The 195m Telstra Tower, perched atop Black Mountain, towers over Canberra. The Australian War Memorial, National Museum, National Gallery, Old and New Parliament Houses, Australia's National Science and Technology Centre, Australian National Botanic Gardens, and so on are all major attractions in the city. The tower was built as a telecommunications hub for Telstra; it now houses offices, restaurants, a nightclub, a museum, and an observation deck.
Telstra Tower was designed by English architect Sir John Douglas, who also designed Melbourne's Federation Square. It was completed in 1983 and was at the time the world's tallest free-standing structure made up entirely of glass panels. The Memorial Bridge was also designed by Sir John and opened to traffic the same year as the tower. It connects Capital Hill with the southern end of Lake Burley Griffin and is lined with sculptures by Henry Moore and Barbara Hepworth.
Both the tower and the bridge are landmarks visible for many kilometres around Canberra. They are also popular places for photo opportunities.
Canberra was originally planned to have three grand presidential buildings, but financial constraints meant that only one could be completed. The Australian War Memorial was built using funds raised from private donations and government grants. It is estimated that more than 80,000 people work within 10 km of the city center. In total, nearly 200,000 people live in the greater Canberra area.
The cityscape of Canberra is home to a variety of significant Australian landmarks, the most historic of which are the Albert Hall, Duntroon House, Government House, and the High Court of Australia. The Old Parliament House is particularly noteworthy...
Canberra's landscape was shaped by natural events like floods and droughts that affected what is now the central region of the continent. Volcanoes also played a role in forming the cityscape, with one caldera forming Mount Stromlo. After thousands of years of wind and water erosion, humans began to sculpt the land around Canberra. Major roads and buildings were created using rubble from abandoned settlements or removed during public works projects. Landmarks such as Lake Burley Griffin and Manuka Vale Nature Reserve have been formed by these activities.
Albert Park is the largest park in Canberra. It was originally part of farmland owned by the government before being turned into a public space. Sixty-four hectares in size, the park features sporting facilities, including tennis courts, cricket nets, and a golf course, as well as playgrounds for children, an archery field, and horse riding tracks. A range of festivals are held in the park, including an annual music festival that attracts musicians from across the world.
Duntroon House is located in the suburb of Chisholm.
Canberra, the capital of the Australian government, is home to numerous notable federal government agencies, national monuments, and museums. Parliament House, Government House, the High Court, and the headquarters of various government institutions are all included. The city's cultural attractions range from ancient Aboriginal rock art to modern art galleries.
Canberra was originally planned as a modern capital city for Australia, and it was intended to replace Melbourne as its central point. The city was designed by British architects, and it features wide streets with open spaces. It is located on the banks of the Murrumbidgee River, within sight of the snow-capped mountains that form the border between New South Wales and Victoria. The city has become popular with politicians, journalists, bureaucrats, and artists because there is always something going on here. There are frequent free events in the calendar including music festivals, outdoor movies, and exhibitions from local and international artists.
Canberra was also chosen as the new capital because the government thought it would be easy to administer. The people who live here are mostly office workers who commute into the city center from surrounding areas. However, some federal employees do work in Canberra - they are given housing near where they need to be based their jobs.
In addition to having many offices buildings, Canberra has several large shopping centers.
Canberra has grown as a succession of distinct but interconnected settlements built in valleys and shaped and divided by a network of open space. This structure has kept the big hills and ridges from being developed, while also providing a magnificent background and natural environment for the metropolitan districts. The city's size is also important: at 910 square kilometres (354 sq miles), it is smaller than most cities in Australia but larger than many small towns.
The official design history begins with a meeting in London in 1948 between Australian federal officials and several leading British architects. The Americans wanted something unique to represent them at the post-war international conference, and so the chosen style was modernism, which was then becoming popular in Britain and other parts of Europe.
The planners asked the architects to design a town that would fit in with the rest of Australia and be attractive to immigrants. They also wanted it to be self-sufficient and not rely on power lines or any other external support systems. Finally, they wanted an administrative centre for the new government department that managed immigration into Australia. From this brief, the designers produced a plan for a modern capital city with wide streets, large open spaces, and buildings made of glass, steel, and concrete.
The plan was accepted, and the Canadian architect R.J. Anderson was appointed director of urban development.