istanbul, which can hold 25,000 people.
There are also several large Catholic churches in Europe. The Pope's church is called the Vatican City and it is an independent state within Rome!