Earlier Mughal structures were mostly made of red sandstone, but Shah Jahan encouraged the use of white marble inlaid with semi-precious stones. This resulted in a building that is both beautiful and symbolic.
The Taj Mahal is one of the greatest monuments to love and loss. It was built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan as a mausoleum for his wife, the emperor's favorite daughter, the Princess Taj Udham Singh. The emperor called it "Taj Mujāhī," which means "crowned with flowers."
It is said that if you walk around the monument clockwise, then throw a stone inside it, it will come out the same way each time. This is because the rock used to construct the mausoleum is identical to that outside it.
There are several theories about why Shah Jahan ordered the construction of the Taj Mahal. Some say it was as a consolation prize after the death of his first two beloved wives. Others believe it was as a memorial for his third wife, who had died before him. Still others think it was just a big waste of money. However, what is not in dispute is that the empire's richest ruler ever contributed significantly to its construction.
Thus, Mughal architecture was created with high-quality materials like as red sandstone and white marble, and mortar was made with lime. The primary mortar elements were lime, water, and surkhi. Lime is a powder that becomes hard when dried, while surkh means salt in Urdu.
Monuments built during the Mughal era are made of red sandstone or white marble, with elaborate carvings and decorative details. Some of the most famous examples include the Taj Mahal in Agra, India, and the Red Fort in Delhi.
The Mughals were great builders and architects who used high-quality materials to create beautiful structures all over India. The buildings were mainly constructed using stone but also used wood and plaster as well.
Monuments such as these were not only impressive works of art but also served as public spaces where people could take refuge from the heat and rain of Indian summers and winters.
These spaces came to be known as "mahouts" or "camels' noses" because they looked like the long snouts of camels. In modern times, they are often referred to as "taj mahals" which means "monuments of love".
The Mughals were responsible for many other important developments in India during their time.
The construction material is brick-in-lime mortar veneered with red sandstone and marble, with precious and semi-precious stone inlay work. In contrast to the marble mausoleum in the center, the mosque and guest house in the Taj Mahal complex are made of red sandstone. The overall size of the monument is about 32 acres (133,000 square meters).
The monument was built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan as a memorial for his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal. It was designed by the imperial court architect Haji Ali Mulla and completed in 1648. The project was a massive one and it took almost 20 years to complete it. It contains everything from mausoleums for Mumtaz's family to a mosque for daily prayers. Even today, it remains one of the most beautiful monuments in India.
The basic structure of the mosque is octagonal with four small pillars at each corner and eight large pillars in between. The height of the dome is 42 feet (13 meters), and it has been estimated that there are more than 20 million bricks used in its construction.
The walls of the mosque are about six feet thick (1.8 meters) and it takes about 20 thousand tons of stone to build it. Inside the mosque, there are three aisles with arches supported on white marble columns.
There are several stone-built structures in India. When it comes to historical monuments, most Mugal structures are composed of red sandstone, such as the Qutab Minar—Red sandstone. Tomb of Humayu-Red sandstone. The Shiva Temple at Konarak is also built of red sandstone. Other famous Indian stone buildings include those at Hampi, Vellore, and Puducherry.
The Red Fort was built using sandstone from Rajasthan. The walls of the fort are painted red to make them look bigger. Inside the rooms, the colors are used to give the illusion that the walls are glowing with color after being exposed to the sun for so many years.
The Blue Mosque in Istanbul is also built of Turkish blue limestone. This kind of stone is very hard to work with but it becomes beautiful when carved by expert hands.
The Great Wall of China is made of brick and stone. It is so big that it can be seen from space! The wall goes down into the depths of a valley where it divides two ancient cities: Beijing on one side and Xi'an on the other.
Machu Picchu is an old Inca city built out of rock salt. The people who lived there used to take salt from nearby mines and use it for trade with other countries in South America.
The breathtaking 17th-century white marble Taj Mahal, often referred to as one of the world's marvels, was erected by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan as a mausoleum for his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal, who died in delivery. The traditional explanation is Shah Jahan's eternal love for Mumtaz. However, some historians believe that the emperor had other reasons to build such a magnificent monument. For example, historian Joseph Dan has suggested that the construction of the Taj Mahal was part of an effort by Shah Jahan to demonstrate his power and authority as he fought to regain control of his empire after years of wars.
Another theory about the reason why the emperor built this tomb is that he wanted to outdo the previous tombs built by his father and grandfather which were not so grand. He also may have wanted to show future generations what kind of monument should be built for them. Last, but not least, many people believe that the main purpose of building such a beautiful tomb was to make Mumtaz happy even after she died. It is said that when Shah Jahan saw her smiling face on the marble walls he would know that she was still with him and this made him feel complete.
Shah Jahan ruled from 1598 to 1666. He was the fifth emperor of the mighty Mughal dynasty and one of the greatest rulers in Indian history. The Taj Mahal was completed in 1648 after three years of work.